Who was the Tribe of Zebulun?


The tribes of Israel hold a significant place in the history of the Israelites and their relationship with God. Among these twelve tribes, Zebulun is often not as well-known as some of the more prominent tribes like Judah, Ephraim, or Levi. Despite this, the tribe of Zebulun has its unique place in Israel’s history, contributing to the nation’s development, and upholding the values and beliefs of the Israelite people. In this blog post, we will explore the origins, territory, and legacy of the tribe of Zebulun, providing a comprehensive understanding of their significance in the biblical narrative.

The tribe of Zebulun descends from the sixth son of Jacob and Leah, and the tenth son overall. As part of the twelve tribes of Israel, Zebulun played a crucial role in the formation of the nation of Israel, taking part in its history, battles, and spiritual journey. Through the examination of the New King James Version (NKJV) of the Bible, we can gain valuable insights into the story of the tribe of Zebulun and appreciate their contribution to the broader narrative of God’s chosen people.

in the Bible

Origin of the Tribe of Zebulun

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The origin of the tribe of Zebulun can be traced back to the patriarch Jacob, who fathered twelve sons, each becoming the progenitor of one of the twelve tribes of Israel. The story of Zebulun’s birth is narrated in Genesis 30:19-20 (NKJV): “And Leah conceived again and bore Jacob a sixth son. Then Leah said, ‘God has endowed me with a good endowment; now my husband will dwell with me because I have borne him six sons.’ So she called his name Zebulun.” The name Zebulun, or Zebulon, is derived from the Hebrew word “zeved,” which means “gift” or “endowment.” Leah named her son Zebulun as a recognition of God’s blessing and the hope that Jacob would now dwell with her.

Territory of the Tribe of Zebulun

Following the exodus from Egypt and the conquest of Canaan under the leadership of Joshua, the tribes of Israel were allocated territories through a divinely guided casting of lots. The territory assigned to the tribe of Zebulun is described in Joshua 19:10-16 (NKJV). Their inheritance was situated in the northern part of the land of Canaan, bordered by the tribes of Asher, Naphtali, and Issachar.

The territory of Zebulun was predominantly hilly and fertile, with access to the Mediterranean Sea through the Plain of Jezreel. This advantageous position allowed the tribe to engage in agriculture, trade, and maritime activities. Key cities within the Zebulunite territory included Kattath, Nahalal, Shimron, Idalah, and Bethlehem (not to be confused with the Bethlehem in Judah). These cities served as hubs for commerce, governance, and worship.

The Role of Zebulun in Israel’s History

The tribe of Zebulun played a significant role in the history of the Israelites. During the time of the Judges, the people of Zebulun demonstrated their loyalty and bravery by rallying behind the prophetess and judge Deborah, and the military commander Barak in their battle against the Canaanite king Jabin and his army commander Sisera. Judges 4:6 (NKJV) records Deborah’s call to Barak: “And she sent and called for Barak the son of Abinoam from Kedesh in Naphtali, and said to him, ‘Has not the Lord God of Israel commanded, “Go and deploy troops at Mount Tabor; take with you ten thousand men of the sons of Naphtali and of the sons of Zebulun”?’ Zebulun’s warriors played a crucial part in this decisive victory, which led to forty years of peace in the land (Judges 4:10, 5:18).

In addition to their martial prowess, the tribe of Zebulun was known for their wisdom and understanding of the times. During the period of the United Monarchy, when David was anointed king over all Israel, representatives from the tribe of Zebulun were among those who supported David’s coronation. 1 Chronicles 12:33 (NKJV) highlights their discernment: “Of Zebulun, there were fifty thousand who went out to battle, expert in war with all weapons of war, stouthearted men who could keep ranks; they were not of double heart.” Their unwavering support of David contributed to the establishment of a unified Israelite kingdom.

The Legacy of Zebulun in the New Testament

The tribe of Zebulun is also mentioned in the New Testament, particularly in the context of the prophecy of the Messiah’s arrival. The Gospel of Matthew cites the words of the prophet Isaiah, who foretold the arrival of the “great light” that would shine upon the lands of Zebulun and Naphtali, and upon the entire nation of Israel (Matthew 4:13-16; Isaiah 9:1-2). This prophecy was fulfilled in Jesus Christ, who began his public ministry in the region of Galilee, which encompassed the former territories of Zebulun and Naphtali.

The Enduring Lessons from the Tribe of Zebulun

As we examine the story of the tribe of Zebulun, we can draw several valuable lessons that are relevant to our Christian walk today. First, the tribe’s unwavering loyalty and commitment to the cause of God, as seen in their support of Deborah, Barak, and King David, exemplify the importance of unity and dedication in our spiritual journey. As believers, we should strive to work together in harmony, supporting one another in our pursuit of God’s purposes.

Second, the tribe of Zebulun demonstrates the significance of discernment and wisdom in understanding God’s will. As the Zebulunites recognized the importance of David’s reign and the arrival of the Messiah, we too should be attentive to the guidance of the Holy Spirit and seek wisdom from God’s Word to discern His plans for our lives.


In conclusion, the tribe of Zebulun may not be as well-known as some of the other tribes of Israel, but their story carries vital lessons for believers today. Their unwavering loyalty, commitment, and discernment in serving God’s purposes highlight the importance of these qualities in our Christian walk. As we study the story of Zebulun and the other tribes of Israel, let us be reminded of the rich tapestry of God’s work in human history and the powerful ways in which He uses ordinary people to accomplish His extraordinary plans. May we be inspired by the tribe of Zebulun to remain steadfast in our faith, to seek wisdom and discernment in our lives, and to work together as one body in Christ, pursuing the mission that God has entrusted to us.

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