Who was Issachar in the Bible?
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Who was Issachar in the Bible?


The Bible is filled with stories of people who have made significant contributions to the history of mankind and the faith of believers. These individuals have showcased resilience, obedience, and faith in God throughout their lives.

One such individual, though not as commonly known as figures like Moses or David, is Issachar. In this blog post, we will delve into the life of Issachar, exploring his role in the biblical narrative and the significance of his story for modern-day believers.

Issachar was one of the twelve sons of Jacob and a founding member of the twelve tribes of Israel. His story can be found in the book of Genesis, where his birth, lineage, and contributions to the early Israelite nation are documented.

As we study Issachar’s life and legacy, we will discover valuable insights into the faithfulness of God and the importance of unity among the people of God.

In order to fully appreciate the story of Issachar, it is essential to understand the historical and cultural context in which he lived. This will provide a solid foundation for interpreting the significance of his life and the role he played within the larger biblical narrative.

Let’s take a closer look at the life of Issachar, his family, and the tribe that bore his name.

The bible

Issachar’s Birth and Family

Issachar was the ninth son of Jacob and the fifth son born to his mother, Leah. His birth is recorded in Genesis 30:17-18, which states, “And God listened to Leah, and she conceived and bore Jacob a fifth son.

Leah said, ‘God has given me my wages, because I have given my maid to my husband.’ So she called his name Issachar” (NKJV).

Leah was the first wife of Jacob, and she bore him six sons in total. She named her son Issachar, which means “man of reward” or “hired man,” reflecting her belief that God had rewarded her for giving her maid Zilpah to Jacob as a wife.

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Issachar’s brothers were Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, and Zebulun, all of whom played vital roles in the formation of the nation of Israel.

The Tribe of Issachar

As one of the twelve sons of Jacob, Issachar became the founder of one of the twelve tribes of Israel. The tribe of Issachar played an essential role in the early history of the Israelite nation. They were known for their wisdom and understanding, as well as their dedication to serving God and following His commandments.

The tribe of Issachar is described in the book of Numbers as being one of the larger tribes in terms of population.

Numbers 1:28-29 says, “From the sons of Issachar, according to the generations of their families, by their fathers’ houses, according to the number of names, from twenty years old and above, all who were able to go to war: those who were numbered of the tribe of Issachar were fifty-four thousand four hundred” (NKJV).

This verse demonstrates the strength and significance of the tribe within the larger Israelite nation.

The Role of the Tribe of Issachar in the Bible

The tribe of Issachar played an essential role in several key moments in the biblical narrative. One of the most notable instances is found in the book of Judges, where the tribe joined forces with Deborah and Barak to defeat the Canaanite king Jabin and his commander Sisera.

Judges 5:15 recounts this event, saying, “The princes of Issachar were with Deborah; As Issachar, so was Barak; they rushed into the valley at his feet” (NKJV).

This passage highlights the tribe’s commitment to uniting with other Israelite tribes in the battle against their enemies, showcasing their dedication to the cause of God and His people.

Another significant role of the tribe of Issachar can be found in the time of King David. According to 1 Chronicles 12:32, the men of Issachar were known for their wisdom and understanding of the times, which enabled them to advise David on the best course of action.

The verse states, “Of the sons of Issachar who had understanding of the times, to know what Israel ought to do, their chiefs were two hundred; and all their brethren were at their command” (NKJV). This depiction of the tribe of Issachar highlights their ability to discern God’s will and provide wise counsel to those in leadership.

The tribe of Issachar was also involved in the establishment of the united kingdom of Israel. They were among the tribes that gathered in Hebron to anoint David as king, as described in 1 Chronicles 12:40,

“Moreover those who were near to them, from as far away as Issachar and Zebulun and Naphtali, were bringing food on donkeys and camels, on mules and oxen—provisions of flour, cakes of figs, bunches of raisins, wine, oil, oxen, and sheep abundantly, for there was joy in Israel” (NKJV).

This passage demonstrates the tribe’s support and participation in the crucial moments of Israel’s history.

Lessons from Issachar’s Story

The story of Issachar and the tribe that bore his name provides valuable lessons for believers today. First and foremost, it highlights the faithfulness of God in fulfilling His promises.

Just as God promised to make a great nation out of the descendants of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, He did so through the twelve tribes of Israel, including the tribe of Issachar.

Second, the story of Issachar and his tribe emphasizes the importance of unity among the people of God. Throughout the biblical narrative, the tribe of Issachar is seen joining forces with other tribes to achieve common goals, such as defeating their enemies or establishing a united kingdom.

This unity serves as a reminder for Christians today to work together in harmony and love, upholding the values and teachings of the faith.

Lastly, the wisdom and understanding attributed to the tribe of Issachar serve as an example for believers to seek God’s guidance and direction in all aspects of life.

By cultivating a close relationship with God and discerning His will, believers can make wise decisions and contribute positively to their communities and the world at large.


In conclusion, the story of Issachar and the tribe that bore his name is a significant part of the biblical narrative. As one of the twelve sons of Jacob and the founder of one of the twelve tribes of Israel, Issachar’s legacy is a testament to God’s faithfulness and the importance of unity among His people.

As we study the life of Issachar and the tribe that came from him, we can draw valuable lessons about the role of wisdom, understanding, and unity in our own lives as believers.

By seeking God’s guidance and working together in harmony, we can continue the legacy of Issachar and the other tribes of Israel, serving as a light in a dark world and bringing hope and healing to those around us.

May the story of Issachar inspire us to live lives of faith, wisdom, and unity, that we might more fully embody the love and grace of our Heavenly Father.

Pastor duke taber
Pastor Duke Taber

Pastor Duke Taber

All articles have been written or reviewed by Pastor Duke Taber.
Pastor Duke Taber is an alumnus of Life Pacific University and Multnomah Biblical Seminary.
He has been in pastoral ministry since 1988.
Today he is the owner and managing editor of 3 successful Christian websites that support missionaries around the world.
He is currently starting a brand new church in Mesquite NV called Mesquite Worship Center, a Non-Denominational Spirit Filled Christian church in Mesquite Nevada.