Who was Hadassah in the Bible?


Hadassah, a name that may not be immediately familiar to many, holds a special place in the annals of biblical history. The story of this remarkable woman is one of courage, faith, and resilience in the face of adversity. As we explore her life and legacy, we will come to understand the profound impact she had on her people and the enduring lessons her example offers to believers today.

The story of Hadassah is found in the Old Testament, specifically in the Book of Esther. This captivating narrative takes us on a journey through the ancient Persian Empire during the reign of King Ahasuerus (Xerxes I). It is within this historical setting that we are introduced to a Jewish woman named Hadassah, who would later be known by her Persian name, Esther. As we delve into the details of her life, we will discover a woman who embodies the virtues of wisdom, courage, and faithfulness.

Who was Hadassah in the Bible?

The Background of Hadassah

Hadassah was a young Jewish woman living in the city of Susa, the capital of the Persian Empire (Esther 2:5-7). Her parents had died, leaving her an orphan, and she was raised by her older cousin Mordecai. The name Hadassah means “myrtle” in Hebrew, which is a fragrant and beautiful plant. It is interesting to note that she was given a Persian name, Esther, which means “star” and was likely used to help her blend into her new environment.

At the time of Hadassah’s youth, the Persian Empire was vast, stretching from India to Ethiopia, and ruled by King Ahasuerus. After his queen, Vashti, disobeyed him, the king sought a new queen from among the young virgins of his realm (Esther 2:1-4). This led to Hadassah, who was exceptionally beautiful, being taken into the king’s harem, along with many other young women.

Hadassah Becomes Queen Esther

The process to become queen was long and arduous, involving months of preparation and beauty treatments (Esther 2:12). Throughout this time, Hadassah, now known as Esther, remained obedient to her cousin Mordecai’s advice and kept her Jewish identity a secret (Esther 2:10). When her turn came to meet King Ahasuerus, he was captivated by her beauty and character, choosing her as his new queen (Esther 2:16-17).

While Esther had successfully navigated the challenges of palace life, a dark cloud loomed on the horizon. A high-ranking official named Haman plotted to destroy the Jews living in the Persian Empire due to a personal grudge against Mordecai, who had refused to bow down to him (Esther 3:5-6). Haman convinced King Ahasuerus to issue a decree calling for the extermination of all Jews on a specific date (Esther 3:8-15).

Esther’s Courageous Decision

When Mordecai learned of the impending disaster, he sent word to Esther, urging her to approach the king and plead for her people’s lives (Esther 4:7-8). This was an extremely dangerous proposition, as approaching the king without being summoned could result in death (Esther 4:11). However, Mordecai reminded her that she may have been placed in her position “for such a time as this” (Esther 4:14, NKJV).

Faced with the potential annihilation of her people, Esther exhibited great courage and faith. She asked Mordecai to gather all the Jews in Susa and fast for three days, while she and her maids would do the same. Then, she would approach the king, stating, “if I perish, I perish” (Esther 4:16, NKJV). This pivotal moment demonstrated Esther’s willingness to risk her own life to save her people.

Esther’s Petition to the King

After three days of fasting and prayer, Esther donned her royal robes and approached King Ahasuerus in his throne room (Esther 5:1-2). The king, moved by her beauty and grace, extended his golden scepter, sparing her life and offering to grant her request, even up to half of his kingdom (Esther 5:3). Esther, displaying great wisdom, did not immediately reveal her petition but invited the king and Haman to a banquet she had prepared (Esther 5:4-8).

At the banquet, the king once again asked Esther to present her request. Esther invited them to another banquet the following day, where she would reveal her petition (Esther 5:7-8). That night, the king could not sleep and, while reading the royal chronicles, discovered that Mordecai had saved him from an assassination plot but had never been rewarded (Esther 6:1-3).

The following day, at the second banquet, Esther finally revealed her Jewish identity and pleaded for her life and the lives of her people, exposing Haman’s wicked plot (Esther 7:1-6). The king, outraged, ordered Haman to be executed on the very gallows he had built for Mordecai (Esther 7:9-10). Subsequently, Mordecai was elevated to Haman’s position, and Esther and Mordecai worked together to issue a new decree allowing the Jews to defend themselves against their enemies (Esther 8:1-17). The Jews emerged victorious, and the annual festival of Purim was established to commemorate their deliverance (Esther 9:20-32).

The Legacy of Hadassah

The story of Hadassah, or Queen Esther, is a powerful testimony to the importance of faith, courage, and wisdom in the face of adversity. She is a shining example of how God can use ordinary individuals, placed in extraordinary circumstances, to bring about His purposes.

Esther’s life is a reminder that God is always at work, even in the most difficult situations. Her story encourages believers to trust in God’s sovereign plan, even when it seems impossible to comprehend. Furthermore, her example teaches us that we have a responsibility to stand up for what is right and to protect the vulnerable, regardless of the personal cost.


In conclusion, Hadassah’s story is a timeless treasure that continues to inspire and challenge us today. As we remember her unwavering faith, her courage in the face of danger, and her wisdom in dealing with complex situations, may we also strive to emulate these qualities in our own lives. In doing so, we can bring honor to God and make a lasting impact on the world around us, just as Hadassah, the woman we know as Queen Esther, did in her time.

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