Who Was Balak in the Bible?


The Bible is filled with countless fascinating characters, each with a unique story to tell. As we study the Word of God, we can uncover these stories and learn important lessons that can help us grow in our faith. One lesser-known character that we can learn a great deal from is Balak, the king of Moab, who makes his appearance in the Old Testament during the time of Moses. In this blog post, we will delve into the story of Balak, his motivations, and the lessons we can draw from his life. Join us as we explore the character of Balak through the lens of the New King James Version (NKJV) of the Bible.

As we seek to understand the story of Balak, we must first set the stage. The nation of Israel, under the leadership of Moses, had escaped from slavery in Egypt and had been wandering in the desert for many years. The Israelites were preparing to enter the Promised Land, and as they approached the land of Moab, they encountered resistance from the Moabite king, Balak. Fearful of the Israelites and their growing strength, Balak sought divine intervention to protect his people.

In his desperation, Balak turned to Balaam, a pagan prophet, to curse the Israelites and render them powerless. This decision would lead to a series of events that would reveal God’s sovereignty, challenge the faith of the Israelites, and teach us valuable lessons about the power of God’s blessings and the consequences of disobedience. So, who was Balak, and what can we learn from his story?

the Bible

Balak: The King of Moab

Balak was the king of Moab, a nation situated east of the Dead Sea. The Moabites were descendants of Lot, Abraham’s nephew, and had a long history of conflict with the Israelites. Balak’s story is primarily found in the Book of Numbers, specifically in chapters 22-24. As the Israelites approached Moab, Balak was filled with fear and dread, for he had heard of the victories they had won against the Amorites, and he knew that the Israelites were a formidable force (Numbers 22:2-3).

Seeking a Curse Against Israel

Recognizing the threat posed by the Israelites, Balak sought a way to protect his people. He decided to enlist the help of Balaam, a pagan prophet known for his ability to bless and curse through supernatural means. Balak sent a delegation to Balaam, offering him rewards and honors if he would come and curse the Israelites (Numbers 22:5-7). Balak believed that by cursing the Israelites, he could weaken them and drive them out of his land (Numbers 22:11).

God’s Response to Balak’s Plan

God, however, had other plans. He warned Balaam not to curse the Israelites, for they were a blessed people (Numbers 22:12). Despite this warning, Balak persisted in his efforts, sending a larger delegation and offering even greater rewards to Balaam. God eventually allowed Balaam to go with the delegation, but He made it clear that Balaam could only speak the words that God would put in his mouth (Numbers 22:20-21).

Balaam’s Blessings and Balak’s Frustration

Balak’s plan to curse the Israelites ultimately failed. Each time Balaam attempted to curse Israel, God intervened, and instead of curses, blessings flowed from Balaam’s mouth. Balak, in his frustration, accused Balaam of betraying him (Numbers 24:10-11). Yet, Balaam reminded Balak that he could only speak the words that God had given him (Numbers 24:12-13).

The Prophecy of a Coming King

One of the most significant blessings that Balaam spoke over Israel was a prophecy of a coming king. Balaam declared, “I see Him, but not now; I behold Him, but not near; a Star shall come out of Jacob; a Scepter shall rise out of Israel, and batter the brow of Moab, and destroy all the sons of tumult” (Numbers 24:17, NKJV). This prophecy pointed to the future Messiah, Jesus Christ, who would come to save and rule over His people.

Lessons from Balak’s Story

The story of Balak in the Bible teaches us several important lessons that we can apply to our lives today.

God’s Sovereignty and Protection

First, Balak’s failed attempts to curse the Israelites demonstrate God’s sovereignty and protection over His people. Despite the efforts of Balak and Balaam, God would not allow His chosen people to be cursed. As believers, we can take comfort in knowing that God’s protection extends to us as well. As Paul writes in Romans 8:31, “If God is for us, who can be against us?” (NKJV).

The Folly of Trusting in Man

Second, Balak’s reliance on Balaam and his pagan powers highlights the folly of trusting in man rather than in God. Balak sought help from a false prophet, only to be left frustrated and defeated. As Christians, we must be careful not to put our trust in human solutions or worldly powers but to seek God’s guidance and protection in all circumstances.

The Power of God’s Blessings

Lastly, the story of Balak and Balaam reminds us of the power of God’s blessings. No curse or human effort could overcome the blessings that God had bestowed upon the Israelites. As believers, we should be mindful of the blessings God has given us and seek to live in obedience to His will so that we may continue to experience His favor.


In conclusion, the story of Balak in the Bible offers us valuable insights into God’s character and His care for His people. Although Balak was a lesser-known figure in Scripture, his interactions with Balaam and the Israelites teach us about God’s sovereignty, the importance of trusting in Him, and the power of His blessings.

As we reflect on the story of Balak and Balaam, let us be encouraged to place our trust in God’s promises and protection, rather than seeking worldly solutions or relying on human strength. And let us also be reminded of the power of God’s blessings in our lives and the importance of living in obedience to His will.

In studying Balak’s story, we can find reassurance in the knowledge that God watches over His people and will not allow anything to stand against His purposes. May this understanding give us strength and confidence as we continue to walk in faith, following the path He has set before us.