Who Was Athaliah, Queen of Judah?
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Who Was Athaliah, Queen of Judah?

When we delve into the pages of the Bible and unpack the stories of remarkable figures, we often come across strong, determined individuals who left an indelible mark on history. Some inspire us, while others serve as reminders of the consequences of turning away from God.

One such figure that falls into the latter category is , who stands out as the only ruling queen of the Judah dynasty. With a tyrannical reign fueled by a lust for power, Athaliah serves as an intriguing biblical character that showcases the importance of staying grounded in the Lord.

For readers who might not be familiar with this story, Athaliah was the daughter of the infamous King Ahab and Queen Jezebel of Israel, and married to King Jehoram of Judah. Her story can be found in 2 Kings 11 and 2 Chronicles 22-23 (NKJV).

Following her husband’s and son’s deaths, she seized the throne for herself, going as far as murdering her own grandchildren, to ensure her grip on power. Despite her efforts, her reign was short-lived, ultimately leading to destruction and her own death.

In this article, we will delve into the dark and enthralling life of Queen Athaliah, uncovering the treacherous plots, power struggles, and ultimate downfall that marked her grip on Judah.

While examining this exciting biblical account, we will also extract valuable lessons and warnings that can help us as Christians to stay true to our faith and maintain a steadfast relationship with God. So, buckle up and join us as we journey through the pages of the Bible and the tumultuous reign of Queen Athaliah of Judah!

Who was athaliah, queen of judah?

I. Introducing Athaliah: The Infamous Queen of Judah

It is time we go back in time, to the tumultuous era of the kings and queens of Judah, and delve into the story of Athaliah, the infamous queen who reigned for six years.

As the daughter of King Ahab and Queen Jezebel of Israel, and the wife of King Jehoram of Judah, she not only inherited her parents’ insidious ways but also made a name for herself as one of the most ruthless leaders in history of the Jewish nation. The reign of Athaliah is chronicled in 2 Kings 11 and 2 Chronicles 22-23.

It is important to note the wickedness and idolatry that defined the legacy of Athaliah’s bloodline. Her parents Ahab and Jezebel, being some of the prominent idols worshipers in ancient Israel, promoted the worship of Baal and laid foundations for corruption and ungodliness in the region.

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Athaliah herself followed suit, as mentioned in 2 Chronicles 21:6, stating, “And he followed the ways of the kings of Israel, just as the house of Ahab had done, for he married a daughter of Ahab. He did evil in the sight of the Lord.” Here are some key points about her life:

  • Athaliah was the only woman to rule over Judah.
  • She murdered her own grandchildren to ensure her ascent to the throne (2 Kings 11:1; 2 Chronicles 22:10-12).
  • During her reign, she encouraged idolatry, forsaking the worship of the true God.
  • She was eventually overthrown and executed by her people (2 Kings 11:20; 2 Chronicles 23:21).

Athaliah’s story serves as a glaring reminder of how the consequences of sin and disobedience can have dire ramifications on the course of our lives and the destiny of our families.

As we learn more about her, let us also remember the importance of following God wholeheartedly and being wary of the influence of evil within our circles.

II. Ascending to Power: The Path to Athaliah’s Reign

Before delving into how Athaliah ascended to power, it is crucial to understand her background and family tree. Athaliah was the daughter of the infamous King Ahab and Queen Jezebel of Israel, known for their wickedness and worship of the false god, Baal (2 Kings 8:18, 26).

She was married to King Jehoram of Judah, who reigned for eight years before his death (2 Kings 8:25-27). This union of the royal families of Israel and Judah was unholy and ultimately influenced King Jehoram to walk in the evil ways of his wife’s family (2 Chronicles 21:6).

It is important to note that Athaliah’s rise to the throne was initiated by the wickedness within her lineage, which she continued to perpetuate.

When King Jehoram of Judah passed away, his youngest son, King Ahaziah, began to rule with Athaliah’s guidance. However, Ahaziah’s reign was brief, lasting only a year. During this time, he also followed the ways of his mother and grandfather(2 Chronicles 22:2-4).

Soon, Ahaziah found himself at war against his own people when Jehu, anointed by God, led a revolt and executed both Ahaziah and his mother’s entire family still residing in Israel (2 Kings 9:27-28; 10:1-17; 2 Chronicles 22:8-9).

With her husband and son dead, and her family wiped out in Israel, Athaliah took matters into her own hands. She brutally murdered her own grandchildren, who were heirs to the throne, solidifying her position as the queen of Judah (2 Kings 11:1; 2 Chronicles 22:10).

This grotesque move ultimately paved the way for her six-year reign, one marked by widespread idolatry and violence against the people of God.

III. Athaliah’s Rule: Controversial Decisions and Policies

During the dark years under Athaliah’s rule, she made some highly controversial decisions and policies that further led Judah away from God. When Athaliah usurped the throne in Judah after her son Ahaziah’s death, she sought to destroy the entire royal family.

In 2 Kings 11:1 (NKJV), we learn that she “destroyed all the royal heirs,” showing her determination to secure the throne for herself. However, unbeknownst to her, the infant Joash was spared, ultimately allowing for the continuation of the Davidic line.

Additionally, Athaliah allied herself with the Baal-worshiping northern kingdom of Israel, effectively encouraging the spread of idolatry in Judah contrary to the will of the Lord.

One of Athaliah’s most damaging policies involved promoting and supporting Baal worship throughout Judah. As a descendant of Ahab and Jezebel, Athaliah embraced the same pagan practices her parents sought to impose upon Israel.

Consequently, the people of Judah were led to sin as they followed the idols and false gods she introduced. According to 2 Chronicles 24:7 (NKJV), Athaliah and her sons had used God’s temple as their playhouse, and even used its sacred objects for Baal worship.

Athaliah’s treacherous rule came to an end in a swift act of judgment. Jehoiada, a priest of the Lord, led a coup to overthrow her, ultimately leading to her death and the re-establishment of proper worship and obedience to the Lord in Judah.

Despite the challenges posed by Athaliah’s rule, God’s providence and care for His people is evident through the preservation of the Davidic line and the restoration of proper worship in Judah.

IV. The Fall of a Monarch: How Athaliah’s Reign Ended

Athaliah’s reign as the queen of Judah came to a sudden, tragic end as told in the Bible in 2 Kings 11:1-21 and 2 Chronicles 22:10-23:21. The fall of this wicked monarch can be seen as an answer to the prayers of the faithful and as an assurance of God’s promises to David— that a descendant of his will sit on the throne.

Athaliah’s devious plot to usurp the throne by destroying the royal family failed when one member, Joash, was hidden away by his aunt Jehosheba to be raised in secret. Six years passed, and the appointed time drew near for Joash to reclaim his rightful place.

The priest Jehoiada, Jehosheba’s husband, orchestrated a coup to overthrow Athaliah and place Joash on the throne. The following events have led to her downfall:

  • Jehoiada summoned those in command of the military and the Carites to the temple to pledge their allegiance to the young king-to-be.
  • He divided them into three groups to guard the temple and the royal palace, ensuring security during the transition to the rightful king.
  • Joash was brought out and anointed as king, amidst cheers and the sound of trumpets.
  • Athaliah, who had not been aware of the coup, heard the noise and rushed to the scene.
  • Upon witnessing a young Joash declared as king, she tore her clothes and cried out, “Treason! Treason!”
  • Jehoiada ordered her to be brought outside the temple and be put to death, thus ending her reign of terror.

In the aftermath, Jehoiada led the people in renewing the covenant with the Lord and destroyed the pagan idols and altars scattered throughout the land. Joash’s ascension to the throne marked the end of Athaliah’s treachery and the beginning of a reign that sought after God’s will.

V. Legacy of Athaliah: Lasting Impact on the Kingdom of Judah

Athaliah’s reign over Judah, though brief, left a lasting impact on the kingdom. Her rise to power through the murder of her own grandchildren, as well as her idolatrous behavior, demonstrate the depths of her wickedness.

However, her legacy also contains a crucial turning point in Judah’s history: the reviving of the Davidic line and the restoration of the worship of the one true God.

Defiance of God’s Will: Athaliah’s rule defied God’s promise to David, as outlined in 2 Samuel 7:16, which stated, “And your house and your kingdom shall be established forever before you. Your throne shall be established forever.”

In killing her own family, she sought to snuff out the Davidic lineage and claim the throne for herself, a direct affront to God’s sovereignty. This abominable action led to divine retribution, as seen in 2 Chronicles 22:10-12 and Athaliah’s eventual death in 2 Chronicles 23:12-15.

  • Her attempt to eradicate the royal bloodline was foiled when baby Joash, the last surviving son of Ahaziah, was hidden by his aunt Jehosheba and the high priest Jehoiada.
  • Athaliah’s death at the hands of a faithful priesthood and a zealous Judahite community signaled the end of her wicked reign and the reestablishment of the Davidic dynasty through Joash.

Idolatry and False Worship: Athaliah led Judah into a spiral of idolatry and false worship. By following in the footsteps of her mother Jezebel and fostering the worship of Baal, she further defiled God’s chosen nation.

  • Her actions likely led to increased paganism in Judah and the dilution of God’s truth.
  • After her death, Jehoiada the high priest took action to renew the covenant with the Lord and rejuvenate true worship, as seen in 2 Chronicles 23:16-21.

Though her time on the throne was marked by sin and destruction, Athaliah’s demise signaled a fresh start for the kingdom of Judah, setting the stage for the renewal of their covenant with God and rekindling the hope for a righteous reign, under a Davidic king that would honor Him.


In conclusion, Athaliah’s story is a fascinating and complex piece of history that sheds light on the dynamics of female leadership, power struggles, and political intrigues during biblical times.

Though her rule was short-lived and she is often painted as a villain, Athaliah’s boldness in seizing power as a woman is a testament to her ambition and political acumen. Moreover, her turbulent reign has left lasting effects that continue to influence the modern perception of biblical history.

Coming to know , not only enriches our understanding of this intriguing historical figure but also offers us a unique lens for examining gender roles, political machinations, and ambitious rulers in the ancient world.

Pastor duke taber
Pastor Duke Taber

Pastor Duke Taber

All articles have been written or reviewed by Pastor Duke Taber.
Pastor Duke Taber is an alumnus of Life Pacific University and Multnomah Biblical Seminary.
He has been in pastoral ministry since 1988.
Today he is the owner and managing editor of 3 successful Christian websites that support missionaries around the world.
He is currently starting a brand new church in Mesquite NV called Mesquite Worship Center, a Non-Denominational Spirit Filled Christian church in Mesquite Nevada.