Who is Simon in the Bible?
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Who is Simon in the Bible?

You open your Bible searching for answers. Flipping through the pages, the name “Simon” pops up over and over again. Clearly he was an important figure, but who exactly was this Simon character? You read on to uncover the truth about this influential Bible personality.


Across the pages of scripture, several men bear the name Simon. The most prominent is Simon Peter, one of Jesus’ twelve disciples. But other Simons appear too, like Simon the Zealot and Simon the Leper. With so many sharing this common name, it can get confusing.

To bring clarity, you’ll explore the key biblical Simons – their stories, relationships, and spiritual significance. As an evangelical or charismatic Christian, you’ll gain insight into how God used regular people for His grand plan. While the name might be common, the divine purposes at work in each Simon point to the extraordinary wonder of Christ.

Key Takeaways:

  • Simon Peter is the most famous Simon, known for his boldness which eventually became rock-solid faith.
  • Simon the Zealot was a political radical who left that behind to follow Jesus.
  • Simon the Leper showed devotion to Jesus through sacrificial worship.
  • Simon the Sorcerer tried to pay for spiritual power, but Simon Peter rebuked him.
  • Simon of Cyrene was compelled to carry Jesus’ cross, which may have led him to believe.

With an open heart, you’re ready to learn how God shaped these Simons for His glory.

Simon Peter: From Impulsive to Immovable Faith

Simon Peter is the most prominent Simon in the Bible. Initially rash and unstable, he grew into a pillar of the early church. Examining his transformation helps reveal the patience and power of God.

Simon Peter’s birth name was actually Simeon or Simon bar-Jonah (Simon, son of John) as mentioned in Matthew 16:17. Jesus gave him the additional name Peter, meaning “rock” in Greek (John 1:42). This signified the steadfast faith Peter would later exhibit. But when readers first meet Peter in the gospels, “rock” hardly described his impulsive personality.

Peter’s eager and impetuous side is evident from the start. When Jesus borrowed Peter’s boat to teach from, Peter impulsively responded to Jesus’ command by putting down his nets where no fish should have been. And despite an unsuccessful night of fishing, his nets came up full, leaving Peter amazed at Jesus’ authority (Luke 5:1-11). When Jesus walked on water, Peter’s zeal made him ask to join, only to be overcome by fear (Matthew 14:28-31). Peter even firmly rejected Jesus’ prophecy that he would deny him, despite Jesus’ insistence it would happen (Matthew 26:33-35).

Yet, Jesus saw beyond Peter’s missteps and instability, discerning his loyal heart. After the miraculous catch of fish, Jesus called Peter to become a fisher of men (Luke 5:10-11). And Jesus gave Peter the foundational revelation that He was the Messiah (Matthew 16:16-18). Recognizing Peter’s devotion, Jesus made him one of the Twelve, among the core disciples who would continue Christ’s mission after His ascension (Mark 3:14-19).

After Jesus’ arrest, Peter did deny him three times, just as Jesus foretold (Matthew 26:69-75). Yet, Jesus forgave and restored Peter, affirming his love for Christ three times (John 21:15-19). When the Holy Spirit came at Pentecost, Peter emerged as a leader of the early church, preaching boldly and shepherding young believers (Acts 2:14-41). He healed the lame (Acts 3:1-10), stood up to critics (Acts 4:8-12), and fearlessly defended the Gospel (Acts 5:29-32). By God’s grace, Simon Peter grew into the “rock” Jesus prophesied.

Simon Peter’s story reminds you that following Jesus brings both blessings and tests. At times, Peter acted rashly and stumbled. Yet, through Christ’s forgiveness and the Spirit’s empowerment, he matured into a mighty man of faith. Simon Peter encourages you when your own devotion wavers. With the Spirit’s help, you too can move from shaky faith to rock-solid belief.

Simon the Zealot: From Political Radical to Devoted Disciple

While Simon Peter grew up in Galilee, another Simon hailed from Cana in Judea – Simon the Zealot. Despite their geographic distance, he too became one of Jesus’ Twelve, transforming from radical political activist to committed Christ-follower.

Simon the Zealot is listed among the twelve disciples in Matthew 10:4, Mark 3:18, Luke 6:15, and Acts 1:13. The additional label “Zealot” distinguishes him from Simon Peter. The Zealots were a first century political movement that sought to overthrow Roman rule in Judea. Some Zealot factions even endorsed violence. So Simon likely grew up opposing Roman occupation and longing to reform Jewish society.

Yet, Simon clearly broke with his former zealotry upon meeting Jesus. As a Galilean, Jesus came from a region distant from Simon’s hometown. And rather than military uprising, Jesus preached non-violence and spiritual renewal. The zeal that once drove Simon’s politics was transformed into passion for God’s kingdom under Jesus’ lordship.

Just like Peter struggled with Christ’s path, perhaps Simon wrestled between his upbringing and Jesus’ call. Ultimately, he left radicalism behind to follow the true Messiah. Once eager to overthrow Rome, now Simon the Zealot preached submission to King Jesus. Here was a man galvanized by a new vision – transforming not just Judea, but the entire world through the Good News.

Simon the Zealot’s story speaks to you if politics and activism dominate your identity. While desiring justice is good,make sure your ultimate allegiance is to Jesus, not just passingearthly causes. Let your zeal be refined like Simon’s – directedfirst toward God’s eternal purposes. Carry passion forpreaching the Gospel and making disciples of all nations. Andtrust that while human structures inevitably fade, Christ’skingdom shall never end.

Simon the Leper: Extravagant Worship and Selfless Service

Yet another noteworthy Simon appears in the Gospel accounts – Simon the Leper. He is only mentioned briefly, but demonstrates profound spiritual insight during his interaction with Jesus.

Simon the Leper is named in Matthew 26:6 and Mark 14:3. As a social outcast due to his disease,Simon would have been desperate to find healing. When he crossed paths with Jesus, he may have sought cleansing. Yet, even from the little Scripture records about Simon, it’s clear heprioritized Christ more than just deliverance from leprosy.

In Matthew and Mark, Simon hosted Jesus for dinner in Bethany. During the meal, a woman poured expensive perfume on Jesus’head in lavish adoration. Some disciples protested thisseeming waste. But Jesus commendedthe woman for properly recognizing Him as worthy of extravagantworship. Clearly Simon approved too, making space for such unrestrained devotion under his own roof (Matthew 26:6-13).

Yet Simon’s care for Jesus went beyond permitting others’ worship. The timing of this event is significant – it happenedjust before Passover when Jesus was arrested and crucified. Simon could have been afraid to associate with thecontroversial Jesus in those tense days. Instead, he courageously hosted Jesus and allowed scandalous displays of affection for Him. Simon the Leper’s actions reveal a man captivated by Christ.

Like Simon, you must prioritize pursuing Jesus above all else -including concerns for status and comfort. Jesus deserves extravagant worship, as modeling by the woman who anointed Him. Follow Simon’s example by selflessly serving God’s kingdom rather than playing it safe. Fix your eyes on honoring Christ no matter the cost. For He alone is worthy.

Simon the Sorcerer: The Peril of Counterfeit Faith

A far more troubling Simon appears in Acts 8. Simon the Sorcerer professed faith in Christ, but his heart was exposed as deceptive and greedy. His story serves as a warning about counterfeit conversion.

Simon the Sorcerer is first introduced in Acts 8:9-11. He practiced magic in Samaria and gained renown for astonishing illusions. The people revered him as having divine powers. But when Philip preached the Gospel in Samaria, many trusted in Christ – including Simon. He was baptized and followed Philip, drawn to the authentic displays of power.

Yet Simon’s old desires lingered below the surface. When he saw the apostles Peter and John impart the Holy Spirit through laying on of hands, Simon offered money, hoping to buy this spiritual authority. Peter sharply rebuked such immorality, inviting Simon to repent and plead for God’s mercy (Acts 8:18-24).

Simon the Sorcerer illustrates the danger of superficial faith. He appreciated Jesus’ miracles but lacked true repentance. At heart, Simon still craved worldly influence and magical honors. Just being around believers did not transform him. This warning applies widely today. Outward association with Christianity does not equal inward rebirth by the Spirit. The Gospel requires relinquishing old selfish desires and embracing Jesus as Lord.

Simon’s story compels self-reflection. Examine your own beliefs as the apostles tested Simon. Do you just admire Jesus’ power likeSimon, or fully enthrust your life to Him? Reject any lingering worldly sorcery corrupting your devotion. God desires wholehearted worship in spirit and truth.

Simon of Cyrene: An Unexpected Opportunity

The Gospels describe one final Simon compelled into service by grace – Simon of Cyrene. Though briefly appearing on the biblical stage, this North African pilgrim played a key role in Jesus’ final hours.

Simon of Cyrene is introduced in Matthew 27:32, Mark 15:21, and Luke 23:26. Cyrene was located in modern Libya. Simon traveled to Jerusalem for Passover when he crossed paths with Jesus. After Jesus initially carried His cross, Roman soldiers forced Simon to carry it the rest of the way to Golgotha. He was likely just a bystander selected at random.

Yet, even this fleeting encounter impacted Simon. Mark notes Simon was the father of Alexander and Rufus, well-known in the early church. So Simon likely returned home and told his family about the experience, leading them all to believe. God used an unwilling act of service to open Simon’s eyes to Jesus’ true identity.

In your walk with Christ, you may feel like Simon sometimes – caught in uncomfortable situations. When life feels random or out of control, remember nothing takes God by surprise. Be ready like Simon to serve however needed. Even mundane actions can deepen faith when done for God’s glory. Do not let busyness or disruption limit worship. Wherever you are, be available for God to use you in His grand plan.

Conclusion: Common Name, Uncommon Purpose

The Bible features several men named Simon, with the most famous being Simon Peter. While they varied greatly, God used each one in His redemptive narrative. Every Simon has a meaningful place in Scripture.

These stories remind you not to make hasty judgments based on outward traits – whether temperament, backgrounds, or even name. Rather, look for how God transforms lives from the inside out. Just like He molded these ordinary Simons for extraordinary purposes, He wants to shape you into a unique witness for Christ.

Read about each Simon again and identify the one you relate to most right now. Are you prone to extremes like passionate Peter? Do you need to refocus zeal like Simon the Zealot? Is God calling you out of complacency like Simon the Leper? Does a Simon’s story expose false idols you must renounce? As you align your life more closely with Christ, you never know how God may use you in His plan.

So next time you stumble upon the name Simon in the Bible, remember the legacy of these faithful men. While the world may overlook them as minor characters, their lives showcase God’s grace. More than a familiar name, each Simon shows how God chooses the ordinary and makes it extraordinary.

Pastor Duke Taber
Pastor Duke Taber

Pastor Duke Taber

All articles have been written or reviewed by Pastor Duke Taber.
Pastor Duke Taber is an alumnus of Life Pacific University and Multnomah Biblical Seminary.
He has been in pastoral ministry since 1988.
Today he is the owner and managing editor of 3 successful Christian websites that support missionaries around the world.
He is currently starting a brand new church in Mesquite NV called Mesquite Worship Center, a Non-Denominational Spirit Filled Christian church in Mesquite Nevada.