Who is Agur in the Bible: A Brief Overview
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Who is Agur in the Bible: A Brief Overview

Agur is a relatively unknown figure in the Bible, yet his words have been preserved in the book of Proverbs. The exact identity of Agur is uncertain, but some scholars believe he may have been a wise man or a prophet. Regardless of who he was, his words provide valuable insights into wisdom and the fear of the Lord.

In Proverbs 30, Agur shares a collection of sayings that offer practical advice for daily living.

He begins by acknowledging his own limitations and the greatness of God, stating, “Surely I am more stupid than any man, and do not have the understanding of a man. I neither learned wisdom nor have knowledge of the Holy One” (Proverbs 30:2-3 NKJV).

This humility sets the stage for his teachings, which emphasize the importance of seeking wisdom and living in obedience to God’s commands.

As we explore the words of Agur in the book of Proverbs, we can gain a deeper understanding of what it means to live a life of wisdom and honor before God.

Whether we are seeking guidance for our personal lives or seeking to grow in our relationship with the Lord, the teachings of Agur offer valuable insights and practical advice that can help us on our journey.

Who is agur in the bible: a brief overview


Agur is a figure mentioned in the book of Proverbs in the Old Testament of the Bible. The book of Proverbs is a collection of wise sayings and teachings attributed to King Solomon and other wise men. Agur is believed to be one of these wise men, although his identity is not entirely clear.

Agur’s Identity

Agur is described as the son of Jakeh in Proverbs 30:1. However, there is little information available about Jakeh, and it is unclear whether he was a historical figure or simply a literary device. Some scholars believe that Jakeh may have been a title or a clan name rather than a personal name.

The name Agur is a Hebrew name that means “gatherer” or “collector.” This has led some to speculate that Agur may have been a scribe or a collector of proverbs. Others have suggested that he may have been a prophet, as his words in Proverbs 30:1-33 contain several references to God and the divine.

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Despite the uncertainty surrounding Agur’s identity, his words in Proverbs are considered to be valuable teachings on wisdom and morality. The book of Proverbs has been widely read and studied by Christians throughout history, and Agur’s contributions to the book are an important part of its message.

Agur’s Sayings

Agur is a relatively unknown figure in the Bible, but he is credited with writing one of the most profound and beautiful sections of the book of Proverbs. His sayings are found in Proverbs chapter 30, and they offer a unique perspective on life and wisdom.

Proverbs 30:1-6

In this section, Agur humbly acknowledges his own limitations and ignorance, recognizing that only God has true wisdom and understanding.

He asks rhetorical questions about who has gone up to heaven and come back down, who has gathered the wind in their fists, and who has bound the waters in a garment. These questions emphasize the greatness and power of God, and the need for humility and reverence in seeking wisdom.

Proverbs 30:7-9

Agur prays for God to give him neither poverty nor riches, but just enough to sustain him. He recognizes that both poverty and wealth can lead to temptation and sin, and that true contentment comes from a balanced and moderate life.

He also asks for God to keep him from lying and dishonesty, recognizing the importance of integrity and honesty in all areas of life.

Proverbs 30:10-14

In this section, Agur warns against the dangers of greed and selfishness. He describes a generation of people who curse their parents, are arrogant and self-righteous, and are never satisfied. He warns that such people will come to a bad end and will be consumed by their own greed.

Proverbs 30:15-16

Agur uses a series of metaphors to describe the insatiable appetite of the leech, the barren womb, and the earth that is never satisfied with water. These images emphasize the danger of uncontrolled desire and the importance of self-control and moderation.

Proverbs 30:17

Agur describes the fate of those who mock their parents or ignore their elders. He warns that such people will be punished and will suffer a terrible fate.

Proverbs 30:18-19

Agur uses two more metaphors to describe the mystery and wonder of creation. He compares the way of an eagle in the sky and the way of a serpent on a rock to the way of a man with a virgin.

These images emphasize the beauty and complexity of God’s creation, and the importance of respecting and valuing all aspects of life.

Proverbs 30:20

Agur warns against the dangers of adultery, describing it as stealing bread and hiding it under one’s garment. He recognizes the destructive nature of such behavior and urges people to avoid it at all costs.

Proverbs 30:21-23

Agur describes four things that are never satisfied: the grave, a barren womb, the earth that is not filled with water, and fire that never says, “Enough.” These images emphasize the importance of contentment and moderation in all areas of life.

Proverbs 30:24-28

In this section, Agur uses a series of metaphors to describe the wisdom and strength of small creatures. He describes the ants, the rock badgers, the locusts, and the spider as examples of creatures that are small but wise and strong.

These images emphasize the importance of humility and the recognition that even small things can be sources of great wisdom and strength.

Proverbs 30:29-31

Agur describes four things that move with stately bearing: the lion, the greyhound, the male goat, and the king. He recognizes the strength and power of these creatures and emphasizes the importance of recognizing and respecting authority and leadership.

Proverbs 30:32-33

Agur warns against the dangers of pride and arrogance, recognizing that they lead to conflict and strife. He encourages humility and the recognition of one’s own limitations, recognizing that such attitudes lead to peace and harmony.

Overall, Agur’s sayings offer a unique perspective on wisdom and life, emphasizing the importance of humility, contentment, self-control, and respect for all aspects of creation. They are a valuable addition to the book of Proverbs and offer a powerful message for all who seek wisdom and understanding.

Agur’s Wisdom

Agur is a relatively unknown figure in the Bible, mentioned only in Proverbs 30. However, his words of wisdom have made a lasting impact on readers throughout the ages. Agur’s wisdom can be divided into several categories.

Wisdom on God

Agur acknowledges that God is the creator of all things and that His word is true (Proverbs 30:5-6). He warns against adding to or taking away from God’s word and encourages readers to trust in the Lord (Proverbs 30:7-9).

Wisdom on Riches and Poverty

Agur recognizes the dangers of both wealth and poverty. He prays for “neither poverty nor riches” but “give me only my daily bread” (Proverbs 30:8). He warns against the temptation to steal or deny God in order to gain wealth (Proverbs 30:9).

Wisdom on Animals

Agur uses the example of four animals to illustrate important qualities: the ant, the rock badger, the locust, and the spider (Proverbs 30:24-28). Each of these animals possesses wisdom that can be applied to human behavior.

Wisdom on Anger and Falsehood

Agur warns against the dangers of anger and falsehood. He advises readers to remove anger from their hearts and to speak truthfully (Proverbs 30:33).

Wisdom on Humility and Greed

Agur recognizes the importance of humility and warns against the dangers of greed. He encourages readers to be content with what they have and to avoid the temptation to exalt themselves (Proverbs 30:32).

In conclusion, Agur’s wisdom provides valuable insights on a variety of topics, including God, riches and poverty, animals, anger and falsehood, and humility and greed. His words continue to inspire and challenge readers to this day.

Agur’s Associates

Agur is a mysterious figure in the Bible, and not much is known about him. However, there are a few references to his associates, Ithiel and Ucal, which may provide some insight into who he was.


In Proverbs 30:1, Agur identifies himself as “the son of Jakeh” and then asks, “Who is Ithiel?” It is possible that Ithiel was Agur’s son or a close friend. However, the exact relationship between Agur and Ithiel is unclear.


In the same verse, Agur also asks, “Who is Ucal?” Again, the relationship between Agur and Ucal is unknown. Some scholars believe that Ucal may have been another son of Agur, while others suggest that Ucal may have been a close friend or associate.

It is interesting to note that in the Hebrew language, the name Ucal means “able” or “mighty.” This has led some to speculate that Ucal may have been a prominent figure in his own right.

Overall, the references to Ithiel and Ucal in Proverbs 30:1 suggest that Agur was not a solitary figure, but was instead part of a community of like-minded individuals. However, beyond these references, little is known about Agur or his associates.

Agur’s Symbolic Names

In Proverbs 30, Agur is described as a man of wisdom who shares his insights in a series of riddles. However, Agur is also known for the symbolic names he uses throughout his writing. These names provide deeper meaning to his words and help us understand his message.

Tan and Yaqeh

Agur begins his writing by describing himself as “the son of Jakeh” (Proverbs 30:1 NKJV). The name “Jakeh” means “obedient” or “submissive,” and it is likely that Agur is using this name to express his humility and willingness to listen to God’s voice.

Agur also uses the name “Tan” in his writing, which means “to give” or “to distribute.” This name may represent Agur’s desire to share his wisdom with others and to help them grow in their understanding of God’s truth.

Mash and Massa

Later in Proverbs 30, Agur uses the names “Mash” and “Massa” to describe two groups of people. The name “Mash” means “burden,” and Agur uses it to describe those who are weighed down by the cares of this world. These are people who are focused on material possessions and worldly success, rather than on God.

On the other hand, the name “Massa” means “oracle” or “prophecy,” and Agur uses it to describe those who are focused on God’s truth and are seeking to live according to His will. These are people who are not burdened by the cares of this world, but who are instead focused on eternal things.

Symbolic Name

Overall, Agur’s use of symbolic names adds depth and meaning to his writing. By using these names, he helps us understand the character of the people he is describing and the message he is trying to convey.

Agur’s Commentary

Agur is a relatively unknown figure in the Bible, but his commentary in Proverbs 30 provides valuable insights into wisdom and understanding. In this section, we will explore Agur’s commentary and its significance.

Bible Commentaries

Agur’s commentary can be found in Proverbs 30:1-33. In this passage, Agur shares his wisdom and understanding with the reader. He begins by acknowledging his lack of knowledge and understanding, stating that he is “more stupid than any man” (Proverbs 30:2 NKJV).

However, he goes on to share his insights, which are both profound and practical.

Hitchcock’s Bible Names Dictionary

Hitchcock’s Bible Names Dictionary provides additional insight into the meaning of Agur’s name. According to Hitchcock, Agur means “gatherer” or “collector.” This is significant because Agur’s commentary is a collection of wisdom and understanding that he has gathered over time.

Smith’s Bible Dictionary

Smith’s Bible Dictionary provides further context for Agur’s commentary. According to Smith, Agur was a wise man who lived in the time of King Solomon. He was likely a contemporary of Solomon and may have been a member of his court.

Easton’s Bible Dictionary

Easton’s Bible Dictionary provides additional information about Agur’s commentary. According to Easton, Agur’s commentary is a numerical proverb.

This means that it uses numerical patterns to convey its message. For example, Agur lists four things that are never satisfied, three things that are too wonderful for him, and three things that are too amazing for him.

Numerical Proverb

Agur’s numerical proverb is one of the most interesting aspects of his commentary. He uses numerical patterns to convey his message in a memorable and impactful way.

For example, he lists four things that are never satisfied: the grave, the barren womb, the earth that is not satisfied with water, and the fire that never says, “Enough!” (Proverbs 30:15-16 NKJV).

In conclusion, Agur’s commentary in Proverbs 30 provides valuable insights into wisdom and understanding. His use of numerical patterns makes his message both memorable and impactful. Although relatively unknown, Agur’s wisdom is an important part of the Bible’s teachings on wisdom and understanding.


In conclusion, Agur remains a mysterious figure in the Bible. Despite being mentioned only once in the book of Proverbs, his teachings and contributions have left a lasting impact on Christian teachings and resources.

Agur’s reverence for God and his wisdom in seeking knowledge and understanding serve as an inspiration for Christians today.

While some scholars speculate that Agur may have been a pedestrian or a contributor to the book of Proverbs, the Bible does not provide enough evidence to support these claims. However, his letter in Proverbs 30:1-33 provides valuable insights into the importance of humility, honesty, and trust in God.

As Christians, we can learn from Agur’s teachings and strive to live a life that honors God. By seeking wisdom and understanding, we can grow in our faith and become better disciples of Christ.

Pastor duke taber
Pastor Duke Taber

Pastor Duke Taber

All articles have been written or reviewed by Pastor Duke Taber.
Pastor Duke Taber is an alumnus of Life Pacific University and Multnomah Biblical Seminary.
He has been in pastoral ministry since 1988.
Today he is the owner and managing editor of 3 successful Christian websites that support missionaries around the world.
He is currently starting a brand new church in Mesquite NV called Mesquite Worship Center, a Non-Denominational Spirit Filled Christian church in Mesquite Nevada.