What is the Scofield Reference Bible?
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What is the Scofield Reference Bible?


The Bible has been the source of wisdom, guidance, and inspiration for millions of believers across the world for centuries. As Christians, we are called to meditate on God’s Word and allow it to transform our lives.

Over time, various resources have been developed to help believers in their study and understanding of the Scriptures. One such resource, renowned for its influential role in shaping modern evangelical thought, is the Scofield Reference Bible.

In this blog post, we will explore the origin, significance, and impact of the Scofield Reference Bible, and how it can aid believers in their quest for biblical understanding.

The Scofield Reference Bible, first published in 1909 by Oxford University Press, is a study Bible annotated by American theologian and pastor Cyrus Ingerson Scofield. This Bible has been a staple in the homes and libraries of evangelical Christians for over a century.

Its unique features, such as dispensationalist theology, comprehensive cross-references, and concise commentary notes, have made it an invaluable resource for believers seeking to deepen their knowledge of Scripture.

In the following sections, we will delve into the history and features of the Scofield Reference Bible, and evaluate its relevance for Christians today.

What is the scofield reference bible?

History of the Scofield Reference Bible

Cyrus Ingerson Scofield, born in 1843, was a Civil War veteran, lawyer, and pastor who became a significant figure in the evangelical movement of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. His conversion to Christianity in 1879 marked a turning point in his life, and he went on to serve as a pastor at various congregations.

Over the years, Scofield developed a systematic approach to understanding the Bible, which culminated in the publication of the Scofield Reference Bible.

The initial publication in 1909 was based on the King James Version (KJV) of the Bible. Later editions, including the 1967 New Scofield Reference Bible and the 1984 New King James Version (NKJV) Scofield Study Bible, have incorporated updated language and additional features to enhance the study experience.

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Dispensationalism in the Scofield Reference Bible

One of the most distinctive features of the Scofield Reference Bible is its presentation of dispensationalism – a theological framework that interprets the Bible as divided into distinct eras or “dispensations” during which God relates to humanity in different ways.

Dispensationalism, which was popularized by John Nelson Darby in the 19th century, seeks to establish a clear distinction between Israel and the Church and emphasizes a literal interpretation of biblical prophecy.

Scofield’s dispensationalist theology is evident in his notes and cross-references throughout the Bible. For example, in his note on Genesis 1:28, Scofield identifies the first dispensation as “Innocence,” explaining that Adam and Eve’s sin in the Garden of Eden marked the end of this era (Genesis 3).

Similarly, he identifies the dispensation of the Law, beginning with the giving of the Ten Commandments to Moses on Mount Sinai (Exodus 19-20; NKJV) and ending with the crucifixion of Jesus Christ (Matthew 27; NKJV).

Cross-references and Commentary Notes

In addition to dispensationalist theology, the Scofield Reference Bible includes a wealth of cross-references and commentary notes designed to assist readers in their study of Scripture. The cross-references link related passages throughout the Bible, enabling readers to explore themes and concepts in greater depth.

For instance, a cross-reference on John 3:16 (NKJV) directs readers to Romans 5:8, which expounds on God’s love for humanity demonstrated through the sacrifice of His Son.

Scofield’s commentary notes offer concise insights into the biblical text, providing historical, cultural, and theological context to enhance readers’ understanding. These notes are particularly helpful for readers who may be unfamiliar with certain biblical customs, languages, or concepts.

For example, Scofield’s note on Matthew 5:5 (NKJV) explains the termmeek” as denoting those who have a gentle and humble spirit, rather than the common misconception of weakness or timidity.

The Scofield Reference Bible’s Impact on Evangelicalism

The Scofield Reference Bible has had a profound and lasting impact on evangelicalism, particularly in the United States. Its dispensationalist theology and emphasis on biblical prophecy have influenced generations of preachers, theologians, and laypeople.

The popularity of the Scofield Reference Bible has contributed to the widespread acceptance of dispensationalism within American evangelical circles, shaping the development of contemporary eschatological beliefs such as the pre-tribulation rapture and the millennial reign of Christ.

While some critics argue that Scofield’s dispensationalist framework oversimplifies biblical interpretation and imposes an artificial structure onto the Scriptures, many evangelical Christians appreciate the clarity and coherence it offers.

The Scofield Reference Bible has played a significant role in the growth of dispensationalism as a popular theological perspective, and its legacy continues to shape evangelical thought today.

Relevance for Christians Today

The Scofield Reference Bible remains an important resource for Christians seeking to grow in their understanding of Scripture. Its extensive cross-references and insightful commentary notes provide valuable guidance for readers as they navigate the complexities of the biblical text.

Additionally, the Scofield Reference Bible serves as an introduction to dispensationalist theology, offering a systematic approach to understanding the Scriptures that continues to resonate with many believers.

However, it is important for Christians to approach the Scofield Reference Bible with discernment, recognizing that its dispensationalist framework represents one perspective among many within the broader Christian tradition.

Engaging with multiple viewpoints and interpretations can enrich our understanding of Scripture and foster a deeper appreciation for the diversity of thought within the Christian faith.


The Scofield Reference Bible has had a significant and enduring impact on the study of Scripture and the development of evangelical thought over the past century.

Its dispensationalist theology, cross-references, and commentary notes have provided generations of believers with valuable tools for understanding the Bible and growing in their faith.

As Christians today, we can benefit from engaging with the Scofield Reference Bible as a resource for biblical study, while also recognizing the importance of exploring multiple perspectives and interpretations.

By doing so, we can deepen our understanding of Scripture, cultivate a richer faith, and more effectively bear witness to the transforming power of God’s Word in our lives.

In the words of the Apostle Paul, “All Scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness, that the man of God may be complete, thoroughly equipped for every good work” (2 Timothy 3:16-17; NKJV).

May the Scofield Reference Bible, along with other valuable study resources, aid us in our pursuit of a deeper relationship with God and a greater understanding of His Word.

Pastor duke taber
Pastor Duke Taber

Pastor Duke Taber

All articles have been written or reviewed by Pastor Duke Taber.
Pastor Duke Taber is an alumnus of Life Pacific University and Multnomah Biblical Seminary.
He has been in pastoral ministry since 1988.
Today he is the owner and managing editor of 3 successful Christian websites that support missionaries around the world.
He is currently starting a brand new church in Mesquite NV called Mesquite Worship Center, a Non-Denominational Spirit Filled Christian church in Mesquite Nevada.