What is the Metanarrative of the Bible?


The Bible tells the sweeping story of God’s plan throughout history to redeem and restore humanity and all of creation. From Genesis to Revelation, the overarching narrative moves from original creation to humanity’s fall into sin, God’s promise of salvation, the coming of Jesus Christ as Savior, the growth of the church, and finally the return of Christ and the full realization of God’s kingdom. At the heart of this grand narrative is the redemptive work of Jesus to save people from sin and restore them to relationship with God.

Key takeaways:

  • The Bible contains an overarching story from creation to new creation.
  • This metanarrative moves through the stages of creation, fall, redemption, and restoration.
  • The focus is on God’s plan to redeem and restore humanity from sin.
  • Jesus Christ is the fulfillment of God’s promises of salvation.
  • The growth of the church carries on Jesus’ redemptive work until His return.
  • In the end, God’s kingdom will be fully established for eternity.

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What is the Metanarrative of the Bible?


The Bible opens with the majestic account of God creating the heavens, the earth, and everything in them in six days (Gen 1:1-31). God pronounces His creative work “very good” (Gen 1:31), and the original creation is characterized by order, purpose, and the flourishing of life. The pinnacle of creation is when God makes humanity, male and female, in His own image and grants them dominion over the earth (Gen 1:26-30). God places the first man and woman, Adam and Eve, in the Garden of Eden and gives them the freedom to eat from any tree except the tree of the knowledge of good and evil (Gen 2:8-17). At this early stage, humanity lives in perfect communion with God, one another, and creation.

The Fall

The harmony of creation is shattered when Adam and Eve rebel against God’s command and eat the forbidden fruit (Gen 3:1-7). Sin entering the world has catastrophic consequences. The intimate relationship between God and humans is broken as Adam and Eve hide from God’s presence in shame and fear (Gen 3:8-10). Pain, difficulty, and death enter human experience as God curses the ground and expels Adam and Eve from the garden (Gen 3:16-24). Humanity’s fall into sin also brings damage to relationships between people and creation itself. The original goodness of the created order is now distorted by the curse of sin.

God’s Promised Salvation

While the fallout from human sin is dire, the story does not end there. In one of the first whispers of the redemptive metanarrative, God promises that the offspring of Eve will crush the serpent (Gen 3:15). God then graciously clothes Adam and Eve (Gen 3:21), preventing them from remaining eternally separated from Him. This begins the unfolding of God’s plan to undo the curse of sin over creation and restore humanity to Himself.

Throughout the Old Testament, God forms a covenant relationship with His chosen people Israel. Through the giving of the Law, the building of the tabernacle and temple, and the establishment of a sacrificial system, God reveals His holiness and makes a way for sinful people to approach Him. God promises Abraham that through his offspring all the nations will be blessed (Gen 12:1-3; 15:1-6), indicating that Israel has a redemptive role centering on a promised descendant. The Old Testament writings are filled with prophecies and anticipations of a coming Messiah from the line of David who will bring salvation from sin, restore the kingdom, and accomplish ultimate redemption (Isa 9:6-7; 11:1-5; 53; Jer 23:5-6; Mic 5:2-4).

Jesus Christ, Savior and Redeemer

The entire Old Testament is building momentum to the arrival of this long-awaited Savior. The four Gospels recount the incarnation of this promised Messiah in the person of Jesus Christ, who is the Son of God in human flesh (Matt 1:18-25; Mark 1:1; Luke 1:26-38; John 1:14). Jesus’ sinless life, miraculous ministry, and authoritative teaching manifest that the kingdom of God has come in Him. Most importantly, Jesus achieves salvation for humankind by dying as an atoning sacrifice for sins on the cross and being bodily resurrected from the grave, decisively breaking the power of sin and death (Matt 28; Mark 16; Luke 24; John 20). By grace through faith in Christ, humans can be forgiven, saved from condemnation, and reconciled to God (John 3:16-17; Rom 3:21-26; Eph 2:8-9). Both Jews and Gentiles who believe in Jesus become part of God’s people, the church (Rom 1:16; 9:24-26; 10:12-13; Gal 3:7-9, 28-29).

The Growth of the Church

After Jesus ascends to heaven, the book of Acts narrates the coming of the Holy Spirit at Pentecost and the founding of the church (Acts 1-2). Empowered by the Spirit, the disciples preach the gospel and perform signs and wonders in Jesus’ name (Acts 3-5). Through the ministry of early apostles like Peter and Paul, the church expands beyond Jerusalem both to the Jews and increasingly to Gentile converts across the Roman Empire (Acts 6-28). Paul’s missionary journeys and letters contribute key theology on salvation, righteousness, freedom from the law, unity within the diversely-gifted body of Christ, and transformed holy living in grateful response to God’s mercy. As believers multiply, local churches are established across the known world.

Christ’s Return and Final Restoration

The New Testament epistles provide practical guidance for living faithfully in anticipation of Christ’s return. God’s redemptive plan for creation will culminate in the future consummation of Jesus’ kingdom. The resurrected Christ will come back, the dead will be raised, and all people will be judged (Matt 25:31-46; John 5:25-29). Faithful believers will be granted eternal life in a newly restored creation, while those who reject Christ face eternal condemnation (Matt 25:46; 1 Thes 4:13-18). The book of Revelation depicts Jesus’ second coming as King of kings to overcome evil and establish the New Jerusalem as a beautiful, idyllic city where God dwells with His people and creation is made completely new (Rev 19:11-21:8). After this final judgment, there will be no more sin, suffering, or death, and redeemed humanity will worship God perfectly forever in the fullness of His glory. The metanarrative comes full circle as God’s original purposes are accomplished, and He dwells face-to-face with His resurrected people in a restored Edenic paradise (Rev 21:1-4; 22:1-5).

The Metanarrative’s Significance for Meaning

What does this overarching biblical story mean for our lives today? As humans, we are all deeply affected by the fall and curse of sin. We are alienated from God, subject to suffering and death, and unable to save ourselves. The metanarrative’s answer to the problem of sin is the good news of salvation through Jesus’ atoning work. By grace we can be rescued from sin, reconciled to our Creator, and given eternal hope beyond the grave. The Spirit enables us to participate in God’s redemptive purposes on earth while we await the full realization of Jesus’ kingdom. The biblical metanarrative provides a meaningful cosmic framework to understand God’s unfolding plan and our place in the story. The grand narrative arcade from original creation to new creation gives hope, direction, and purpose for our lives.

The Metanarrative’s Significance for Identity

The biblical story also profoundly shapes our identity as God’s people. We were created in His image as the pinnacle of His good creation. By saving us, God restores the sacred dignity and value of human life in the midst of a fallen world. We identify as those chosen and beloved by God, saved by His grace, called to bear Christ’s image, and commissioned with His redemptive mission. The metanarrative also gives spiritual family identity. Through faith we are adopted into God’s household and belong to the global church community across time and space. The Bible’s unfolding story of redemption tells us who we are, whose we are, and why we are here.


From Genesis to Revelation, the Bible tells the astounding, unified story of the Creator God on a mission to redeem and restore humanity and all of creation. This metanarrative moves through the stages of creation, fall, redemption, and final restoration. The turning point is Jesus Christ, God in human flesh, whose incarnation, life, death for sin, resurrection, and ascension fulfill God’s promises to save people from sin and defeat death. By grace through faith in Christ, humans can be rescued from condemnation and reconciled with God.

The church continues Jesus’ redemptive mission empowered by the Spirit until He returns. At Christ’s second coming, there will be a final resurrection and judgment. God will purge away all sin, evil, and death and live face-to-face with redeemed resurrected humanity in a renewed creation. This epic narrative provides meaning, identity, and purpose for our lives today. As we place our faith in Jesus, we participate in God’s grand story of redemption, restoration, and eternal hope.

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