What is the 6th Commandment in the Bible?


The Ten Commandments hold a special place in the hearts of Christians across the globe, as they form the backbone of our moral values and the guiding principles of our faith. The Ten Commandments, originally given by God to Moses on Mount Sinai, are recorded in the Bible in the book of Exodus (20:1-17) and the book of Deuteronomy (5:6-21). These commandments are not only vital to the Jewish faith, but also to Christianity, as they provide a roadmap for our relationship with God and with one another. The 6th commandment, in particular, is a fundamental pillar of human morality and Christian ethics.

In this blog post, we will explore the 6th commandment in depth, delving into its meaning, significance, and implications for our daily lives. We will discuss its relevance in both the Old and New Testaments, as well as how it pertains to our relationships and interactions with others. By the end of this post, you will have a deeper understanding of the 6th commandment and its importance in the Christian faith.

What is the 6th Commandment in the Bible?

The 6th Commandment: “You Shall Not Murder”

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The 6th commandment is found in Exodus 20:13 (NKJV), which simply states, “You shall not murder.” This commandment, though brief in wording, carries a profound meaning and is a cornerstone of human ethics. It emphasizes the sanctity of human life, as it is a gift from God, and we are called to respect and cherish it. It teaches us that we should not take another person’s life unjustly, as this is a direct affront to God, who is the creator and sustainer of life.

Understanding the Commandment in the Old Testament Context

In the Old Testament, the Hebrew word for “murder” used in this commandment is “ratsach,” which specifically refers to the unlawful and intentional killing of another human being. It is important to note that the commandment does not forbid all forms of killing, such as in self-defense, capital punishment, or war, but rather focuses on the unjust taking of life.

Numbers 35:16-21 (NKJV) provides clear guidelines for distinguishing between murder and other forms of killing, stating, “But if he strikes him with an iron implement, so that he dies, he is a murderer; the murderer shall surely be put to death…or if he strikes him with a stone in hand, by which one could die, and he does die, he is a murderer; the murderer shall surely be put to death.”

Jesus’ Teaching on the 6th Commandment

Jesus, in the Sermon on the Mount, sheds new light on the 6th commandment, broadening its scope to include not just physical acts of violence, but also our thoughts and emotions. In Matthew 5:21-22 (NKJV), Jesus states, “You have heard that it was said to those of old, ‘You shall not murder, and whoever murders will be in danger of the judgment.’ But I say to you that whoever is angry with his brother without a cause shall be in danger of the judgment.”

Here, Jesus emphasizes the importance of the heart and mind in our actions, teaching that harboring anger and resentment towards others is a violation of the 6th commandment, as it can lead to destructive behavior and ultimately, murder. He calls on us to not only refrain from taking another’s life but also to strive for peace and reconciliation in our relationships.

The Sanctity of Human Life

The 6th commandment underscores the sanctity of human life, as it is created in the image of God (Genesis 1:27, NKJV). Every human being, regardless of race, gender, or social status, has inherent worth and dignity. This commandment reminds us to respect and value all life, as each person is a unique creation of God. In doing so, we honor God Himself, who is the giver and sustainer of life.

Our responsibility to uphold the sanctity of life extends beyond refraining from murder or violence. As Christians, we are called to actively promote a culture of life, which includes caring for the weak, the vulnerable, and the marginalized in society. This can manifest in various ways, such as advocating for the rights of the unborn, supporting efforts to end human trafficking, or assisting those suffering from poverty and injustice.

The 6th Commandment and Personal Relationships

The 6th commandment has significant implications for our personal relationships, as it calls us to foster love, forgiveness, and understanding with those around us. Ephesians 4:31-32 (NKJV) encourages us to “let all bitterness, wrath, anger, clamor, and evil speaking be put away from you, with all malice. And be kind to one another, tenderhearted, forgiving one another, even as God in Christ forgave you.”

In adhering to the 6th commandment, we must strive to resolve conflicts peacefully and pursue reconciliation with others. This means setting aside pride, admitting our faults, and seeking forgiveness when necessary. By doing so, we create an environment where love and unity can thrive, allowing us to grow closer to God and one another.


In conclusion, the 6th commandment, “You shall not murder,” serves as a foundational principle of Christian ethics and human morality. It emphasizes the sanctity of human life, reminding us that each person is created in the image of God and has inherent worth and dignity. By respecting and valuing all life, we honor God, who is the creator and sustainer of life.

The teachings of Jesus in the Sermon on the Mount further illuminate the 6th commandment, calling us to examine not only our actions but also our hearts and minds. By striving to rid ourselves of anger, resentment, and bitterness, we can foster a culture of love, forgiveness, and reconciliation in our personal relationships and communities.

As followers of Christ, it is our duty to uphold the 6th commandment, not only by refraining from murder and violence but also by actively promoting a culture of life and nurturing healthy, loving relationships. By doing so, we can draw closer to God and live in a way that truly reflects His love and grace in our world.

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