What is Sodomy in the Bible?
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What is Sodomy in the Bible?


Sodomy is a term that has been widely debated, and its meaning has evolved over the years. Within the Christian community, it is often associated with non-procreative sexual acts, particularly those acts that were deemed sinful by biblical standards.

This post will delve into the biblical context of sodomy, as well as explore the perspectives of the Old and New Testaments on this issue.

The word “sodomy” comes from the story of Sodom and Gomorrah, two cities mentioned in the Bible that were destroyed by God due to their wickedness. The primary reference to sodomy in the Bible is found in the story of Sodom and Gomorrah in Genesis 19.

While the specific sins that led to the destruction of these cities are not explicitly named, the term has become synonymous with particular sexual acts.

By examining the relevant biblical passages and understanding the cultural context in which these stories were written, we can better appreciate the Bible’s teachings on sodomy and apply these lessons to our lives.

To that end, this blog post will provide an in-depth analysis of the story of Sodom and Gomorrah, as well as examine additional biblical passages that shed light on the subject.

Sodomy in the bible

The Story of Sodom and Gomorrah

Genesis 19 tells the story of Sodom and Gomorrah, two cities that were destroyed by God due to their extreme wickedness. Lot, a righteous man who lived in Sodom, welcomed two angels into his home as guests.

The men of the city, upon seeing the angels, surrounded Lot’s house and demanded that he bring out his guests so that they could “know” them (Genesis 19:5, NKJV). The term “know” is often interpreted as a euphemism for sexual relations.

Lot, in an attempt to protect his guests, offered his two virgin daughters to the men of the city, imploring them to “do to them as you please” (Genesis 19:8, NKJV). The men refused, and the angels struck them with blindness.

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The angels then informed Lot that they had been sent by God to destroy the city due to its wickedness and urged Lot and his family to flee before the destruction began.

The Sin of Sodom

While the specific sins of Sodom and Gomorrah are not explicitly named in Genesis 19, other biblical passages provide some insight into the nature of their wickedness. In Ezekiel 16:49-50, the prophet Ezekiel states:

“Look, this was the iniquity of your sister Sodom: She and her daughter had pride, fullness of food, and abundance of idleness; neither did she strengthen the hand of the poor and needy. And they were haughty and committed abomination before Me; therefore I took them away as I saw fit.” (NKJV)

Here, the sin of Sodom is described as pride, gluttony, and neglect of the poor and needy, as well as the commission of unspecified “abominations.”

In the New Testament, the Apostle Paul, when discussing sexual immorality, references the story of Sodom in Romans 1:24-27:

“Therefore God also gave them up to uncleanness, in the lusts of their hearts, to dishonor their bodies among themselves, who exchanged the truth of God for the lie, and worshiped and served the creature rather than the Creator, who is blessed forever. Amen. For this reason, God gave them up to vile passions. For even their women exchanged the natural use for what is against nature. Likewise also the men, leaving the natural use of the woman, burned in their lust for one another, men with men committing what is shameful, and receiving in themselves the penalty of their error which was due.” (NKJV)

In this passage, Paul condemns a variety of sexual acts that he considers unnatural and shameful, including same-sex relations. The connection between the story of Sodom and sexual immorality is further solidified by Paul’s description of these acts as “vile passions.”

Other Biblical References to Sodomy

In addition to the passages mentioned above, the term “sodomy” appears in several other parts of the Bible, often in the context of legal codes and moral teachings.

For example, in Leviticus 18:22 and 20:13, the Old Testament law prohibits men from lying with other men as they would with women, stating that such acts are an “abomination.”

The story of Sodom and Gomorrah is also referenced in the New Testament by Jesus and the Apostles. In Matthew 10:14-15, Jesus compares the fate of those who reject His message to the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah, stating:

“And whoever will not receive you nor hear your words, when you depart from that house or city, shake off the dust from your feet. Assuredly, I say to you, it will be more tolerable for the land of Sodom and Gomorrah in the day of judgment than for that city!” (NKJV)

In 2 Peter 2:6-7, the Apostle Peter refers to the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah as an example of the consequences of ungodliness and highlights Lot’s righteousness:

“And turning the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah into ashes, condemned them to destruction, making them an example to those who afterward would live ungodly; and delivered righteous Lot, who was oppressed by the filthy conduct of the wicked.” (NKJV)


The term “sodomy” has evolved throughout the centuries, but its roots can be traced back to the story of Sodom and Gomorrah in the Bible.

Although the specific sins that led to the destruction of these cities are not explicitly named, the context provided by other biblical passages suggests that pride, gluttony, neglect of the poor, and various sexual acts deemed immoral were among the primary factors.

As Christians, it is essential to recognize the context and nuances of biblical teachings on sodomy and strive to apply these lessons in a manner that aligns with the core principles of our faith.

This includes demonstrating love, compassion, and understanding for all individuals, regardless of their sexual orientation or past actions.

In conclusion, the term “sodomy” is closely associated with the story of Sodom and Gomorrah and has come to represent a range of immoral acts in both the Old and New Testaments.

By examining the biblical context of this term, Christians can gain a deeper understanding of the principles that underlie these teachings and seek to apply them in a way that promotes love, justice, and righteousness.

Pastor duke taber
Pastor Duke Taber

Pastor Duke Taber

All articles have been written or reviewed by Pastor Duke Taber.
Pastor Duke Taber is an alumnus of Life Pacific University and Multnomah Biblical Seminary.
He has been in pastoral ministry since 1988.
Today he is the owner and managing editor of 3 successful Christian websites that support missionaries around the world.
He is currently starting a brand new church in Mesquite NV called Mesquite Worship Center, a Non-Denominational Spirit Filled Christian church in Mesquite Nevada.