What is Passover in the Bible?


The Passover is a significant event in the Bible that highlights the story of God’s deliverance of His people from slavery in Egypt. This remarkable biblical account is not only a foundational story in Judaism but also holds significant meaning for Christians. In this blog post, we will explore the origins and importance of Passover, delving into the Bible’s teachings on this extraordinary event, and discovering its implications for believers today.

The Passover narrative is found in the book of Exodus, where the Israelites, enslaved in Egypt, cry out to God for deliverance. In response, God raises up Moses to be their leader and spokesperson to the Pharaoh, demanding that the Israelites be set free. When Pharaoh refuses, God sends a series of plagues upon Egypt, culminating in the tenth and final plague, the death of the firstborn. It is in this context that the Passover takes on its profound meaning, as God provides a way for His people to escape the judgment that falls upon the Egyptians.

For Christians, the story of the Passover carries even deeper significance, as it foreshadows the ultimate deliverance that Jesus Christ, the Lamb of God, would provide through His death and resurrection. Through this lens, we see a powerful picture of redemption and the faithfulness of God to deliver His people from the bondage of sin and death.

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passover in the Bible

The Origin of Passover

The origin of Passover can be traced back to the time when the Israelites were enslaved in Egypt. In response to their cries for deliverance, God sent Moses to confront Pharaoh and demand the release of the Israelites (Exodus 3:7-10). When Pharaoh refused to let God’s people go, God unleashed a series of plagues upon Egypt, demonstrating His power and judgment against their oppressive regime.

The final plague was the most devastating of all: the death of every firstborn in Egypt (Exodus 11:4-6). However, God provided a way for the Israelites to escape this judgment by instituting the Passover. According to Exodus 12:1-14, God instructed the Israelites to select a lamb without blemish, slaughter it, and apply its blood to the doorposts and lintel of their houses. When God saw the blood, He would “pass over” the house, sparing the firstborn inside.

The Israelites were also instructed to eat the lamb with unleavened bread and bitter herbs, symbolizing their hasty departure from Egypt and the bitterness of their slavery (Exodus 12:8). The Passover was to be celebrated as a memorial, a lasting reminder of God’s deliverance and faithfulness (Exodus 12:14).

The Passover Lamb

Central to the Passover narrative is the lamb, which was to be without blemish or defect (Exodus 12:5). The lamb’s blood was the key to the Israelites’ protection from the judgment that befell the Egyptians. This symbolism is critical for understanding the Passover’s significance for Christians.

In the New Testament, Jesus is referred to as the “Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world” (John 1:29, NKJV). Jesus, like the Passover lamb, was without blemish or defect (1 Peter 1:18-19), and His blood provides protection from the ultimate judgment—eternal separation from God. In the Last Supper, Jesus instituted the Lord’s Supper, or Communion, as a memorial of His sacrifice, using bread and wine to represent His body and blood (Matthew 26:26-28).

The Apostle Paul also connects the Passover to Jesus, stating, “For indeed Christ, our Passover, was sacrificed for us” (1 Corinthians 5:7, NKJV). Through this connection, we see the fulfillment of the Passover story in the person and work of Jesus Christ. His sacrifice on the cross provides deliverance from sin and death, just as the Passover lamb provided deliverance for the Israelites from the judgment upon Egypt.

The Passover Seder and Christian Observance

The Passover Seder is a traditional Jewish ritual meal commemorating the events of the Exodus. It is a time of storytelling, prayer, and reflection, as participants engage with the elements and symbols of the Passover narrative. Christians often find deep meaning in participating in a Seder, as it helps them to better understand the biblical roots of their faith and the connections between the Passover and Jesus’ sacrifice.

Some Christian denominations and communities also incorporate elements of the Passover into their own observances, particularly during Holy Week leading up to Easter. By engaging with these ancient rituals and symbols, believers can gain a deeper understanding of the biblical narrative and draw closer to the heart of God’s redemptive plan.

The Passover and the Exodus: A Journey of Faith

The Passover marked the beginning of the Israelites’ exodus from Egypt, a journey that would test their faith and reliance on God. As they traveled through the wilderness, they encountered various challenges, such as a lack of food and water. In response to their needs, God miraculously provided manna from heaven and water from a rock (Exodus 16, 17). These divine provisions served as constant reminders of God’s presence and faithfulness during their journey.

For Christians, the exodus narrative serves as a metaphor for the spiritual journey every believer undertakes. Just as the Israelites were called to leave behind their old life in Egypt and journey toward the Promised Land, Christians are called to leave behind their old life of sin and journey toward a new life in Christ. Like the Israelites, believers will encounter challenges and trials on their journey, but they can trust in God’s provision and guidance every step of the way.

The Passover and the Covenant

The Passover is also intimately connected to the covenant relationship between God and His people. The covenant was established at Mount Sinai when God gave the Israelites the Ten Commandments and other laws that would govern their lives as His chosen people (Exodus 19-20). The Passover served as a powerful reminder of their covenant relationship with God, as it commemorated His deliverance and the establishment of their unique identity as His people.

For Christians, the new covenant established through Jesus Christ’s death and resurrection fulfills and supersedes the old covenant. Jesus is the mediator of a better covenant, based on better promises (Hebrews 8:6, NKJV). Through faith in Jesus, believers enter into a new and eternal covenant with God, marked by the indwelling of the Holy Spirit and the promise of eternal life.


The story of the Passover is a profound and powerful reminder of God’s faithfulness in delivering His people from bondage and oppression. For the Israelites, it marked the beginning of their journey toward the Promised Land and their establishment as a nation under God’s covenant. For Christians, the Passover narrative finds its ultimate fulfillment in Jesus Christ, the Lamb of God, whose sacrifice delivers us from the bondage of sin and death.

By understanding the biblical origins and significance of the Passover, we can grow in our appreciation for God’s redemptive work throughout history and in our own lives. As we reflect on the Passover story and its connection to the gospel message, we are reminded of the unchanging love, grace, and mercy of our God, who continually seeks to deliver His people and draw them into a deeper relationship with Him.

As believers, we can take comfort in the knowledge that just as God provided a way for the Israelites to escape the judgment that fell upon Egypt, He has provided a way for us to escape eternal judgment through the sacrifice of Jesus Christ. By placing our faith in Him, we can experience true freedom and live in the hope of eternal life. Let us celebrate the Passover story with gratitude and awe, acknowledging the great love and faithfulness of our God who saves.

In addition to the profound theological significance of the Passover, it also serves as a powerful reminder of the importance of community and intergenerational transmission of faith. The annual celebration of Passover, observed by families and communities, ensures that the story of God’s deliverance is passed down from generation to generation. This practice highlights the essential role of community and family in nurturing and sustaining faith.

For Christians, this aspect of the Passover serves as an inspiration to actively engage in the faith community and pass down the knowledge and experience of God’s love and grace to future generations. Through active participation in the life of the church and nurturing relationships within the Christian community, believers can strengthen their faith and ensure that the story of God’s redemption continues to impact lives for generations to come.

As we conclude our exploration of the Passover in the Bible, let us be encouraged and inspired by the remarkable story of God’s deliverance and faithfulness. May we continue to seek a deeper understanding of the connections between the Passover and our own faith, and may we be faithful in passing on the knowledge and experience of God’s love to future generations.

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