What is Nephilim in the Bible?
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What is Nephilim in the Bible?

The Bible is a vast, complex, and fascinating book that has been the subject of study and debate for thousands of years. One of the more enigmatic topics within the pages of the Bible is the mention of the Nephilim. Who or what are these beings, and what role do they play in the biblical narrative? In this blog post, we will explore the concept of the Nephilim as found in the Bible, citing the New King James Version (NKJV) where applicable. We will examine their origins, purpose, and eventual fate, as well as consider the various interpretations and theories that have arisen over the centuries.

To begin, it is important to understand that the Nephilim are mentioned only a few times in the Bible, primarily in the Old Testament. These elusive and mysterious beings have captured the imagination of readers for centuries, leading to a wide range of interpretations and speculations. The term “Nephilim” is often translated as “giants,” but its exact meaning is a subject of debate among scholars.

In this post, we will delve into the biblical passages that mention the Nephilim, as well as the various theories surrounding their nature and origin. We will also explore how these beings have been interpreted and understood by different Christian traditions. Ultimately, our goal is to provide a comprehensive understanding of the Nephilim in the context of the Bible and the broader Christian faith.

Nephilim in the bible

Biblical References to the Nephilim

The primary biblical reference to the Nephilim can be found in Genesis 6:1-4:

Now it came to pass, when men began to multiply on the face of the earth, and daughters were born to them, that the sons of God saw the daughters of men, that they were beautiful; and they took wives for themselves of all whom they chose. […] There were giants on the earth in those days, and also afterward, when the sons of God came in to the daughters of men and they bore children to them. Those were the mighty men who were of old, men of renown. (Genesis 6:1-2, 4, NKJV)

Another mention of the Nephilim occurs in the Book of Numbers, during the story of the Israelite spies sent to scout the Promised Land:

And there we saw the giants (the descendants of Anak came from the giants); and we were like grasshoppers in our own sight, and so we were in their sight. (Numbers 13:33, NKJV)

From these passages, it is clear that the Nephilim were a race of beings distinct from ordinary humans, described as “giants” or “mighty men” who lived both before and after the great flood.

Theories on the Origins and Nature of the Nephilim

There are several theories regarding the origins and nature of the Nephilim. Some of the most prominent theories include:

The Fallen Angels Theory

This theory posits that the “sons of God” mentioned in Genesis 6:2 were fallen angels who, led by their lust for human women, took them as wives and fathered the Nephilim. This view is based on the interpretation of “sons of God” as angelic beings, which is supported by other biblical passages such as Job 1:6 and 2:1. However, this theory is controversial, as it raises questions about the ability of spiritual beings like angels to engage in physical relationships with humans.

The Sethite Theory

This theory suggests that the “sons of God” were the godly descendants of Seth, the third son of Adam and Eve, while the “daughters of men” were the ungodly descendants of Cain. According to this view, the Nephilim were the offspring of these mixed marriages, and their wickedness contributed to the moral decline of humanity, ultimately leading to the Great Flood. This theory avoids the complications of angelic beings having physical relationships with humans but has been criticized for not fully explaining the description of the Nephilim as “giants” or “mighty men.”

The Hybrid Theory

A variation of the fallen angels theory, the hybrid theory proposes that the Nephilim were the offspring of fallen angels who possessed or manipulated the human genetic code to create a hybrid race of beings. This theory seeks to reconcile the difficulties of angels engaging in physical relationships with humans by suggesting that the process was more akin to genetic manipulation than traditional reproduction. While intriguing, this theory is highly speculative and lacks direct biblical support.

Christian Interpretations and Understandings of the Nephilim

Different Christian traditions have offered various interpretations and understandings of the Nephilim. Some of the most common perspectives include:

The Apocalyptic Interpretation

This view sees the Nephilim as a symbol of the spiritual warfare between good and evil that will culminate in the end times. According to this interpretation, the Nephilim represent the forces of darkness that seek to corrupt and destroy humanity, and their presence in the biblical narrative serves as a warning and a reminder of the ongoing battle between the forces of God and Satan.

The Allegorical Interpretation

This perspective interprets the Nephilim as an allegory for the moral and spiritual decay of humanity that led to the Great Flood. In this view, the Nephilim serve as a metaphor for the corruption and wickedness that permeated the world before the flood, and their presence in the biblical narrative is meant to emphasize the destructive consequences of sin.

The Historical Interpretation

This view sees the Nephilim as real, historical beings who lived during the antediluvian period, serving as a testament to the reality of supernatural beings and events described in the Bible. According to this interpretation, the Nephilim were a race of giant or exceptionally powerful beings whose existence demonstrates the truth of biblical accounts and the active presence of God and supernatural forces in human history.


The Nephilim are among the most enigmatic and intriguing beings mentioned in the Bible. Despite the limited information provided in the biblical text, the Nephilim have captured the imagination of readers for centuries and given rise to a wide range of theories, interpretations, and speculations.

While it may be impossible to definitively determine the true nature and origin of the Nephilim, the ongoing discussion and debate surrounding these mysterious beings reflect the richness and depth of the biblical narrative. As we continue to study and explore the Bible, we may yet gain new insights into the Nephilim and the many other fascinating elements of the biblical world.

Ultimately, the Nephilim serve as a reminder of the complexity and mystery that pervade the Bible and the Christian faith. As we seek to deepen our understanding of these ancient texts, we are reminded of the importance of approaching the Bible with humility, curiosity, and a willingness to engage with its myriad of mysteries, challenges, and wonders.

Pastor duke taber
Pastor Duke Taber

Pastor Duke Taber

All articles have been written or reviewed by Pastor Duke Taber.
Pastor Duke Taber is an alumnus of Life Pacific University and Multnomah Biblical Seminary.
He has been in pastoral ministry since 1988.
Today he is the owner and managing editor of 3 successful Christian websites that support missionaries around the world.
He is currently starting a brand new church in Mesquite NV called Mesquite Worship Center, a Non-Denominational Spirit Filled Christian church in Mesquite Nevada.