What is Moab in the Bible?


In this blog post, we will explore the topic of Moab in the Bible, delving into its historical and geographical background as well as its significance in the biblical narrative. The Moabites, the people of Moab, had a complicated relationship with the Israelites, which is evident in various accounts throughout the Old Testament. By examining these accounts, we can gain a better understanding of the people of Moab and their place within the biblical story.

Moab was a nation situated on the eastern side of the Jordan River, in present-day Jordan. The land was primarily made up of plateaus and fertile plains, which provided ample resources for agriculture and livestock. The Moabites, the people of Moab, were descendants of Lot, the nephew of Abraham. Although the Moabites and Israelites shared a common ancestry, their relationship was marred by conflict, alliances, and intermingling.

The Bible offers us insight into the nation of Moab, its people, and its relationship with Israel. By examining biblical accounts, we can appreciate the intricate history that links these two nations and their role in God’s unfolding plan. In this post, we will consider several key passages from the New King James Version (NKJV) of the Bible to shed light on the nation of Moab and its significance in biblical history.

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the Bible

The Origins of Moab

The story of Moab begins in the book of Genesis, specifically in the account of Lot and his two daughters. Following the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah, Lot’s daughters feared that they would not find husbands to continue their family line. They devised a plan to become pregnant by their father:

“Come, let us make our father drink wine, and we will lie with him, that we may preserve the lineage of our father.” (Genesis 19:32, NKJV)

The elder daughter gave birth to a son named Moab, who became the father of the Moabites:

“Thus both the daughters of Lot were with child by their father. The firstborn bore a son and called his name Moab; he is the father of the Moabites to this day.” (Genesis 19:36-37, NKJV)

Relations between Moab and Israel

Throughout the Old Testament, the relationship between Moab and Israel is marked by a mix of conflict, alliances, and intermarriage. One of the earliest encounters between the two nations occurs during the Exodus, when the Moabites refused to let the Israelites pass through their land:

“Then the children of Israel set out, and camped in the plains of Moab on the side of the Jordan across from Jericho. Now Balak the son of Zippor saw all that Israel had done to the Amorites.” (Numbers 22:1-2, NKJV)

Fearing the Israelites, King Balak of Moab sought the help of Balaam, a prophet, to curse the Israelites. However, God intervened, and Balaam could only bless Israel, not curse them (Numbers 22-24).

Despite their conflicts, Moab and Israel also had alliances. For example, King David, who was the great-grandson of Ruth, a Moabite woman, had a friendly relationship with the Moabites. When David was fleeing from King Saul, he entrusted his parents to the king of Moab for safekeeping (1 Samuel 22:3-4).

Moab in the Prophets and the Moabite Stone

The prophets of the Old Testament frequently spoke about Moab, often condemning their idolatry, pride, and hostility towards Israel. In Isaiah 15-16, the prophet laments the destruction of Moab, while also emphasizing their pride and arrogance:

“We have heard of the pride of Moab—He is very proud—Of his haughtiness and his pride and his wrath; But his lies shall not be so.” (Isaiah 16:6, NKJV)

Similarly, the prophet Jeremiah prophesied the judgment and destruction of Moab, denouncing their worship of false gods:

“Because you have trusted in your works and your treasures, You also shall be taken. And Chemosh shall go forth into captivity, His priests and his princes together.” (Jeremiah 48:7, NKJV)

The Moabite Stone, discovered in 1868, provides historical evidence of the existence of Moab and its interaction with Israel. The stone, also known as the Mesha Stele, dates back to the 9th century BC and is inscribed with a record of King Mesha of Moab’s victories over Israel.

The Legacy of Moab in the Bible

The story of Moab and its people serves as a reminder of God’s sovereignty and the importance of remaining faithful to Him. The Moabites’ idolatry and pride led to their eventual downfall and judgment. However, the story of Ruth, a Moabite woman who chose to follow the God of Israel, demonstrates that God’s grace extends beyond the boundaries of ethnicity or nationality.

Ruth’s faithfulness and loyalty to her Israelite mother-in-law, Naomi, ultimately led to her inclusion in the lineage of King David and, ultimately, Jesus Christ:

“Salmon begot Boaz by Rahab, Boaz begot Obed by Ruth, Obed begot Jesse, and Jesse begot David the king.” (Matthew 1:5-6, NKJV)


As we consider the story of Moab in the Bible, we can observe the complexities of the relationship between Moab and Israel, as well as the consequences of pride, idolatry, and unfaithfulness. Yet, we also see God’s redemptive work, as He brings forth a faithful Moabite woman into the lineage of Jesus Christ.

In conclusion, the story of Moab in the Bible reveals the intricate relationship between Moab and Israel, marked by conflict, alliances, and intermingling. As we study the biblical accounts of Moab, we can gain a better understanding of the nation’s historical and geographical context, as well as its role in the unfolding of God’s plan.

Furthermore, the story of Moab and its people serves as a reminder of the importance of remaining faithful to God and the consequences of pride and idolatry. By examining the lives of individuals like Ruth, we can see how God’s grace and redemption extend beyond the boundaries of ethnicity or nationality. Ultimately, the story of Moab in the Bible invites us to reflect on our own relationship with God, encouraging us to remain faithful and humble in our walk with Him.

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