What is Ministry According to the Bible?
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What is Ministry According to the Bible?

Ministry is a calling and responsibility that God has given to all believers in Jesus Christ. As Christians, we are commissioned by God to serve others, use our spiritual gifts, and proclaim the gospel. The Bible provides clear guidance on what ministry is and how we are to carry it out faithfully. In this comprehensive overview, we will explore the biblical foundations of ministry and what scripture teaches about our roles and responsibilities as ministers of Christ.

Key Takeaways:

  • Ministry is not limited to vocational pastors or church leaders – every Christian is called to ministry.
  • There are varieties of ministries but our purpose is unified – to serve God and build up the church.
  • Spiritual gifts equip us for ministry and should be used diligently.
  • Ministry requires committing to service, sacrifice, and Christ-like character.
  • Our ministries should be carried out with love, grace, humility, and wisdom.
  • Prayer and reliance on the Holy Spirit are essential to fruitful ministry.
  • We are stewards of the gifts and opportunities God has given us.
  • Faithfulness in small things prepares us for greater ministry impact.
  • All ministry should point people to salvation in Jesus Christ.

The Universal Call to Ministry

Every Christian is called to ministry. Ministry is not reserved for vocational pastors, missionaries, or church staff – it is the privilege and responsibility of every believer in Jesus Christ. As Ephesians 4:12 (NKJV) says, the role of church leaders is “for the equipping of the saints for the work of ministry, for the edifying of the body of Christ.” The work of ministry belongs to all the saints – not just church leaders. Every follower of Christ has a vital role to play in building up the church and advancing God’s kingdom.

In 1 Peter 4:10 (NKJV), the apostle Peter writes, “As each one has received a gift, minister it to one another, as good stewards of the manifold grace of God.” The word translated as “minister” in this verse is the Greek word diakoneō, from which we get the word deacon. This illustrates that ministry is not limited to those in vocational ministry roles or leadership positions. Ministry is serving one another with the gifts God has given us. Every Christian has received spiritual gifts and abilities to contribute to the body of Christ for God’s glory.

The calling to ministry is rooted in our identity as believers united with Christ. When we are saved by grace through faith, we are recreated in Christ for good works (Ephesians 2:10). These good works are carried out through diverse forms of ministry as we utilize our gifts to build up the church. Ministry is not just one aspect of the Christian life – it is the very purpose for which we have been saved.

Varieties of Ministries, Unified Purpose

There are many different kinds of ministries revealed in scripture, reflecting the diversity of the body of Christ. While our roles and gifts may differ, our fundamental purpose in ministry is unified – to glorify God, build up the church, and advance the gospel.

The apostle Paul uses the metaphor of a human body to describe the interdependent diversity within the church: “For as we have many members in one body, but all the members do not have the same function, so we, being many, are one body in Christ, and individually members of one another” (Romans 12:4-5 NKJV). Just as a body has many parts that serve distinct roles while being unified as one organism, the church comprises diverse ministries that ultimately serve one purpose.

Romans 12 goes on to highlight different spiritual gifts – prophecy, serving, teaching, exhorting, giving, leading, and mercy. 1 Corinthians 12 similarly lists gifts of wisdom, knowledge, faith, healing, miracles, prophecy, discernment, tongues, interpretation, apostleship, teaching, helping, administrating, evangelism, pastoring, and more. Passages like Ephesians 4 and 1 Peter 4 also speak of those called to be apostles, prophets, evangelists, pastors and teachers.

There are also varieties of ministry roles illustrated in scripture, such as intercessory prayer, caregiving, financial support, encouragement, practical service, church administration, spiritual parenting, hospitality, music, and creative arts. All these ministries are essential, though no single believer possesses every gift and calling. As we steward our diverse gifts, we have the privilege of participating in God’s many-splendored plan for building up the body of Christ.

While the ways we serve may look very different, every ministry shares the same great purpose – bringing glory to God and serving the advance of His kingdom. As Colossians 3:23 (NKJV) urges, “And whatever you do, do it heartily, as to the Lord and not to men.” Whatever ministry we are called to, our motivation should be singleminded devotion to God and His redemptive work in the world.

Equipped to Minister through Spiritual Gifts

Spiritual gifts empower us for ministry. Our gifts are special abilities distributed by the Holy Spirit to every believer according to God’s design and grace (Romans 12:6). Spiritual gifts are not mere natural talents or strengths – they are endowments from the Holy Spirit that equip us to serve the church and participate in God’s missions in the world.

Ephesians 4:11-12 (NKJV) highlights that Christ has gifted the church with leadership roles like apostles, prophets, evangelists, pastors and teachers, “for the equipping of the saints for the work of ministry, for the edifying of the body of Christ.” Church leaders help equip believers for ministry through teaching doctrine, modeling service, providing training, and creating ministry opportunities. But it is ultimately the Holy Spirit who directly equips every saint through imparting spiritual gifts.

As Romans 12:6 teaches, “Having then gifts differing according to the grace that is given to us, let us use them.” The spiritual gifts we receive are an overflow of God’s grace in our lives. We are responsible to steward these gifts well for the benefit of the church. This requires dedicating our gifts fully to the Lord, allowing Him to develop them, and using them diligently in service without pride or selfishness.

While spiritual gifts are divinely bestowed, scripture does exhort us to eagerly desire spiritual gifts (1 Corinthians 12:31) and to fan our gifts into flame (2 Timothy 1:6). As we pray, fast, listen to biblical teaching, and offer ourselves to God’s work – the Holy Spirit will bring clarity and empowerment regarding our spiritual gifts. Discovering and employing the unique spiritual gifts God has given us is key to fruitful ministry.

Serving Wholeheartedly as Ministers of Christ

Ministry requires wholehearted commitment and Christ-like character. Jesus made it clear that following Him would involve servanthood, sacrifice and selflessness. As He declared in Mark 10:43-44 (NKJV), “Yet it shall not be so among you; but whoever desires to become great among you shall be your servant. And whoever of you desires to be first shall be slave of all.” Ministry is not pursuing positions of power or prestige – it is modeling the sacrificial humility of Jesus.

As those called to ministry, we must adopt the mindset of a servant. Philippians 2:5-8 (NKJV) exhorts us: “Let this mind be in you which was also in Christ Jesus, who…made Himself of no reputation, taking the form of a bondservant…He humbled Himself and became obedient to the point of death, even the death of the cross.” Serving requires humility, self-denial, and tenacity in obedience. The way up in God’s kingdom is down.

Our ministries should also be characterized by other Christlike qualities, like:

  • Compassion: “When [Jesus] saw the multitudes, He was moved with compassion for them, because they were weary and scattered, like sheep having no shepherd” (Matthew 9:36 NKJV). We must care deeply for those we serve.
  • Integrity: “Having a good conscience, that when they defame you as evildoers…they may be ashamed who falsely accuse your good conduct in Christ” (1 Peter 3:16 NKJV). Live above reproach.
  • Wisdom: “Walk in wisdom toward those who are outside, redeeming the time. Let your speech always be with grace, seasoned with salt, that you may know how you ought to answer each one” (Colossians 4:5-6 NKJV). Apply God’s truth skillfully.
  • Perseverance: “Let us not grow weary while doing good, for in due season we shall reap if we do not lose heart” (Galatians 6:9 NKJV). Keep serving faithfully despite difficulty.

As ministers of Christ, our character must match the gospel we proclaim. While none of us is perfect, we aim to grow in maturity and godliness in order to effectively carry out our ministries.

Ministering in Love and Mutual Care

Love is to be the defining mark of our ministries. 1 Peter 4:8 (NKJV) exhorts believers, “Above all things have fervent love for one another, for ‘love will cover a multitude of sins.'” As followers of Christ, we are to live out the love He has lavished upon us. Our ministries gain credibility when carried out with genuine love that builds up others.

Part of loving service is utilizing our spiritual gifts to meet practical needs. The early church modeled this mutual care for one another:

“Now the multitude of those who believed were of one heart and one soul; neither did anyone say that any of the things he possessed was his own, but they had all things in common. Nor was there anyone among them who lacked; for all who were possessors of lands or houses sold them, and brought the proceeds of the things that were sold, and laid them at the apostles’ feet; and they distributed to each as anyone had need.” (Acts 4:32-35 NKJV)

Our ministries must not focus on just the spiritual but also caring for physical and emotional needs within the body of Christ. This includes helping provide resources, visiting the sick, comforting the hurting, partnering with the poor, supporting the disabled, and treasuring the elderly. As Galatians 6:2 (NKJV) says, “Bear one another’s burdens, and so fulfill the law of Christ.”

Of course, love also means responsibly exercising spiritual authority where needed for protection and correction within appropriate roles. But even this must be done in a spirit of gentleness, patience, and a desire to build up, not tear down (Galatians 6:1, 2 Timothy 2:24-25). Ministering with Christlike love will create a vibrant, caring church.

Prayerful Reliance on the Spirit for Fruitful Ministry

Meaningful ministry is not achievable through human effort alone. We need to depend fully on the enabling power of the Holy Spirit working through us. Jesus told His disciples, “without Me you can do nothing” (John 15:5 NKJV). Prayer taps us into the supernatural strength only God can provide for His work.

That is why prayer and the Word of God are so vital to fruitful ministry. Acts 6:4 (NKJV) records how the apostles committed themselves to prayer and the ministry of the Word as their top priorities, while delegating other service tasks to Spirit-filled men like Stephen and Phillip. Time in God’s presence must have first place in the daily rhythm of those called to lead ministries.

The Spirit also guides and empowers us through the spiritual gifts He imparts. Zechariah 4:6 (NKJV) declares, “‘Not by might nor by power, but by My Spirit,’ says the Lord of hosts.” Reliance on the Spirit is just as important as using our gifts. Ministries that operate in the energy of the flesh eventually crumble. But Spirit-empowered ministries display His miraculous grace!

As Christians called to ministry, we must cultivate deep dependence on the Holy Spirit. We should regularly pray for the fullness and guidance of the Spirit individually and collectively. This is modeled throughout Acts with prayer preceding key ministry moments and the filling of the Spirit at Pentecost launching the church into ministry. Let us humbly rely on the Spirit to bear fruit through our ministries.

Stewards of the Gifts God Has Given Us

The ministries God assigns us are stewardships He has entrusted us with, not possessions we own or earn. As 1 Peter 4:10 (NKJV) teaches, “As each one has received a gift, minister it to one another, as good stewards of the manifold grace of God.” We are caretakers, not owners, of the ministry roles and spiritual gifts God graciously bestows. Faithful stewardship requires utilizing them fully in God’s service for His glory.

Jesus told several parables underscoring that God expects fruitfulness, diligence, and wise use of what He has given His servants, whether abilities, resources, or opportunities for ministry. The Parables of the Talents and Minas warn against passivity and negligence with what God entrusts us (Matthew 25:14-30, Luke 19:11-27). The Parable of the Fig Tree illustrates God’s expectation of fruitfulness in those given life and ministry grace (Luke 13:6-9).

This means we should not take lightly or squander the ministry gifts and openings God provides us. We have a sober responsibility to exercise and develop them with prayerful intentionality for greater fruitfulness to the glory of God. We should joyfully labor in ministry while consistently abiding in Christ, through whom we bear lasting spiritual fruit (John 15:5).

At the same time, we must remember the ultimate work is God’s, not ours. Paul wrote in 1 Corinthians 3:6-7 (NKJV), “I planted, Apollos watered, but God gave the increase. So then neither he who plants is anything, nor he who waters, but God who gives the increase.” We are privileged to participate in ministry while recognizing God Himself brings genuine growth. We do our part faithfully, and trust God for the eternal results.

Faithfulness in Small Things Prepares Us for Greater Impact

We should not underestimate small, everyday ministries. God often prepares us for greater impact by cultivating faithfulness and character in simple acts of service. In Luke 16:10 (NKJV) Jesus taught, “He who is faithful in what is least is faithful also in much; and he who is unjust in what is least is unjust also in much.” The ministry tasks that seem insignificant develop our trustworthiness for more.

This is evident in Jesus’ earthly ministry. Before launching His public ministry, Jesus spent many quiet years working as a carpenter and diligently obeying God as an ordinary citizen of Nazareth. Those anonymous years of faithfulness prepared the way for the pinnacle of His ministry at the cross. In the same way, we must avoid rushing into visible platform ministries without first proving ourselves trustworthy in the small, invisible ways God leads us to serve each day.

Big ministries also require many small acts adding up. No one comes to faith in Christ or grows as a believer without many individuals faithfully praying, caring, serving, giving, and sharing the gospel in everyday ways. Your one small act of ministry could impact someone for eternity. So be faithful in the simple opportunities God puts before you each day, whether feeding the hungry, visiting the sick, giving generously, writing a note of encouragement, or inviting a neighbor to church. You are preparing for greater kingdom impact in the future as you minister faithfully today.

Ministry as Disciple-Making for Christ

Our ultimate purpose in all ministry is the same as Christ’s – to seek and save the lost (Luke 19:10). Whatever form our ministry takes, it should be carried out with urgency in pointing people to salvation in Jesus Christ. He alone offers forgiveness, new life, and reconciliation with God. This gospel focus guards our ministries from drifting into mere social work devoid of eternal impact.

We want to care for human needs and work for justice – but even more foundational is addressing humanity’s alienation from God through sin. Ministry is incomplete if it simply improves earthly circumstances without addressing the root problem of spiritual separation from God. Our ministries should create onramps to share and demonstrate the love of Christ in both word and deed.

Jesus summarized His entire mission with the Great Commission: “Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, teaching them to observe all things that I have commanded you” (Matthew 28:19-20 NKJV). We carry on this disciple-making mission through our diverse ministries. It requires building relationships, modeling maturity in Christ, imparting biblical truth, and leading others to personally follow Jesus as Savior and Lord.

Whatever your ministry – whether evangelism, teaching, worship, hospitality, or behind-the-scenes service – aim to lead people into a life-changing relationship with Jesus. there is no greater privilege than to be used by God as a minister of the gospel in word and deed to expand His eternal kingdom.


Ministry is the calling of every Christian. Whether our primary ministry is within the home, workplace, church, or mission field, we are to steward our spiritual gifts and opportunities with faithfulness and urgency for God’s glory. Scripture provides helpful guidance on embracing ministry as identity, loving service, dependent prayer, selfless sacrifice, Kingdom purpose, and the overflow of God’s grace in our lives. May we live out our divine call to minister the love and truth of Jesus to the world, until His return.

Pastor Duke Taber
Pastor Duke Taber

Pastor Duke Taber

All articles have been written or reviewed by Pastor Duke Taber.
Pastor Duke Taber is an alumnus of Life Pacific University and Multnomah Biblical Seminary.
He has been in pastoral ministry since 1988.
Today he is the owner and managing editor of 3 successful Christian websites that support missionaries around the world.
He is currently starting a brand new church in Mesquite NV called Mesquite Worship Center, a Non-Denominational Spirit Filled Christian church in Mesquite Nevada.