What is Enmity in the Bible?
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What is Enmity in the Bible?


As we journey through life, we face different challenges that test our faith and shape our understanding of God’s word. One topic that may surface in our quest for knowledge is the concept of enmity.

To fully grasp the essence of enmity in the Bible, we must delve into the Scriptures, observing its various manifestations and the impact on the lives of those involved. In this article, we will explore the meaning of enmity, its origin in the Bible, and how it relates to our lives today as Evangelical Christians.

Enmity is a term that signifies hostility, opposition, or hatred between individuals or groups. In the Bible, it appears in various forms and contexts, ranging from personal disputes to spiritual battles between good and evil.

By understanding enmity’s role in biblical narratives, we can gain insight into the nature of human relationships and the spiritual realm.

Using the New King James Version (NKJV) of the Bible, we will explore the concept of enmity and uncover how it intertwines with sin, redemption, and God’s plan for humanity. Join us as we embark on a journey of discovery, unearthing the truth behind enmity in the Bible and its relevance to our lives today.

Enmity in the bible

The Origin of Enmity

The first mention of enmity in the Bible occurs shortly after the fall of humanity in the Garden of Eden. When Adam and Eve sinned by eating from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, they brought sin and death into the world.

In response, God pronounced judgment on the serpent, who had deceived Eve. In Genesis 3:15 (NKJV), God said, “And I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your seed and her Seed; He shall bruise your head, and you shall bruise His heel.”

This verse foreshadows the ultimate conflict between good and evil, with Jesus Christ, the “Seed” of the woman, triumphing over Satan.

Enmity and the Human Condition

Throughout the Old Testament, we see enmity manifesting in different ways. In the story of Cain and Abel, Cain’s jealousy led him to murder his brother, an act that demonstrated the deep-seated enmity in his heart (Genesis 4:1-8).

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The nations surrounding Israel also frequently exhibited enmity towards God’s chosen people, leading to wars and conflicts that tested Israel’s faith and obedience to God (Numbers 20:21, Judges 11:4, 1 Samuel 18:29).

Enmity also takes on a broader meaning in the Bible, symbolizing humanity’s innate hostility towards God and His ways. In Romans 8:7 (NKJV), the Apostle Paul writes, “Because the carnal mind is enmity against God; for it is not subject to the law of God, nor indeed can be.”

This verse highlights the reality that our sinful nature sets us at odds with God, making reconciliation and peace impossible without divine intervention.

Enmity Defeated by Jesus Christ

Jesus Christ, the Son of God, came to earth to conquer the enmity that had separated humanity from God. Through His sacrificial death on the cross, Jesus bore the punishment for our sins, making it possible for us to be reconciled to God and enjoy peace with Him (Colossians 1:19-22).

As Paul explains in Ephesians 2:14-16 (NKJV),

“For He Himself is our peace, who has made both one, and has broken down the middle wall of separation, having abolished in His flesh the enmity, that is, the law of commandments contained in ordinances, so as to create in Himself one new man from the two, thus making peace, and that He might reconcile them both to God in one body through the cross, thereby putting to death the enmity.”

Jesus’ death and resurrection not only overcame the enmity between humanity and God but also brought reconciliation among people. The cross abolished the hostility between Jews and Gentiles, uniting them as one body in Christ (Galatians 3:28).

Jesus’ sacrifice paves the way for a world where love, rather than enmity, defines our relationships with one another (1 John 4:7-12).

Enmity in Spiritual Warfare

While Jesus has triumphed over sin and death, the enmity between good and evil persists as a spiritual battle in our lives. As Christians, we face constant opposition from the devil and his forces, who seek to entice us into sin and undermine our faith (Ephesians 6:12).

However, we are not left to fight this battle alone. God has provided us with spiritual armor to protect ourselves against the enemy’s schemes, including the belt of truth, the breastplate of righteousness, the shield of faith, and the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God (Ephesians 6:13-17).

In this spiritual warfare, we must also recognize that our struggle is not against flesh and blood, but against the spiritual forces of evil.

As Paul writes in Ephesians 6:12 (NKJV), “For we do not wrestle against flesh and blood, but against principalities, against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this age, against spiritual hosts of wickedness in the heavenly places.”

With this understanding, we can approach our relationships with others in a spirit of humility, love, and forgiveness, seeking to overcome enmity with the love of Christ (Romans 12:17-21).

Overcoming Enmity in Our Lives

As followers of Jesus, we are called to live lives that reflect the love and grace that we have received through His sacrifice. This means actively pursuing peace and reconciliation in our relationships, working to overcome the enmity that sin has introduced into our lives (Matthew 5:9, Romans 14:19).

In doing so, we must rely on the power of the Holy Spirit, who enables us to love our enemies, pray for those who persecute us, and forgive those who have wronged us (Matthew 5:44, Luke 6:27-36, Colossians 3:12-14).


In conclusion, enmity in the Bible encompasses various aspects of hostility, hatred, and opposition, both in human relationships and in the spiritual realm. The Scriptures reveal that enmity entered the world through sin, which has created a chasm between humanity and God.

However, Jesus Christ has overcome this enmity through His death and resurrection, making it possible for us to be reconciled to God and to one another.

As Evangelical Christians, our mission is to share the love of Christ with a world plagued by enmity, offering hope and healing through the gospel message.

By living lives marked by love, forgiveness, and reconciliation, we can counteract the forces of enmity and demonstrate the transformative power of God’s grace. As we look to Jesus as our example and depend on the Holy Spirit for strength, we can overcome enmity in our lives and be agents of peace in a broken world.

Pastor duke taber
Pastor Duke Taber

Pastor Duke Taber

All articles have been written or reviewed by Pastor Duke Taber.
Pastor Duke Taber is an alumnus of Life Pacific University and Multnomah Biblical Seminary.
He has been in pastoral ministry since 1988.
Today he is the owner and managing editor of 3 successful Christian websites that support missionaries around the world.
He is currently starting a brand new church in Mesquite NV called Mesquite Worship Center, a Non-Denominational Spirit Filled Christian church in Mesquite Nevada.