What is Easter About in the Bible?
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What is Easter About in the Bible?


Easter is a Christian holiday that celebrates the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead. It is considered the most significant event in the Christian faith, as the resurrection embodies the triumph of God’s love and power over sin and death.

This holy day not only marks the conclusion of the 40-day period of Lent, but also serves as a reminder of the hope and promise of eternal life that is available to all who believe in Jesus Christ.

The Easter story is documented in the New Testament of the Bible, primarily in the four Gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John. Each Gospel recounts the events surrounding Jesus’ death and resurrection, providing a comprehensive account of this miraculous occurrence.

As Christians around the world gather to celebrate Easter, it is essential to understand its biblical foundation and appreciate the profound significance of this event in the lives of believers.

The Bible teaches us that Jesus Christ, the Son of God, was sent to Earth to save humanity from the consequences of sin. He lived a sinless life, teaching and performing miracles to demonstrate the love and power of God.

Ultimately, He was crucified, buried, and rose again, conquering death and offering salvation to all who believe in Him. Easter serves as a reminder of this incredible sacrifice and the promise of eternal life for those who follow Christ.

Easter in the bible

The Crucifixion

The crucifixion of Jesus is a central aspect of the Easter story. The events leading up to His crucifixion are described in detail throughout the four Gospels. Jesus’ entry into Jerusalem on Palm Sunday marked the beginning of what is now known as Holy Week.

As tensions rose between Jesus and the religious leaders of His time, they conspired to have Him arrested and put to death. Jesus was betrayed by one of His disciples, Judas Iscariot, who handed Him over to the authorities (Matthew 26:14-16; Mark 14:10-11; Luke 22:3-6; John 18:1-3).

Jesus was then subjected to a series of trials before the religious leaders and the Roman governor, Pontius Pilate. Despite finding no fault in Him, Pilate yielded to the pressure of the crowd and ordered Jesus to be crucified (Matthew 27:22-26; Mark 15:12-15; Luke 23:13-25; John 19:4-16).

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Jesus was beaten, mocked, and forced to carry His own cross to the place of His crucifixion, known as Golgotha or Calvary (Matthew 27:27-33; Mark 15:16-22; Luke 23:26-32; John 19:16-17).

As Jesus hung on the cross, He endured immense suffering and humiliation. Despite this, He continued to demonstrate God’s love and forgiveness, even asking God to forgive those who crucified Him (Luke 23:34).

After several hours, Jesus uttered His final words and died (Matthew 27:50; Mark 15:37; Luke 23:46; John 19:30). His death fulfilled the prophecies and promises of the Old Testament and served as the ultimate sacrifice for the sins of humanity (Isaiah 53:5-6; 1 Peter 2:24).

The Resurrection

The resurrection of Jesus is the cornerstone of the Christian faith and the central event of the Easter celebration. According to the Gospels, after Jesus’ death, His body was placed in a tomb, and a large stone was rolled across the entrance (Matthew 27:57-60; Mark 15:42-46; Luke 23:50-55; John 19:38-42).

On the third day after His crucifixion, women who were followers of Jesus went to the tomb to anoint His body with spices. Upon their arrival, they found the stone rolled away and the tomb empty (Matthew 28:1-6; Mark 16:1-6; Luke 24:1-6; John 20:1-2).

In each Gospel account, an angel or angels appeared to the women and announced that Jesus had risen from the dead (Matthew 28:5-7; Mark 16:5-7; Luke 24:4-7; John 20:12-13). The women hurried to share the news with the other disciples, who initially struggled to believe their account.

However, Jesus appeared to them in various instances, confirming His resurrection and giving them instructions to continue spreading His message (Matthew 28:16-20; Mark 16:14-20; Luke 24:36-49; John 20:19-23).

Jesus’ resurrection signifies His victory over death and the grave, and it serves as a powerful reminder of God’s love and the promise of eternal life for all who believe in Him (1 Corinthians 15:3-4, 20-22; Romans 6:4-5; 1 Peter 1:3-5).

The Ascension and the Promise of His Return

After Jesus’ resurrection, He spent forty days with His disciples, teaching and preparing them for the task of spreading the Gospel to all nations (Acts 1:3). Jesus then ascended into heaven as His disciples watched (Luke 24:50-51; Acts 1:9-11).

As they gazed into the sky, two angels appeared and promised that Jesus would return in the same manner as He ascended (Acts 1:10-11).

This promise of Jesus’ return, also known as the Second Coming, is a central aspect of Christian eschatology and the hope of believers.

The Bible teaches that Jesus will return to judge the living and the dead, establish His kingdom, and bring an end to sin and death (Matthew 24:29-31; 1 Thessalonians 4:16-17; Revelation 1:7; 22:12-13).

The Significance of Easter Symbols

Many symbols and traditions are associated with the celebration of Easter, each carrying a unique biblical significance. Understanding these symbols can enrich our understanding of the Easter story and enhance our worship experience.

The Cross

The cross is perhaps the most recognizable symbol of Christianity and the Easter story. It represents the instrument of Jesus’ crucifixion and serves as a powerful reminder of His sacrifice for the sins of humanity.

The cross is often displayed prominently in churches and homes during the Easter season, symbolizing the love and forgiveness offered through Jesus’ death and resurrection (1 Corinthians 1:18; Philippians 2:8; Colossians 1:20).

The Empty Tomb

The empty tomb symbolizes Jesus’ resurrection and victory over death. It is a vivid reminder that Jesus is alive and that believers can have confidence in the promise of eternal life (Romans 6:4; 1 Corinthians 15:54-57).

In many churches, the empty tomb is depicted in art or reenacted through dramatic presentations during Easter services, emphasizing the miraculous nature of Jesus’ resurrection.

The Lamb

The lamb is a symbol of Jesus, who is often referred to as the “Lamb of God” in the Bible (John 1:29; Revelation 5:12). This title is a reference to the sacrificial lambs of the Old Testament, whose blood was shed to atone for the sins of the people (Exodus 12:1-13).

Jesus, as the Lamb of God, became the ultimate and perfect sacrifice, taking away the sins of the world through His death on the cross (Hebrews 9:11-14; 1 Peter 1:18-19). During Easter, the image of the lamb reminds us of Jesus’ selfless sacrifice and the redemption He offers to all who believe in Him.

The Butterfly

The butterfly is another symbol often associated with Easter, representing the transformation and new life found in Jesus Christ. Just as a caterpillar undergoes metamorphosis to become a butterfly, believers in Christ experience spiritual transformation when they accept Him as their Savior (2 Corinthians 5:17; Romans 12:2).

The butterfly serves as a reminder of the hope and renewal available through faith in Jesus and the promise of eternal life.


Easter is a celebration of the most crucial event in the Christian faith: the resurrection of Jesus Christ. The biblical account of Jesus’ crucifixion, burial, and resurrection serves as the foundation for the hope and promise of eternal life for those who believe in Him.

It is a reminder of the incredible sacrifice Jesus made on our behalf and the love and power of God that conquered sin and death.

As Christians gather to celebrate Easter, it is essential to reflect on the biblical basis of this holy day and the profound significance of Jesus’ resurrection.

The Easter story provides a message of hope, renewal, and transformation, inviting believers to embrace the promise of eternal life in Christ and to share this message with the world.

In a world that often feels broken and uncertain, the Easter message is one of hope, victory, and redemption.

As we remember and celebrate the resurrection of Jesus Christ, let us carry the light of His love and grace into our lives and the lives of those around us, embodying the transformative power of the Gospel and anticipating the glorious return of our Savior.

By exploring the various symbols and traditions associated with Easter, we can deepen our understanding of this holy day and its biblical foundations.

As we engage with the rich symbolism of the cross, the empty tomb, the lamb, and the butterfly, we are reminded of the many facets of the Easter story and its ongoing relevance in our lives.

May the message of Easter inspire us to live lives of faith, hope, and love, sharing the good news of Jesus Christ with those around us and rejoicing in the promise of eternal life.

As we celebrate the resurrection of our Lord and Savior, let our hearts be filled with gratitude for the incredible gift of salvation and the love of God that knows no bounds.

Pastor duke taber
Pastor Duke Taber

Pastor Duke Taber

All articles have been written or reviewed by Pastor Duke Taber.
Pastor Duke Taber is an alumnus of Life Pacific University and Multnomah Biblical Seminary.
He has been in pastoral ministry since 1988.
Today he is the owner and managing editor of 3 successful Christian websites that support missionaries around the world.
He is currently starting a brand new church in Mesquite NV called Mesquite Worship Center, a Non-Denominational Spirit Filled Christian church in Mesquite Nevada.