What is a Primitive Baptist Church and What Do They Believe?
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What is a Primitive Baptist Church and What Do They Believe?


In the ever-expanding world of Christianity, various denominations have emerged, each with their own unique beliefs and practices. One such denomination is the Primitive Baptist Church. While it may not be as well-known as other denominations, it has a rich history and a distinct set of beliefs that define its members’ faith. This blog post aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the Primitive Baptist Church, its history, and its core beliefs, to help you better understand this particular denomination and its place within the larger Christian community.

The Primitive Baptist Church has its roots in the early 19th century, during a period of significant religious revivals and reform movements in the United States. As a reaction to these events, many Christians sought to return to the simple, primitive practices of the early church as described in the New Testament. Thus, the Primitive Baptist Church was born, adhering to the belief that the teachings of the Bible should be the sole guide for Christian faith and practice, unencumbered by the traditions and doctrines that have developed over time.

What is a primitive baptist church and what do they believe?

A Brief History of the Primitive Baptist Church

The Primitive Baptist Church traces its origins to the early 1800s in the United States, particularly in the southern and mid-Atlantic states. It emerged as a response to the religious revivals of the Second Great Awakening, which many felt had strayed too far from the original teachings of the New Testament. Early leaders of the movement, such as Daniel Parker, emphasized the importance of returning to the primitive practices of the early church and rejecting what they saw as man-made innovations in worship and doctrine.

Primitive Baptists were also concerned with preserving the autonomy of local congregations, and as a result, they opposed missionary societies, Sunday schools, and other organizations that they believed threatened the independence of local churches. This stance led to a split from the main body of the Baptist Church, and by the mid-19th century, Primitive Baptists had established themselves as a separate denomination.

Core Beliefs of the Primitive Baptist Church

1. The Bible as the Sole Authority for Faith and Practice

Primitive Baptists believe that the Bible, particularly the New Testament, is the ultimate and sole authority for Christian faith and practice (2 Timothy 3:16-17, NKJV). They reject any religious teachings or practices not explicitly found in the Scriptures, including creeds, confessions, and extra-biblical traditions.

2. The Sovereignty of God in Salvation

A key tenet of Primitive Baptist theology is the belief in the absolute sovereignty of God in salvation. They adhere to the doctrines of grace, also known as the “Five Points of Calvinism,” which emphasize the total depravity of man, unconditional election, limited atonement, irresistible grace, and the perseverance of the saints (Ephesians 1:4-6, NKJV; Romans 9:15-16, NKJV). Primitive Baptists assert that salvation is entirely a work of God’s grace, and that no human effort can contribute to it (Ephesians 2:8-9, NKJV).

3. The Local Church as an Autonomous Body

Primitive Baptists place a strong emphasis on the autonomy of local congregations. They believe that each church should be self-governing, without interference from any higher ecclesiastical authority. This conviction is rooted in their understanding of the New Testament, which describes local churches as independent entities under the headship of Jesus Christ (Colossians 1:18, NKJV).

4. The Practice of Believer’s Baptism

Following the example set in the New Testament, Primitive Baptists practice believer’s baptism by immersion. They believe that baptism is an outward symbol of an inward spiritual transformation and should only be administered to those who have made a conscious decision to follow Jesus Christ (Acts 2:38, NKJV). Baptism by immersion is seen as the most faithful representation of the death, burial, and resurrection of Jesus (Romans 6:3-4, NKJV).

5. The Lord’s Supper as a Memorial

Primitive Baptists observe the Lord’s Supper as a memorial of Jesus’ sacrifice on the cross, following the instructions given by Jesus during the Last Supper (1 Corinthians 11:23-26, NKJV). They believe that the bread and wine represent the body and blood of Christ and serve as a reminder of His atoning work for the sins of humanity. The Lord’s Supper is typically observed in a solemn and reverential manner, with participants examining their hearts before partaking (1 Corinthians 11:28, NKJV).

6. The Regulative Principle of Worship

Primitive Baptists adhere to the regulative principle of worship, which states that only those elements of worship explicitly commanded or exemplified in the Bible should be practiced by the church. This approach seeks to maintain the purity of worship by excluding human inventions and innovations that are not supported by Scripture. As a result, Primitive Baptist worship services are typically simple and unadorned, focusing on the preaching of the Word, prayer, and congregational singing of hymns.


The Primitive Baptist Church is a distinct denomination within the larger Christian community, characterized by its commitment to the simplicity and purity of the early church as described in the New Testament. Its members adhere to the doctrines of grace, emphasize the autonomy of local congregations, and practice believer’s baptism by immersion and the Lord’s Supper as a memorial.

While the Primitive Baptist Church may be less well-known than other denominations, its unique history and beliefs have shaped a faithful and dedicated community of believers who are committed to upholding the teachings of the Bible as their sole authority for faith and practice. By understanding the history and core beliefs of the Primitive Baptist Church, we can better appreciate its place within the broader Christian landscape and engage in meaningful dialogue with those who adhere to this particular expression of the Christian faith.

In a world marked by ever-increasing complexity and an array of religious beliefs and practices, the Primitive Baptist Church serves as a reminder of the importance of staying grounded in the essential truths of Scripture. As Christians, we can learn from their example and strive to maintain a simple, Christ-centered faith that is rooted in the teachings of the Bible and focused on glorifying God in all that we do.

Pastor duke taber
Pastor Duke Taber

Pastor Duke Taber

All articles have been written or reviewed by Pastor Duke Taber.
Pastor Duke Taber is an alumnus of Life Pacific University and Multnomah Biblical Seminary.
He has been in pastoral ministry since 1988.
Today he is the owner and managing editor of 3 successful Christian websites that support missionaries around the world.
He is currently starting a brand new church in Mesquite NV called Mesquite Worship Center, a Non-Denominational Spirit Filled Christian church in Mesquite Nevada.