What is a Buckler in the Bible?

A buckler is a small shield that was used defensively in hand-to-hand combat during Biblical times. The word “buckler” appears over 35 times in the Bible in the King James Version, and it refers to a type of portable, round shield that provided protection for warriors.


In ancient warfare, different kinds of shields were used by soldiers and warriors for defense and protection. The buckler was a small, round shield that was very maneuverable and could be easily carried by soldiers as they engaged in battle. Bucklers were an essential part of a warrior’s armor and vital for defense in close combat.

Understanding what a buckler is in the Bible gives us insight into the weapons and tactics used in Biblical warfare. Examining how bucklers are portrayed and mentioned in Scripture also reveals symbolic truths about faith and God’s protection over His people. As we explore what the Bible says about bucklers, we can gain a greater appreciation for the spiritual parallels and life lessons that can be drawn from this intriguing piece of armor.

Key Takeaways:

  • A buckler was a small, round shield used defensively in hand-to-hand combat.
  • Bucklers provided maneuverable protection for warriors, allowing freedom of movement.
  • Scriptural references to bucklers often symbolize God’s strength and protective power.
  • Faith is compared to a buckler, providing a defense against spiritual attacks.
  • Understanding biblical bucklers helps reveal truths about spiritual warfare and God’s provision.
What is a Buckler in the Bible?

What is a Buckler?

A buckler was a small type of shield that was very effective for hand-to-hand combat during ancient times. Bucklers were round or oval-shaped and were held with a central grip. This allowed them to be easily maneuvered to block and parry attacks in close quarters fighting.

Bucklers were much smaller than body shields which provided more coverage. A buckler was light and portable, usually between 12-18 inches in diameter. It was worn on one arm and could be readily moved around to deflect blows from swords, arrows, and spears. The curved or domed shape allowed blows to be deflected to the side rather than directly absorbed by the shield.

Bucklers were made from a wooden base reinforced with metal bosses, leather, or wickerwork. The metal bosses added strength and durability to the center, while the leather or wickerwork improved the Surface’s ability to deflect blows. Somebucklers had a sharpened spike extending from the central boss which could be used offensively. However, bucklers were intended mostly for defensive purposes rather than attacking.

Compared to a body shield, the buckler’s smaller size allowed greater freedom of movement and versatility in combat. Warriors wielding swords, daggers, axes, or maces could carry a buckler for defense, unlike the larger shields which required the use of both arms. The buckler remained an important defense weapon from ancient times through the Middle Ages into the advent of gunpowder weapons.

How Bucklers Were Used

Bucklers were vital pieces of armor for warriors and soldiers who fought at close quarters with shorter weapons. The small size and light weight allowed them to be easily carried and swiftly maneuvered during combat. Here are some of the key ways bucklers were utilized:

Blocking Blows

The primary use of bucklers was to block and deflect incoming blows from the enemy. The domed shape allowed slashing strokes from swords or axes to be glanced to the side rather than taking the force directly. Thrusting weapons like spears could also be deflected. Bucklers provided a critical last line of defense for a warrior’s body when dodging or parrying wasn’t possible.

Punching Offensively

While mostly defensive, skilled buckler users could punch aggressively with the shield’s metal boss to disrupt an opponent. Striking an enemy fighter with the hardened boss could throw them off balance or create an opening to press an attack. Some bucklers had a sharp point or spike in the middle which provided an offensive stabbing option as well.

Probing and Deflecting

Lighter bucklers could be quickly moved around to probe and test an opponent’s defenses. Rapidly moving the shield to check reactions allowed users to identify weaknesses and openings. The agility and small size of bucklers gave fighters more options for deflecting attacks from multiple directions in the press of close combat.

Protecting Comrades

Small bands of warriors could use their bucklers collectively to protect companions. Groups of soldiers overlapping shields could create a temporary barrier against arrows, spears, or chariot attacks. Several interlocked bucklers provided some cover allowing a shielded unit to move forward against attacks.

Parrying and Weapon Trapping

An experienced buckler user was able to quickly move the shield to parry and trap an opponent’s weapon momentarily. Trapping or pinning the enemy’s sword or weapon created a vital window to counterattack before they could recover. The shield’s curved surface allowed blows to be glanced to the side and away rather than directly received.

Bucklers in Scripture

Various passages in Scripture mention bucklers and shields which were part of the armaments of warriors and soldiers in Biblical times. Examining how these pieces of armor are portrayed gives insight into both military tactics and deep spiritual truths.

Old Testament References

In the Old Testament, bucklers appear as part of the armor of warriors prepared for battle as well as symbolic representations of protection and deliverance.

  • When Abram went to battle to rescue Lot, his men carried bucklers and other weapons (Genesis 14:13-16).
  • Saul equipped David with his armor including a helmet, coat of mail, sword, and buckler when facing Goliath (1 Samuel 17:5-7, 38-39).
  • Some of the mighty men of David’s army were skilled at using the spear and buckler together in combat (2 Samuel 23:9).
  • The Babylonians prepared for siege with shields, bucklers, and other weapons (Jeremiah 46:3-4).
  • God is a trusted refuge who is “my buckler, and the horn of my salvation, and my high tower” (2 Samuel 22:3).
  • Bucklers represent God’s strength: “For who is God save the Lord? or who is a rock save our God? It is God that girdeth me with strength, and maketh my way perfect. He maketh my feet like hinds’ feet, and setteth me upon my high places. He teacheth my hands to war, so that a bow of steel is broken by mine arms. Thou hast also given me the shield of thy salvation: and thy right hand hath holden me up, and thy gentleness hath made me great. Thou hast enlarged my steps under me, that my feet did not slip.” (Psalms 18:31-36)

New Testament References

While not directly mentioned as much in the New Testament, shield and buckler analogies continue as figures of spiritual defense and protection:

  • Solders mocked Jesus by placing a reed in his right hand as a mock scepter while striking him and spitting on him. The reed resembled a flexible buckler made of wicker (Matthew 27:29-30).
  • Paul exhorts believers to take up the “shield of faith” along with other spiritual armor in standing against evil (Ephesians 6:16).
  • God’s foundational truth protects like a buckler: “Every word of God is pure: he is a shield unto them that put their trust in him.” (Proverbs 30:5)
  • Wisdom and understanding protect like a buckler: “When wisdom entereth into thine heart, and knowledge is pleasant unto thy soul; Discretion shall preserve thee, understanding shall keep thee: To deliver thee from the way of the evil man, from the man that speaketh froward things; Who leave the paths of uprightness, to walk in the ways of darkness.” (Proverbs 2:10-13)

Symbolic & Spiritual Meaning

Beyond being just a literal piece of armor, the buckler shield represents profound symbolic meaning as God’s strength and protection for His people throughout Scripture.

Defense Against Spiritual Attack

Bucklers provide a parallel example of the protection God extends to believers through faith. As Paul wrote, taking up the “shield of faith” defends against the “fiery darts of the wicked.” Just as a warrior was shielded against physical blows, our faith shields us spiritually (Ephesians 6:11-17).

Salvation in God

The Psalms and other verses use “shield” and “buckler” interchangeably as figures of salvation and deliverance found in God alone. “He is a shield for all those who take refuge in him” (2 Samuel 22:31). Just as a warrior’s life was preserved by his shield, our lives are protected through faith in Christ.

Security and Refuge

Bucklers conjure imagery of a mighty fortress sheltering a warrior amid battle. So God shelters and is a strong refuge for us: “The Lord is my rock, my fortress, and my deliverer, my God, my rock in whom I take refuge.” (Psalm 18:2) No matter the struggle, He is our buckler.

Strength to Defend

A buckler allowed a warrior to both attack and defend. Likewise through Christ, “I can do all things” (Phil 4:13). With His strength we are equipped to withstand any adversary. “He trains my hands for war, so that my arms can bend a bow of bronze.” (Psalm 18:34)

Freedom and Mobility

Unlike full shields, bucklers allowed movement and visibility in combat. So too the Gospel gives freedom through Christ who said “If the Son sets you free, you will be free indeed.” (John 8:36) By defending our spiritual flanks, He liberates us.

Lessons for Believers Today

The buckler shield used by ancient warriors offers insightful parallels for modern Christian life:

  • Have active faith that moves and deflects attacks through the Holy Spirit’s help. Don’t just hide behind the shield but dynamically respond to challenges.
  • Let sound doctrine protect your thoughts. Guard against doubts and false teachings with Scriptural truth.
  • Allow Holy Spirit to guide your defenses moment by moment. Don’t rely on your own instincts or skills which can fail.
  • Overlap with other believers for mutual protection and security against spiritual onslaught.
  • Move forward advancing God’s Kingdom behind the shield of faith. Don’t just defend ground but claim new territory.
  • Use both defensive and offensive spiritual weapons together – pray while defending using Scripture.
  • Don’t become encumbered carrying too much spiritual baggage. Travel light and mobile.
  • Ensure the “boss” or center of your faith remains hardened steel. Don’t let it erode or soften over time.
  • Stay near the Commander who sees and directs the whole battlefield for protection. Don’t stray from Jesus.


The small buckler shield may seem like an obscure piece of military gear. However, this vital armor provides enriching lessons for Christians today about wielding faith to defend against spiritual forces of evil. Just as the buckler allowed ancient soldiers to block blows, stand firm in battle, and move freely in combat, faith empowers believers to deflect the enemy’s attacks. Scripture’s shield symbolism assures us of God’s strength and deliverance through our Savior Jesus Christ. He protects those who abide in Him. When wielded skillfully, the “shield of faith” can defend us mightily during life’s battles.

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