What Happened to Theophilus in the Bible?
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What Happened to Theophilus in the Bible?


The Bible is filled with a multitude of characters who have played significant roles in the unfolding story of God’s relationship with humanity. Some figures are well-known, while others remain in the background. One such figure is Theophilus, to whom the Gospel of Luke and the Book of Acts are addressed.

Although Theophilus is not a prominent character in the Bible, his inclusion in these two significant New Testament books is noteworthy and intriguing. This blog post will explore what we know about Theophilus, his identity, and his importance in the biblical narrative.

Theophilus is mentioned only twice in the entire Bible, and both instances are in the opening verses of Luke and Acts. Despite the limited references to him, these two books provide a wealth of insight into his life and influence.

Through careful examination of these texts, we can gain a better understanding of who Theophilus was and his role in the biblical story.

The following sections will delve into the biblical context, the possible identity of Theophilus, the meaning of his name, the purpose of his inclusion in Luke and Acts, and the significance of his relationship with the author.

What happened to theophilus in the bible?

Biblical Context

Luke 1:1-4

In the Gospel of Luke, the author begins by addressing Theophilus in the opening verses. Luke writes:

“Inasmuch as many have taken in hand to set in order a narrative of those things which have been fulfilled among us, just as those who from the beginning were eyewitnesses and ministers of the word delivered them to us, it seemed good to me also, having had perfect understanding of all things from the very first, to write to you an orderly account, most excellent Theophilus, that you may know the certainty of those things in which you were instructed.” (Luke 1:1-4, NKJV)

Acts 1:1-2

Similarly, in the Book of Acts, the author once again addresses Theophilus, stating:

“The former account I made, O Theophilus, of all that Jesus began both to do and teach, until the day in which He was taken up, after He through the Holy Spirit had given commandments to the apostles whom He had chosen.” (Acts 1:1-2, NKJV)

These two passages provide the primary biblical context for our understanding of Theophilus and his role in the biblical narrative.

Possible Identity of Theophilus

A High-ranking Official

The name “Theophilus” is of Greek origin, meaning “friend of God” or “loved by God.” The use of the title “most excellent” in Luke 1:3 suggests that Theophilus was a person of high social standing, possibly a high-ranking Roman official or a wealthy patron.

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Some scholars have proposed that Theophilus might have been a Roman governor or a member of the Roman elite, based on the use of this title. However, there is no definitive evidence to support these claims.

A Symbolic Representation

Another theory is that Theophilus was not an actual person, but rather a symbolic representation of all believers or seekers of the truth. In this view, the name “Theophilus” would represent anyone who is a “friend of God” or “loved by God.”

Thus, Luke and Acts would be addressed to all readers who seek to know the truth about Jesus and the early Christian church.

The Meaning of Theophilus’ Name

Friend of God

As previously mentioned, Theophilus’ name means “friend of God” or “loved by God.” This name could serve as an encouragement to readers, reminding them of their relationship with God and their standing as His friends.

By addressing the Gospel of Luke and the Book of Acts to Theophilus, the author might be emphasizing the importance of being in a close relationship with God and seeking to know Him more intimately through the study of these accounts.

Loved by God

The meaning of Theophilus’ name also suggests that God’s love extends to all people who seek Him and are committed to following Jesus. Theophilus may have been a particular individual, but the name’s meaning conveys a broader message of God’s love for all who desire to know Him and be transformed by the truth.

Purpose of Theophilus’ Inclusion in Luke and Acts

A Dedication to a Patron

One possible reason for Theophilus’ inclusion in the Gospel of Luke and the Book of Acts is that he was a patron who supported the author’s work. In the ancient world, it was common for writers to dedicate their works to patrons who provided financial support or protection.

By dedicating these two books to Theophilus, the author may be acknowledging his patron’s assistance and expressing gratitude for his support.

A Model for Believers

Another possible purpose for Theophilus’ inclusion is to serve as a model for other believers.

By addressing these books to a person who was evidently committed to understanding the teachings of Jesus and the events of the early church, the author may be encouraging readers to emulate Theophilus’ dedication and earnestness in their own pursuit of the truth.

A Guarantee of Accuracy

Theophilus’ inclusion in the Gospel of Luke and the Book of Acts might also serve as a guarantee of the accuracy and reliability of the accounts.

In Luke 1:3-4, the author states that he has “had perfect understanding of all things from the very first” and has written “an orderly account” so that Theophilus may “know the certainty of those things in which [he was] instructed.”

By addressing these books to a specific individual, the author is demonstrating his commitment to providing an accurate and trustworthy account of the events described.

Significance of Theophilus’ Relationship with the Author

A Testimony of Trust

The fact that the author of Luke and Acts chose to address these two books to Theophilus suggests a relationship of trust and respect between them. Theophilus may have been a mentor, a friend, or a supporter of the author’s work, and his inclusion in these books is a testament to the importance of their relationship.

An Invitation to All

Theophilus’ relationship with the author also serves as an invitation for all readers to engage with the biblical narrative and become part of the story of God’s redemption.

By addressing these two books to Theophilus, the author is inviting readers to join in the journey of discovering the truth about Jesus and the early church, and to experience the life-transforming power of the gospel.


Although Theophilus is not a prominent character in the Bible, his inclusion in the Gospel of Luke and the Book of Acts is significant and thought-provoking.

His identity remains uncertain, but the various theories surrounding his identity reveal the rich layers of meaning that can be found in his name and his role in these two New Testament books.

Theophilus’ inclusion in Luke and Acts serves several purposes, from acknowledging a possible patron to serving as a model for believers and guaranteeing the accuracy of the accounts.

His relationship with the author underscores the importance of trust and respect in the pursuit of truth and invites readers to become part of the ongoing story of God’s redemption.

In the end, whether Theophilus was an actual person or a symbolic representation of all believers, his presence in the Gospel of Luke and the Book of Acts adds depth to our understanding of these texts and invites us to consider the profound impact of the biblical narrative on our own lives.

The story of Theophilus encourages us to pursue a deeper relationship with God, to seek the truth about Jesus and His teachings, and to allow our lives to be transformed by the power of the gospel.

Pastor duke taber
Pastor Duke Taber

Pastor Duke Taber

All articles have been written or reviewed by Pastor Duke Taber.
Pastor Duke Taber is an alumnus of Life Pacific University and Multnomah Biblical Seminary.
He has been in pastoral ministry since 1988.
Today he is the owner and managing editor of 3 successful Christian websites that support missionaries around the world.
He is currently starting a brand new church in Mesquite NV called Mesquite Worship Center, a Non-Denominational Spirit Filled Christian church in Mesquite Nevada.