What does Theophilus mean in the Bible?
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What does Theophilus mean in the Bible?


The Bible is a treasure trove of wisdom, guidance, and historical accounts, filled with numerous characters, places, and events that have shaped the course of human history. One such character that might not be as well-known but holds a significant place in the New Testament is Theophilus.

This article aims to provide an in-depth understanding of the meaning of Theophilus in the Bible, who he was, and his significance in the early Christian community.

Theophilus is mentioned in the opening verses of two books in the New Testament: the Gospel according to Luke and the Acts of the Apostles.

While not much is known about him outside of these two references, his name and the dedication of these books to him suggest that he was an influential figure during the early years of Christianity.

This article will delve into the meaning behind his name, the context of his mention in the Bible, and his potential identity, as well as the implications of his role in the preservation and dissemination of the Gospel message.

What does theophilus mean in the bible?

The Meaning of Theophilus

The name Theophilus is derived from two Greek words: “theos,” which means “God,” and “philos,” which means “friend” or “lover.” Thus, Theophilus translates to “lover of God” or “friend of God.” This name is quite fitting for a person who played a crucial role in the spread of the Christian message in the first century.

In the New Testament, Theophilus is addressed with the title “most excellent,” which indicates that he might have held a high social rank or prominent position (Luke 1:3, Acts 1:1 NKJV).

This title implies that he was likely a patron who supported the work of the early Christians, especially the apostle Luke, who dedicated both the Gospel according to Luke and the Acts of the Apostles to him.

The Gospel according to Luke and Theophilus

The Gospel according to Luke is one of the four canonical gospels in the New Testament, and it provides a detailed account of the life, teachings, death, and resurrection of Jesus Christ. In the opening verses of the Gospel, Luke addresses Theophilus directly, dedicating the work to him:

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“Inasmuch as many have taken in hand to set in order a narrative of those things which have been fulfilled among us, just as those who from the beginning were eyewitnesses and ministers of the word delivered them to us, it seemed good to me also, having had perfect understanding of all things from the very first, to write to you an orderly account, most excellent Theophilus, that you may know the certainty of those things in which you were instructed” (Luke 1:1-4 NKJV).

Here, Luke explains his purpose in writing the Gospel: to provide Theophilus with an orderly and accurate account of the life of Jesus and the events that took place during His ministry.

This dedication suggests that Theophilus was already familiar with the teachings of Jesus and had been instructed in the Christian faith, but Luke wanted to provide him with a more comprehensive and well-researched account to confirm and strengthen his faith.

The Acts of the Apostles and Theophilus

The Acts of the Apostles, also written by Luke, is a historical account of the early Christian church and the spread of the Gospel message after Jesus’ ascension into heaven. It begins with another dedication to Theophilus:

“The former account I made, O Theophilus, of all that Jesus began both to do and teach, until the day in which He was taken up, after He through the Holy Spirit had given commandments to the apostles whom He had chosen” (Acts 1:1-2 NKJV).

This dedication links the Gospel according to Luke and the Acts of the Apostles, showing that they are two parts of a single work addressed to the same recipient, Theophilus.

In this second dedication, Luke reminds Theophilus of the previous account he had written, which detailed the life and teachings of Jesus, and proceeds to describe the events that took place after Jesus’ ascension, highlighting the work of the apostles and the early Christian church.

The Identity of Theophilus

While the exact identity of Theophilus remains a matter of speculation, several theories have been proposed. Some scholars believe that Theophilus could have been a high-ranking Roman official or a wealthy patron who supported Luke’s efforts to write and disseminate the Gospel message.

Others suggest that Theophilus might have been a Jewish priest or a member of the Sanhedrin, the Jewish ruling council, who was interested in or had converted to Christianity.

Another theory is that Theophilus might not have been an individual at all but rather a symbolic representation of all those who love God and seek to learn more about the Christian faith.

In this view, Luke’s dedication to Theophilus serves as a dedication to all readers who share a love for God and a desire to know the truth about Jesus and the early Christian church.

The Significance of Theophilus in the Bible

Regardless of his exact identity, Theophilus holds an important place in the Bible and the history of Christianity.

By dedicating both the Gospel according to Luke and the Acts of the Apostles to him, Luke acknowledges Theophilus as a significant figure who likely played a crucial role in the preservation and dissemination of the Gospel message.

Theophilus’ status as a “most excellent” individual suggests that he had the means and influence to help spread the Christian message to a wider audience.

Moreover, his interest in the teachings of Jesus and the early Christian church indicates that he was a sincere believer who sought to deepen his understanding of the faith. In this sense, Theophilus serves as a model for all Christians, demonstrating the importance of seeking and supporting the truth of the Gospel.


Theophilus, though mentioned only twice in the New Testament, holds a significant place in the early history of Christianity.

As the recipient of both the Gospel according to Luke and the Acts of the Apostles, he was likely an influential figure who supported the work of the early Christians and helped preserve and spread the Gospel message.

His name, which means “lover of God” or “friend of God,” is a reminder of the importance of devotion and commitment to the Christian faith.

Whether he was a high-ranking official, a member of the Jewish religious establishment, or a symbolic representation of all believers, Theophilus serves as an inspiration for all who seek to deepen their understanding of the teachings of Jesus and the early Christian church.

In conclusion, Theophilus stands as a testament to the power of faith and the importance of supporting and preserving the Gospel message for future generations.

As we continue to study and learn from the Bible, let us be inspired by Theophilus’ example, striving to be lovers and friends of God who seek the truth and work to share the good news of Jesus Christ with others.

Pastor duke taber
Pastor Duke Taber

Pastor Duke Taber

All articles have been written or reviewed by Pastor Duke Taber.
Pastor Duke Taber is an alumnus of Life Pacific University and Multnomah Biblical Seminary.
He has been in pastoral ministry since 1988.
Today he is the owner and managing editor of 3 successful Christian websites that support missionaries around the world.
He is currently starting a brand new church in Mesquite NV called Mesquite Worship Center, a Non-Denominational Spirit Filled Christian church in Mesquite Nevada.