What Does the Bible Say About Marriage? A Comprehensive Guide
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What Does the Bible Say About Marriage? A Comprehensive Guide


Marriage is a sacred union that has been around for centuries, and it is a fundamental part of most cultures around the world. As Christians, we look to the Bible as our ultimate source of guidance on marriage. The Bible teaches us the significance of this union, its purpose, and how to apply its teachings in our own lives.

The Bible provides a comprehensive understanding of marriage, and it is a vital resource for couples who are seeking to build a strong, healthy, and lasting relationship. In this guide, we will explore what the Bible says about marriage and its significance. We will examine the biblical definition of marriage, its purpose, the roles and responsibilities of husbands and wives, the challenges that couples may face, and how to overcome them biblically.

Whether you are married, engaged, or single, this guide will provide you with biblical principles and practical guidance that can help you build a strong and healthy relationship. By applying these teachings, you can experience the fullness of the blessing that God has in store for you through your marriage. So, let us dive into what the Bible says about marriage and how we can apply its teachings in our lives.

marriage in the Bible

The Biblical Definition of Marriage

The Bible provides a clear definition of marriage, which can be found in Genesis 2:24:

“Therefore a man shall leave his father and mother and be joined to his wife, and they shall become one flesh.”

According to this verse, marriage is a union between a man and a woman, where they become one flesh. This union is meant to be a lifelong commitment, as Jesus himself affirmed in Matthew 19:6:

“So then, they are no longer two but one flesh. Therefore what God has joined together, let not man separate.”

Furthermore, the Bible teaches that husbands and wives have distinct roles and responsibilities in their marriage. In Ephesians 5:22-33, the Apostle Paul provides guidance on how husbands and wives should relate to one another:

  • Husbands are called to love their wives sacrificially, just as Christ loved the church.
  • Wives are called to submit to their husbands, as to the Lord.

The Roles and Responsibilities of Husbands and Wives

The role of the husband is to be the leader of the household. He is responsible for providing for his family and protecting them. He is also called to love his wife sacrificially, just as Christ loved the church. This means that he is willing to lay down his life for his wife and put her needs above his own. In Colossians 3:19, husbands are instructed to “love your wives and do not be bitter toward them.”

The role of the wife is to support her husband in his leadership role. She is to be a helper to her husband, as mentioned in Genesis 2:18, “And the Lord God said, ‘It is not good that man should be alone; I will make him a helper comparable to him.'” She is called to submit to her husband as to the Lord, as stated in Ephesians 5:22, “Wives, submit to your own husbands, as to the Lord.” This does not mean that she is inferior to her husband, but rather that she recognizes his leadership and follows his direction.

The Purpose of Marriage According to the Bible

Marriage serves several purposes, according to the Bible. These include:

Companionship and Partnership

In Genesis 2:18, God said, “It is not good that man should be alone; I will make him a helper comparable to him.” This verse highlights the need for companionship and partnership in marriage. The husband and wife are meant to complement each other, with each providing support and encouragement to the other.

Procreation and Family

Another purpose of marriage is procreation and the formation of a family. In Genesis 1:28, God blessed Adam and Eve and said to them, “Be fruitful and multiply; fill the earth and subdue it.” The Bible teaches that children are a gift from God (Psalm 127:3-5) and that parents have a responsibility to raise them in the fear and admonition of the Lord (Ephesians 6:4).

Symbolic Representation of Christ and the Church

In Ephesians 5:31-32, the Apostle Paul writes, “For this reason, a man shall leave his father and mother and be joined to his wife, and the two shall become one flesh. This is a great mystery, but I speak concerning Christ and the church.” Marriage is also meant to be a symbolic representation of the relationship between Christ and the church. As the church submits to Christ, so the wife is called to submit to her husband. As Christ loves the church sacrificially, so the husband is called to love his wife.

Marriage and Divorce

The Bible teaches that marriage is a lifelong commitment and that divorce should only be considered in cases of infidelity (Matthew 19:9) or desertion by an unbelieving spouse (1 Corinthians 7:15). However, even in these cases, divorce should only be considered as a last resort. The Bible encourages forgiveness and reconciliation in marriage, as demonstrated by God’s own forgiveness and reconciliation with humanity (Ephesians 4:32).

The Importance of Forgiveness

Forgiveness is a crucial aspect of any healthy marriage. The Bible teaches that we should forgive others as God has forgiven us. Colossians 3:13 says, “bearing with one another, and forgiving one another, if anyone has a complaint against another; even as Christ forgave you, so you also must do.” Forgiveness allows couples to move past their mistakes and focus on building a better future together.

Love and Marriage

Love is a central theme in the Bible, and it is also essential in marriage. The Bible defines love as sacrificial and selfless rather than a mere feeling. In 1 Corinthians 13:4-8, the Apostle Paul provides a detailed description of love, which includes:

These qualities are crucial in a healthy and thriving marriage. In addition to these qualities, mutual respect and honor are also essential in a marriage relationship.

The Importance of Mutual Respect and Honor

Mutual respect and honor are necessary for any marriage to thrive. In 1 Peter 3:7, husbands are instructed to “dwell with [their] wives with understanding, giving honor to the wife, as to the weaker vessel, and as being heirs together of the grace of life, that your prayers may not be hindered.” This verse highlights the importance of treating one’s spouse with respect and honor, recognizing their equal value and worth in God’s eyes.

Challenges in Marriage

Marriage is not always easy, and couples may face various challenges along the way. However, the Bible provides guidance on how to handle these challenges. Here are some common challenges in marriage and how to address them biblically:

Dealing with Conflict in a Biblical Way

Conflicts are a common occurrence in any marriage, but how couples handle them can make all the difference. The Bible encourages us to deal with conflicts in a peaceful and respectful way (Ephesians 4:2-3). Couples should also be quick to forgive each other and avoid holding grudges (Colossians 3:13).

Overcoming Communication Barriers in Marriage

Effective communication is vital in any marriage. The Bible teaches that we should be slow to speak, quick to listen, and slow to anger (James 1:19). Couples should also communicate openly and honestly with each other, sharing their thoughts and feelings without fear of judgment.

The Role of Forgiveness in Building a Healthy Marriage

Forgiveness is a vital component in any healthy and thriving marriage. The Bible teaches that we should forgive each other as God has forgiven us (Ephesians 4:32). Forgiveness allows couples to move past their mistakes and focus on building a better future together.


In conclusion, the Bible provides comprehensive guidance on marriage, its purpose, challenges, and how to apply its teachings in your own marriage. As Christians, we are called to honor and respect the sanctity of marriage and to be faithful to our spouses. By following biblical principles and seeking God’s guidance, we can build strong, healthy, and lasting marriages that bring glory to God.

Marriage is a beautiful and sacred union that is designed to bring fulfillment and joy to a couple’s life. However, it requires effort, sacrifice, and a willingness to put the needs of one’s spouse ahead of one’s own. As Christians, we are called to follow the example of Christ in our marriages, loving sacrificially, forgiving quickly, and seeking the good of our spouse above all else.

If you are married, I encourage you to seek God’s guidance and wisdom in your relationship. Take time to read and study the Bible together, pray for each other, and seek the counsel of wise and godly mentors. If you are considering marriage, take the time to prepare yourself spiritually, emotionally, and practically for this significant commitment.

Remember, God designed marriage to be a blessing, and by following His principles and seeking His guidance, you can experience the fullness of that blessing in your own life.

Pastor Duke Taber
Pastor Duke Taber

Pastor Duke Taber

All articles have been written or reviewed by Pastor Duke Taber.
Pastor Duke Taber is an alumnus of Life Pacific University and Multnomah Biblical Seminary.
He has been in pastoral ministry since 1988.
Today he is the owner and managing editor of 3 successful Christian websites that support missionaries around the world.
He is currently starting a brand new church in Mesquite NV called Mesquite Worship Center, a Non-Denominational Spirit Filled Christian church in Mesquite Nevada.