What Does the Bible Say About Eating Cows?
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What Does the Bible Say About Eating Cows?

Eating beef and dairy products is commonplace in many cultures around the world. However, as Christians, we must examine what the Bible says about eating cows and other animals to ensure our actions align with God’s will. This comprehensive blog post will explore the Biblical foundation for eating cows, examining key verses and analyzing what they mean for us today. Read on to gain a thoughtful perspective on this important issue.


Consuming beef and dairy foods is culturally accepted and often considered the norm in many societies. From hamburgers to steaks, cheese to ice cream, cows provide nutritious sustenance that fuels and satisfies us. However, as Christ-followers seeking to honor God in all areas of life, we must carefully examine Scripture to understand what it teaches about eating cows and other animals.

Approaching this topic Biblically requires setting aside preconceived notions and being open to God’s perfect wisdom and design. While the Bible does not prohibit eating cows, neither does it promote it as essential. As we will see, Scripture provides helpful guidelines and boundaries for how to evaluate eating cows and other meats in light of our faith. The goal is not to judge or condemn, but to find freedom in honoring Christ with our food choices.

As we explore key Bible passages on this topic, keep an open and prayerful heart. Ask God for discernment to understand His word and willingness to align your actions with His ways, not cultural norms. The principles and perspectives you gain will equip you to make God-honoring decisions, as you seek His kingdom and righteousness first (Matthew 6:33). Remember, God cares about even these mundane aspects of life, so seek to honor Him in all you do (Colossians 3:17).

Now, let’s explore what the Bible reveals about eating cows and other animals. Here are three key takeaways:

Key Takeaways:

  1. The Bible permits eating cows and other animals, but does not require it.
  2. Eating meat comes with moral responsibilities toward animals and the environment.
  3. Motivations matter when choosing to eat meat or abstain from it.

With this foundation, let’s examine key Biblical passages and principles.

The Old Testament Allows Eating Cows

In the creation account, God grants Adam and Eve authority over the animals and plants, indicating they are permitted to eat them:

Then God said, “I give you every seed-bearing plant on the face of the whole earth and every tree that has fruit with seed in it. They will be yours for food. And to all the beasts of the earth and all the birds in the sky and all the creatures that move along the ground—everything that has the breath of life in it—I give every green plant for food.” And it was so. (Genesis 1:29-30)

After the flood, God explicitly permits Noah and his family to eat meat, ending vegetarianism from the Garden of Eden:

Everything that lives and moves about will be food for you. Just as I gave you the green plants, I now give you everything. (Genesis 9:3)

These texts clearly allow the Israelites to eat cows and other animals. The Mosaic Law given to Moses then regulates the humane treatment and slaughter of livestock for food:

If you come across a bird’s nest beside the road, either in a tree or on the ground, and the mother is sitting on the young or on the eggs, do not take the mother with the young. You may take the young, but be sure to let the mother go, so that it may go well with you and you may have a long life. (Deuteronomy 22:6-7)

The Old Testament sets ethical boundaries for animal slaughter and sacrifice, commanding mercy and prohibiting unnecessary suffering. Overall, these passages permit eating cows and other livestock within God’s moral guidelines.

Jesus Declares All Foods Clean

In the New Testament, Jesus further confirms that all foods, including cows, are clean to eat:

Jesus called the crowd to him and said, “Listen and understand. What goes into someone’s mouth does not defile them, but what comes out of their mouth, that is what defiles them.” (Matthew 15:10-11)

“Are you so dull?” he asked. “Don’t you see that nothing that enters a person from the outside can defile them? For it doesn’t go into their heart but into their stomach, and then out of the body.” (In saying this, Jesus declared all foods clean.) (Mark 7:18-19)

Here, Jesus is addressing Jewish food laws and abolishing the Old Testament distinctions between clean and unclean animals. His statements indicate that no food, including cows, is prohibited on spiritual or moral grounds.

Eating Meat Comes With Responsibilities

While the Bible allows eating cows and other animals, this does not mean we have free license to consume without limit. Scripture calls us to steward our resources wisely and treat animals humanely:

A righteous man cares for the needs of his animal. (Proverbs 12:10)

The Lord is good to all; he has compassion on all he has made. (Psalms 145:9)

The Apostle Paul also reminds us that just because something is permissible does not mean it is beneficial:

“I have the right to do anything,” you say—but not everything is beneficial. “I have the right to do anything”—but not everything is constructive. (1 Corinthians 10:23)

As Christians, we must consider not just our rights but also how our food choices impact creation and society, including animal welfare, environmental sustainability, and world hunger. Our freedom in Christ should compel us to responsible stewardship.

Motivations Matter

More than the act of eating itself, the Bible focuses on our motivations behind food choices. Colossians warns against rigid dogma:

Since you died with Christ to the elemental spiritual forces of this world, why, as though you still belonged to the world, do you submit to its rules: “Do not handle! Do not taste! Do not touch!”? These rules, which have to do with things that are all destined to perish with use, are based on merely human commands and teachings. (Colossians 2:20-22)

Moral motivations like environmental stewardship or compassion for animals can be good, but legalism before God is not. Other motivations like gluttony, greed, pride, or apathy toward the poor are sinful.

So when considering eating cows, each Christian must prayerfully examine their motives and “be fully convinced in their own mind” as “those who eat meat and those who abstain” (Romans 14:5-6). The Holy Spirit guides each of us individually as we seek to honor Christ.

Principles For Today

In summary, here are some key principles to guide your decisions about eating cows and other animals:

  • The Bible allows eating cows and other animals, but does not require it. Personal convictions may lead some to vegetarianism.
  • Eating meat comes with moral responsibilities for animal welfare, sustainability, and avoiding waste. Consider environmental and ethical impacts.
  • Motivations matter more than diet. Make choices out of love, not legalism. Consider how your food choices impact others.
  • On disputable matters, accept other Christians who arrive at different conclusions but seek to honor God. Focus on righteousness, peace and joy in the Holy Spirit.


To conclude, the Bible provides helpful guidance on evaluating whether to eat cows and other animals. Scripture permits eating meat but cautions against abusing this freedom through waste, cruelty, or lack of compassion. Most importantly, our motivations matter deeply, as we make decisions out of reverence for God and love for all His creation. While Christians may arrive at different conclusions, we can unity around these Biblical principles for the glory of Christ.

As you make daily food choices, seek the Holy Spirit’s wisdom to know how God is leading you. Be receptive to new information and perspectives but ultimately follow your convictions before God. Trust Him to guide your heart toward righteous actions that honor Christ and avoid legalism and dogma. In all things, remember that “the kingdom of God is not a matter of eating and drinking, but of righteousness, peace and joy in the Holy Spirit” (Romans 14:17). May this Biblical foundation equip you to make God-glorifying decisions as you follow Jesus every day!

Pastor Duke Taber
Pastor Duke Taber

Pastor Duke Taber

All articles have been written or reviewed by Pastor Duke Taber.
Pastor Duke Taber is an alumnus of Life Pacific University and Multnomah Biblical Seminary.
He has been in pastoral ministry since 1988.
Today he is the owner and managing editor of 3 successful Christian websites that support missionaries around the world.
He is currently starting a brand new church in Mesquite NV called Mesquite Worship Center, a Non-Denominational Spirit Filled Christian church in Mesquite Nevada.