What Does the Bible Say About Beggars?

Begging is a complex issue that is discussed throughout the Bible. God cares deeply for the poor and needy, and calls us as Christians to have compassion on those less fortunate than ourselves. However, the Bible also encourages personal responsibility and warns against enabling sin through casual giving.

This blog post will examine key Bible passages about beggars and poverty, analyze the biblical principles behind them, and explore how Christians can uphold justice while also showing mercy.


Begging has existed throughout human history. In ancient cultures, disabled and impoverished people often resorted to begging on streets and roads to survive. Even in prosperous societies today, many citizens still struggle to meet their basic needs.

As Christians, how should we understand and respond to beggars in our midst? The Bible contains wisdom and insight into this difficult social challenge.

Here are three key takeaways about what the Bible teaches regarding beggars:

  1. God deeply cares for the poor and needy. We must show compassion to those begging out of desperation.
  2. But wisdom is needed to uplift lives, not enable sin. Indiscriminate giving can harm beggars and society.
  3. Our ultimate hope is found in Christ. We must address physical and spiritual needs to make a lasting difference.

By examining Scripture, we can gain a balanced, Christ-centered perspective on serving vulnerable members of society like beggars. The principles in God’s word equip us to show compassion wisely.

What Does the Bible Say About Beggars?

God’s Heart for the Poor

A major theme throughout the Bible is God’s heart for the poor and vulnerable. Jesus said he came to preach good news to the poor (Luke 4:18). God promises to care for orphans, widows and foreigners who lacked provision in ancient societies (Deuteronomy 10:18). Scripture repeatedly emphasizes justice for the needy:

Defend the weak and the fatherless; uphold the cause of the poor and the oppressed. Rescue the weak and the needy; deliver them from the hand of the wicked. (Psalm 82:3-4)

Israel’s law even commanded farmers to deliberately leave gleanings in the field. This allowed the poor to gather food for themselves (Leviticus 19:9-10). God cares for all people, including those in desperate poverty.

The Bible applies this principle directly to beggars.

In the parable of the rich man and Lazarus, Jesus highlighted the disconnect between the wealthy and impoverished (Luke 16:19-31). Lazarus was “laid at the rich man’s gate” hoping for scraps of food. But the rich man never helped Lazarus in life. Upon death, Lazarus was carried by angels to a place of blessing while the rich man suffered. Jesus condemns the rich man for ignoring Lazarus’ dire poverty right at his doorstep.

This parable shows God’s heart for beggars. Like Lazarus, people beg when they lack necessities. As Christians, we must see them through Jesus’ eyes – as deeply loved individuals worthy of compassion.

Wise Giving Required

However, the Bible does not promote casual giving to every beggar. Wisdom and discernment are needed to give in ways that uplift lives without enabling sin.

For example, Paul instructed the Thessalonians to discipline those unwilling to work:

For even when we were with you, we gave you this rule: “The one who is unwilling to work shall not eat.” (2 Thessalonians 3:10)

Paul says he used his own labor as an example, working “night and day” to avoid burdening others (2 Thessalonians 3:8). Healthy individuals should seek to provide for themselves.

Likewise, John warns against supporting false teachers who exploit believers:

If anyone comes to your meeting and does not teach the truth about Christ, don’t invite that person into your home or give any kind of encouragement. (2 John 1:10 NLT)

Indiscriminate giving can enable laziness and dishonesty. While poverty itself is not inherently sinful, some beggars develop destructive lifestyles that giving may perpetuate.

As Christians, we are called to assess needs wisely. In 2 Thessalonians, Paul immediately says those unwilling to work should not be left to starve. But they should not continually rely on others either. We must discern how to give in ways that encourage positive change.

The book of Acts provides an excellent example. Peter healed a beggar who was “lame from birth” (Acts 3:2). Rather than remain a beggar, this man entered the temple “walking and leaping and praising God” (Acts 3:8). He became self-sufficient through miraculous healing. Likewise, we should give aid that restores dignity and independence whenever possible.

Meeting Physical and Spiritual Needs

Finally, the Bible reminds us that humanity’s deepest need is redemption found in Christ. Physical aid offers temporary relief, but spiritual rebirth through the gospel provides eternal hope.

Jesus performed many miracles of healing and provision during his ministry. But he ultimately sacrificed himself to deal with the root of human brokenness – sin. Christ’s resurrection enables us to be “born again” spiritually (John 3:3). The book of Acts shows the early church proclaiming this good news while also caring for people’s practical needs.

When encountering beggars, we must remember our highest calling is to share the gospel in word and deed. This may mean partnering with aid organizations, churches, or government services to offer food, shelter, education, and rehabilitation to establish self-sufficiency.

But as we address physical needs, we must also share the spiritual hope found only in Christ. The love of Jesus compels us to show compassion to those begging. It also compels us to share the message of salvation so they can know true freedom.

Principles for Giving to Beggars

In summary, here are several biblical principles to guide our response to beggars today:

  • See beggars through Jesus’ eyes – as people deeply loved by God and worthy of compassion. Their lives matter.
  • Discern legitimate needs. Offer aid to help people become self-sufficient again. Seek transformative giving.
  • Avoid enabling destructive behavior through casual giving. Don’t fund harmful habits. Partner with aid organizations.
  • Share the gospel in word and deed. Meet physical needs but remember spiritual needs are eternal.
  • Advocate for justice and systemic reforms that address root causes of poverty. This is the highest form of service.
  • Let wisdom and discretion guide your response. Not all begging comes from a place of desperation. Be a wise steward.

By keeping these biblical perspectives central, we can make a real difference in the lives of beggars while also building a more just and merciful society. The need requires much prayer, wisdom, and discernment.

Examples of Biblical Figures Encountering Beggars

Scripture contains many examples of biblical figures responding to beggars and those in poverty. Examining their examples offers practical principles for believers today.

Jesus Restores a Beggar’s Dignity

In Luke 18:35-43, Jesus encounters a blind beggar crying out for mercy on the road to Jericho. The crowds try to silence him, but Jesus stops and asks the man directly what he wants. “Lord, I want to see,” he replies. Jesus compassionately heals the man, praising his faith. This restores the man’s dignity and ability to provide for himself.

Peter Offers Holistic Help

In Acts 3:1-10, Peter heals a lame beggar at the temple gate. But he provides more than physical restoration. Peter gives the man spiritual guidance too, telling him to turn to Jesus Christ. And this man then responds in worship and praise to God. Peter addresses both physical and spiritual needs.

John the Baptist Calls for Repentance

John the Baptist urges crowds to share tunics and food with those in need (Luke 3:11). But he couples aid with a call to repentance. To tax collectors, he says, “Stop collecting more than required.” Charity must be paired with lifestyle changes that reflect justice and righteousness.

The Good Samaritan Offers Generous Aid

Jesus’ parable in Luke 10:25-37 tells of a Samaritan who helps a victim, beaten and robbed on the roadside. Unlike others who pass by, the Samaritan bandages the man’s wounds, transports him to lodging, and pays for his care. The Samaritan offers immediate, sacrificial, and open-handed aid to this victim in desperation.

Tabitha Serves Widows

In Acts 9:36-42, a godly woman named Tabitha becomes sick and dies. Members of the community mourn deeply because she always helped the poor by making clothing and doing “good works and acts of charity.” Like Tabitha, Christians can aid vulnerable groups like widows through generosity and skill.

Modern Applications

The timeless principles in Scripture offer guidance about how to respond to beggars today. Here are several modern applications:

  • Partner with aid organizations to offer food, shelter, medical care, education, counseling, job training and other services that establish independence.
  • Support ministries that provide friendship and spiritual guidance along with physical aid. Share the gospel.
  • Advocate for policies that alleviate root causes of poverty like lack of affordable housing, healthcare, or living wages. Vote and engage.
  • With wisdom, provide direct aid on occasions to meet urgent needs, while also pointing people to transformative resources.
  • Refuse to give money that may enable harmful addictions and habits, but demonstrate compassion in other ways.
  • Get involved with rehabilitation programs that help former prisoners, recovering addicts, trafficking victims, and other vulnerable groups get back on their feet.
  • Volunteer with housing initiatives, food banks, clinics, job readiness programs, addiction counseling, budgeting classes, and other empowering services.
  • Treat every individual, including beggars, as made in the image of God. Look beyond labels to value each life.

The goal is to uplift lives holistically using methods that reflect mercy and wisdom. When Christ’s love motivates our actions, we can make an impact both individually and societally for God’s glory.


Throughout Scripture, God reveals his heart for the vulnerable and his high standards for his people in responding to poverty. Begging confronts us with challenging questions of how to show Christ-like compassion wisely.

Ultimately, our guiding principles must come from the wisdom in God’s word. As we seek to rightly understand and apply biblical teaching, we can make a difference through giving that empowers transformation in individual lives and society. And we have the opportunity to share the greatest gift of all – the redemptive hope of Jesus Christ.

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