What Did Simon the Zealot Do Before He Met Jesus?
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What Did Simon the Zealot Do Before He Met Jesus?

You open your Bible to the list of Jesus’ twelve disciples in Matthew 10, looking for insights into Simon the Zealot. Known for his zeal and passion, you wonder what he was like before following Christ.

As an important disciple, understanding Simon’s background provides valuable perspective.

Simon’s Life Before Discipleship

The Gospels tell us little about Simon’s life before becoming a disciple. However, examining the history and culture of first century Palestine provides clues.

Simon was called “the Zealot.” This likely indicates he previously belonged to the Jewish Zealot movement. Zealots fiercely opposed Roman occupation of Judea. They advocated overthrowing Roman rule to establish an independent Jewish state.

As a Zealot, Simon would have intensely hated the Romans. He may have participated in violent resistance against them. Zealot groups assassinated Romans and Jewish collaborators. They stirred up rebellion, including rioting and attacks.

Simon grew up in Galilee, a hotbed of Zealot activity. The Romans brutally suppressed Zealot uprisings there. As a young man, Simon likely witnessed friends and family persecuted and executed by the Romans. This fueled his passion for Jewish independence.

What Zealots Believed

Zealots held radical political and religious views. They believed only God should rule over Jews, not pagan Romans. Zealots promoted Jewish nationalism focused on purification.

They opposed Jews accommodating or collaborating with their Roman overlords. Zealots viewed paying Roman taxes and cooperating with Roman officials as treasonous. They wanted to replace Roman authority with a messianic Jewish king, restoring the Jewish kingdom.

Zealots emphasized ritual purity, Sabbath observance, and strict adherence to the Torah. They believed compromise and assimilation with Gentiles undermined Jewish identity. They hoped driving out the Romans would set the stage for the Messiah’s coming.

Simon likely shared these perspectives before meeting Jesus. His Zealot beliefs shaped him into a fiery revolutionary eager to fight oppression.

Simon’s Violent Methods

As a Zealot, Simon would have used violence to undermine Roman authority. Zealots ambushed Roman supply convoys, cut communication lines, and attacked Roman outposts. They popularized terrorism, assassinating Romans and Jewish collaborators in crowded public places.

Simon was willing to kill for his cause. He saw violence as justified to overthrow foreign oppressors and bring freedom. Simon wanted to provoke the violent Roman response he believed would catalyze Jewish revolt. He was eager to be martyred, seeing it as an honor.

Simon was intense, angry, and hated Rome passionately. He likely had little empathy for the suffering of those he perceived as enemies or traitors. Simon focused on national liberation at any cost.

Life as a Revolutionary

As a Zealot, Simon’s life was difficult and dangerous. He lived an underground existence, hiding from Roman authorities. He could trust only fellow Zealots, avoiding contact with anyone deemed sympathetic to the Romans.

Simon was always prepared for martyrdom, ready to die for his cause. He was trained in guerrilla warfare. He cultivated an indifference to suffering, willing to sacrifice himself and others to defeat Rome. Simon was detached from family and community, viewing relationships as subordinate to his divine militant mission.

Simon saw himself as fighting a cosmic war between good and evil. His battle against the pagan Roman empire took on spiritual and supernatural overtones. Simon likely believed he was playing an eschatological role in ushering in the Messianic age.

How Zeal Shaped Simon

Simon’s zealot background instilled in him many negative qualities. He was reactive, combative, ruthless, and extreme. He saw issues in black and white, demonizing opponents. Simon was willing to slander and betray for a righteous end.

However, Simon’s passion also contained positive elements. His fiery devotion contained courage, commitment, and self-sacrifice. He cared deeply about justice and was willing to give his life for a cause. Simon’s faith and sense of mission ran deep.

These traits, both positive and negative, cre a revolutionary ripe for radicalization. Encountering Jesus profoundly transformed Simon’s zeal, directing it from violence to the kingdom of God.

Key Takeaways on Simon’s Background:

  • Simon belonged to the militant Jewish Zealot movement before following Jesus
  • As a Zealot, he fiercely opposed Roman rule in Judea and advocated overthrowing Roman authority
  • Zealots used violence and terrorism against Romans and Jewish collaborators
  • Simon likely participated in violent resistance against Rome and harbored intense hatred toward them
  • He grew up in Galilee, a center of Zealot revolutionary activity against Rome
  • Zealots held radical political and religious beliefs focused on Jewish purity, nationalism, and independence
  • Simon saw violence as justified to defeat Roman oppression and usher in the Messianic age
  • As a Zealot, Simon’s life was underground, dangerous, and detached from relationships
  • His zeal shaped him into a passionate, extreme revolutionary willing to die for his cause
  • Encountering Jesus transformed Simon’s violent zeal into a force for God’s kingdom

From Zealot to Disciple

What was Simon’s journey from radical revolutionary to devoted follower of Jesus? His Zealot background provides insight into his new life in Christ.

Why Simon Was Drawn to Jesus

What attracted Simon to Jesus despite his violent opposition to Rome? Jesus likely appealed to Simon’s desire for revolutionary change.

Jesus’ miracles signaled the supernatural power of the Messianic age breaking into history. His bold preaching promised the radical overturning of the status quo. Jesus’ entry into Jerusalem seemed like the arrival of a conquering king.

Simon longed for divine deliverance under a triumphant Messiah. He hoped Jesus would route the Romans with miraculous power, fulfilling Zealot dreams.

Jesus’ Challenge to Simon

Yet Jesus confronted Simon’s violent attitudes. He expanded Simon’s limited vision of liberation. Jesus preached loving enemies, not killing them. He taught serving others rather than overthrowing oppressors.

Jesus showed Simon that the kingdom of God transcended Jewish nationalism. Through his examples of mercy, Jesus opened Simon’s eyes to the humanity of despised Romans and Samaritans.

Jesus set Simon on a path of peace, not war. He awakened Simon to sins he was blind to before. Jesus pushed Simon to develop empathy and humility instead of self-righteous extremism.

How Discipleship Changed Simon

Following Jesus transformed Simon’s zeal into a spiritual force. As a disciple, he channeled energy previously spent fighting Rome into spreading the Gospel.

Simon came to see freedom from sin and death as more fundamental than freedom from political oppression. He grew to value humility, love of neighbor, and reconciliation over power and control. His zeal was purified and directed toward eternal priorities.

Jesus broadened Simon’s perspective, curing his tunnel vision. God’s kingdom embraced all nations, not just Simon’s. As an apostle, Simon preached the Gospel far and wide with his signature fiery passion. But now it flowed from godly love, not factional hatred.

Lessons from Simon’s Transformation

Simon’s profound shift from Zealot radical to apostle of Christ provides important lessons for following Jesus today.

Christ Transforms Culture

Simon’s story shows how coming to Jesus fundamentally transforms us. Christ redeems and redirects our passions and gifts.

All cultures and subcultures, even violent ones, contain positive elements that reflect God’s image. Jesus purifies and lifts up these virtues for His glory.

Focus on Eternal Priorities

Simon came to see that only Jesus’ heavenly kingdom endures. Political freedom alone cannot satisfy our longings. Simon learned to focus first on sharing the eternal Gospel, not on earthly revolutions.

Heart Change Comes First

Outward behavior flows from inward transformation. Renewing our hearts and minds must come first. Simon’s zeal for God’s kingdom emerged from recognizing his own sinfulness and need for grace.

Love Enemies, Don’t Demonize

Jesus taught Simon to love Romans he previously hated. We must empathize with opponents, not dehumanize them. Seeing others as Jesus does softens hostility and opens the door to sharing truth.

Passion Can Become Holy

Zeal and enthusiasm are neutral traits that can fuel good or evil. Captured by God’s Spirit, Simon’s fiery passion became holy and purposeful. We must offer even our most intense feelings and gifts to Jesus to be purified.

Simon’s story inspires us about the life-changing power of Christ. It reminds us that no one stands outside the reach of God’s redeeming grace. Jesus can transform even a violent revolutionary into a servant leader of love.

Simon’s Commission and Legacy

After following Jesus, Simon played a key role in establishing the early church. Jesus commissioned him along with the other apostles to spread the Gospel in Jerusalem, Judea, Samaria, and the world.

In the book of Acts, the apostles perform miracles, lead the Jerusalem church, and send missionaries across the Near East. Simon likely traveled widely, preaching the Gospel across the Roman Empire.

Early church tradition holds that after Pentecost Simon initially preached in Egypt, then went to Britain. Some accounts say he was martyred in Persia or what is now Georgia. However, the exact details of his later missionary travels are uncertain.

While we lack many specifics, the broad outline is clear – Simon became a pillar of the early church. The fiery zealot transformed into Christ’s ambassador of peace.

The Gospel of Matthew summarizes Simon simply: “Simon the Zealot.” Before Christ, the zealot identity was all that defined him, representing violence and rebellion. But Jesus gave Simon’s zeal holy purpose in advancing God’s kingdom.

Simon’s legacy lives on whenever the good news turns hate to love. It continues through all who abandon violence for grace. By God’s power, Simon the Zealot became Simon the saint. His story encourages all who seek to follow Jesus.

Applying Simon’s Example Today

In reflecting on Simon Peter’s journey, what lessons emerge for sharing the Gospel today? How can his transformation guide us in evangelism and discipleship?

Passionately Preach Christ

Like Simon, present Jesus with burning zeal and deep conviction. Portray the magnetic power and radical nature of Christ. Preach the subversive, life-changing message of the Gospel.

Focus on Changed Lives

Highlight testimonies of dramatic conversion through encountering Jesus. Demonstrate practically how God’s grace overcomes sin and transforms hearts, as with Simon.

Cross Barriers

Follow Simon’s example of carrying the Gospel across cultures and worldviews. Engage respectfully with people of all backgrounds and beliefs. Build bridges beyond your comfort zone.

Embrace Ex-Outcasts

Welcome those from extreme or countercultural movements into the church. Apostles like Simon were seen as radicals. God’s grace reaches all kinds of outcasts.

Allow Conviction

Let nonbelievers voice objections and hard questions. Don’t defend Jesus, but communicate grace and empathy. Let the Holy Spirit bring conviction. Jesus gently challenged Simon’s preconceptions.

Depend on Grace

Remember only God’s power can change hearts. Be patient with critics and doubters as Jesus was with Simon. Our role is simply to introduce people to His transforming grace.

Simon Peter sheds light on sharing the Gospel in a divided and hostile world. His dramatic conversion inspires how to humbly communicate the good news with outsiders. We introduce Jesus, then trust the Holy Spirit to capture hearts and utterly remake them.


Simon the Zealot represents an incredible redemption story. His pre-conversion life as a violent revolutionary seems utterly contradictory to the message of grace he later embraced.

By tradition, he went from militant hater of Rome to missionary across the Roman Empire. Simon’s passion was transformed from earthly politics to eternal priorities. This demonstrates the radical, life-giving power of the Gospel.

Jesus can reach and remake anyone who seeks Him with an open heart. As with Simon, Christ redeems the skills and energy we offer to Him, whether or not they have been misdirected in the past.

Simon’s life encourages us that no one stands outside the transformative power of God’s grace. It reminds us to lovingly engage with people of all perspectives. We must see others as Jesus does, with compassion.

May Simon’s testimony inspire you in sharing the good news! Let his story renew your zeal to live as an ambassador of Christ’s peace in a divided world. Simon’s journey from zealot to saint testifies there is no one the Gospel cannot change.

Pastor Duke Taber
Pastor Duke Taber

Pastor Duke Taber

All articles have been written or reviewed by Pastor Duke Taber.
Pastor Duke Taber is an alumnus of Life Pacific University and Multnomah Biblical Seminary.
He has been in pastoral ministry since 1988.
Today he is the owner and managing editor of 3 successful Christian websites that support missionaries around the world.
He is currently starting a brand new church in Mesquite NV called Mesquite Worship Center, a Non-Denominational Spirit Filled Christian church in Mesquite Nevada.