What Did God Promise Abraham and His Descendants?
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What Did God Promise Abraham and His Descendants?


The story of Abraham and the promises God made to him is one of the most captivating and significant narratives in the Bible. It’s a tale of unwavering faith, divine promises, and the formation of an everlasting covenant that continues to impact the lives of millions today. As we explore the depths of the Abrahamic Covenant, we’ll uncover the specific promises made to Abraham and his descendants, as well as their spiritual significance for all who believe in Jesus Christ. In this blog post, we’ll delve into the various aspects of God’s promises, as recorded in the New King James Version (NKJV) of the Bible, shedding light on their implications for both Abraham’s physical descendants and spiritual heirs.

The Abrahamic Covenant is central to the foundations of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, connecting believers from these three major world religions through their shared patriarch. By examining the nature and scope of God’s promises to Abraham, we gain a deeper understanding of the divine plan and the role of faith in our lives. The promises made to Abraham carry immense spiritual weight, offering hope, protection, and blessing not only to his immediate descendants but also to all who enter into a covenant relationship with God.

This blog post will guide you through the key moments in Abraham’s life where God’s promises are revealed, from the initial calling of Abram to the land of Canaan, the promise of countless descendants, and the establishment of an everlasting covenant that transcends generations. As we journey together through these sacred texts, we invite you to reflect on the meaning and impact of God’s promises on your own life and spiritual journey.

The Calling of Abram

The story of Abraham, then known as Abram, begins in Genesis 12:1-3. God calls Abram to leave his country, his family, and his father’s house and go to a land that He would show him. In return, God makes several promises to Abram:

Now the Lord had said to Abram: “Get out of your country, From your family And from your father’s house, To a land that I will show you. I will make you a great nation; I will bless you And make your name great; And you shall be a blessing. I will bless those who bless you, And I will curse him who curses you; And in you all the families of the earth shall be blessed.” (Genesis 12:1-3, NKJV)

In these verses, we see the first instance of God’s promises to Abram:

  1. A great nation: God promises to make Abram the father of a great nation.
  2. Blessing: God promises to bless Abram and make his name great.
  3. Protection: God promises to bless those who bless Abram and curse those who curse him.
  4. Universal blessing: God promises that through Abram, all the families of the earth shall be blessed.

These promises are the foundation of God’s covenant with Abram and his descendants, known as the Abrahamic Covenant.

The Promise of Land

As Abram journeyed to the land of Canaan, God appeared to him and made another promise:

Then the Lord appeared to Abram and said, “To your descendants, I will give this land.” And there he built an altar to the Lord, who had appeared to him. (Genesis 12:7, NKJV)

This promise of land is a crucial aspect of the Abrahamic Covenant. It is reiterated and expanded upon in Genesis 15:18-21:

On the same day the Lord made a covenant with Abram, saying: “To your descendants, I have given this land, from the river of Egypt to the great river, the River Euphrates— the Kenites, the Kenezzites, the Kadmonites, the Hittites, the Perizzites, the Rephaim, the Amorites, the Canaanites, the Girgashites, and the Jebusites.” (Genesis 15:18-21, NKJV)

The boundaries of the Promised Land are clearly defined in these verses, stretching from the Nile River in Egypt to the Euphrates River in modern-day Iraq.

The Promise of Descendants

In Genesis 15, God reiterates and further clarifies His promise to make Abram the father of a great nation. At this point, Abram is childless, and his wife Sarai is barren, which leads Abram to question how God’s promise will be fulfilled. God assures Abram of His promise by showing him the night sky:

Then He brought him outside and said, “Look now toward heaven, and count the stars if you are able to number them.” And He said to him, “So shall your descendants be.” (Genesis15:5, NKJV)

This vivid imagery demonstrates the vast number of descendants that will come from Abram. Later, in Genesis 17, God changes Abram’s name to Abraham, which means “father of a multitude.” He also changes Sarai’s name to Sarah, meaning “princess,” and promises that she will bear a son named Isaac:

Then God said to Abraham, “As for Sarai your wife, you shall not call her name Sarai, but Sarah shall be her name. And I will bless her and also give you a son by her; then I will bless her, and she shall be a mother of nations; kings of peoples shall be from her.” (Genesis 17:15-16, NKJV)

This promise is fulfilled with the birth of Isaac, who becomes the father of Jacob (later renamed Israel), the founder of the twelve tribes of Israel.

The Everlasting Covenant

God’s promises to Abraham are not just for his immediate descendants but are intended to last through all generations. This point is emphasized when God establishes an everlasting covenant with Abraham and his descendants in Genesis 17:

“And I will establish My covenant between Me and you and your descendants after you in their generations, for an everlasting covenant, to be God to you and your descendants after you. Also, I give to you and your descendants after you the land in which you are a stranger, all the land of Canaan, as an everlasting possession; and I will be their God.” (Genesis 17:7-8, NKJV)

This everlasting covenant is marked by the physical sign of circumcision, which serves as a reminder of God’s promises and the commitment of Abraham’s descendants to their relationship with God.

The Spiritual Descendants of Abraham

The promises made to Abraham are not limited to his physical descendants. Through Jesus Christ, the Abrahamic Covenant is extended to all who believe in Him, regardless of their ethnic or cultural background. In Galatians 3:29, the Apostle Paul writes:

And if you are Christ’s, then you are Abraham’s seed, and heirs according to the promise. (Galatians 3:29, NKJV)

In this way, the promises made to Abraham take on a broader, spiritual dimension, encompassing all who put their faith in Jesus Christ and become part of God’s family.


In exploring the promises God made to Abraham and his descendants, we’ve gained insight into the profound nature of the Abrahamic Covenant and its far-reaching implications for all of humanity. These divine promises, which encompass blessings, land, protection, and a universal spiritual connection, serve as a powerful testament to God’s unwavering faithfulness and love for His people. As we reflect on the promises made to Abraham, we are reminded of the role faith plays in our own lives and the importance of trusting in God’s divine plan for us.

The story of Abraham and the promises God made to him also illustrates the transformative power of faith, transcending cultural, ethnic, and religious boundaries. Through Jesus Christ, the promises and blessings of the Abrahamic Covenant are extended to all who believe, making them spiritual descendants of Abraham and heirs according to the promise. This unifying aspect of the Abrahamic Covenant serves as a reminder of the shared spiritual heritage that connects us all, encouraging unity, understanding, and compassion among believers.

As you ponder the promises made to Abraham and their relevance to your own spiritual journey, we encourage you to embrace the lessons of faith, trust, and divine guidance found within these sacred texts. May you be inspired by the story of Abraham and the Abrahamic Covenant, drawing strength from God’s promises and seeking to cultivate a deeper relationship with the One who has called, blessed, and guided His people throughout history.

Pastor Duke Taber
Pastor Duke Taber

Pastor Duke Taber

All articles have been written or reviewed by Pastor Duke Taber.
Pastor Duke Taber is an alumnus of Life Pacific University and Multnomah Biblical Seminary.
He has been in pastoral ministry since 1988.
Today he is the owner and managing editor of 3 successful Christian websites that support missionaries around the world.
He is currently starting a brand new church in Mesquite NV called Mesquite Worship Center, a Non-Denominational Spirit Filled Christian church in Mesquite Nevada.