Commentary On 1 Corinthians 1
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Commentary On 1 Corinthians 1

The letter of 1 Corinthians, penned by Apostle Paul, serves as a profound message to the early Christian community in Corinth, which was grappling with divisions and moral issues.

The first chapter sets the tone for the entire letter, providing timeless wisdom and perspectives that remain relevant to contemporary Christians. This exploration of 1 Corinthians 1 provides insights into the deep wisdom that Paul sought to convey to the Corinthians and to us.

The Corinthian church was a diverse community enriched and yet challenged by various cultural, social, and religious backgrounds. The complexity of this community led to divisions and disagreements.

Paul, in his affectionate yet stern demeanor, attempted to address these issues while focusing on the overarching theme of divine wisdom against worldly wisdom. This contrast is most vividly portrayed through the image of the cross, demonstrating the profound mystery of God’s wisdom and power.

Key Takeaways

  • The Importance of Unity in the Body of Christ: Paul begins his letter by addressing the dissensions within the Corinthian church. His plea for unity remains an urgent message for all Christian communities today.
  • Worldly Wisdom vs. Divine Wisdom: A central theme in 1 Corinthians 1 is the stark contrast Paul draws between human wisdom and the wisdom that comes from God. This contrast serves as a basis for understanding the essence of the Gospel message.
  • The Cross as the Ultimate Demonstration of God’s Wisdom and Power: The message of the cross, seemingly foolish to the world, is revealed as the true wisdom and power of God. This revelation challenges our perceptions and calls us to deeper faith.
Commentary on 1 corinthians 1

The Call for Unity in the Church

The issue of division is not unique to the Corinthian church; it’s a recurring challenge within any Christian community. The discord within the Corinthian church was severe enough to warrant Paul’s immediate attention.

Paul addressed this problem by making a passionate plea for unity among believers, using the name of our Lord Jesus Christ to underscore its vital importance. His plea still resounds in our ears today, reminding us of the need for harmony and unity in our local congregations and the global Christian community.

Paul’s appeal for unity was deeply theological. He emphasized the unity that believers have in Christ – a unity that transcends all socio-cultural and individual differences. He affirmed that, regardless of individual roles, all believers are one in Christ and should therefore maintain unity.

This perspective provides a robust theological basis for resolving disputes and promotes peace within Christian communities.

The call for unity in the church isn’t just a historical request; it’s a living message with practical implications for the contemporary church. In a world where disagreements and divisions seem increasingly common, Paul’s call for unity is more relevant than ever.

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Unity in diversity, as portrayed in 1 Corinthians, should be the hallmark of any Christian community.

Worldly Wisdom vs. Divine Wisdom

One of the key contrasts Paul established in his letter is between worldly wisdom and divine wisdom. He boldly asserted that the wisdom of the world is foolishness in God’s eyes.

Such a statement was a radical affront to the Corinthian society, renowned for its philosophical pursuits and intellectual prowess. However, it was necessary to recalibrate their understanding of wisdom, steering them towards the wisdom that comes from God.

The wisdom of the cross stands in stark opposition to worldly wisdom. While the latter is based on human understanding and is transient, the former stems from God and has eternal significance.

The cross, a symbol of disgrace and defeat in the eyes of the world, is transformed into an emblem of divine wisdom and victory. This fundamental shift in understanding wisdom is at the heart of Paul’s message in 1 Corinthians 1.

Adopting divine wisdom doesn’t just involve an intellectual change, but a transformative experience. Embracing divine wisdom affects how we view our lives, how we relate with others, and how we understand God.

This shift has profound implications on our personal growth and our communities, encouraging a deeper faith that transcends the superficiality of worldly wisdom.

The Cross as the Ultimate Demonstration of God’s Wisdom and Power

The central theme of Paul’s message is the cross of Christ, a paradoxical symbol that contrasts divine wisdom and power with the world’s perception of folly and weakness. The cross, despised and rejected by worldly wisdom, emerges as the ultimate symbol of divine wisdom and power.

Paul presented the cross as a transformative symbol, challenging the Corinthians’ notions of honor, power, and wisdom.

“The message of the cross is foolishness to those who are perishing, but to us who are being saved it is the power of God.” (1 Corinthians 1:18, NKJV). Here, the apostle encapsulates the essence of the Gospel’s paradox. To those outside the sphere of faith, the message of the cross is senseless.

However, to those who believe, it represents the unmatched power of God and His supreme wisdom.

The cross is not only a symbol of divine wisdom and power but also an invitation to partake in God’s wisdom. Believers are called to embrace the seemingly foolish message of the cross, surrendering worldly wisdom to gain divine wisdom.

This embrace allows us to experience the transformative power of the cross, redefining our perspectives and shaping our lives in Christ.

God’s Wisdom Revealed in the “Foolish” and the “Weak”

Paul challenged the Corinthians’ prevalent social values by emphasizing that God chose what is foolish and weak in the world’s eyes to shame the wise and strong.

This contrast serves to emphasize God’s sovereignty and the radical nature of His wisdom. By doing so, Paul prompts us to reconsider our standards of honor, strength, and wisdom.

In the words of Paul, “God has chosen the foolish things of the world to put to shame the wise, and God has chosen the weak things of the world to put to shame the things which are mighty.” (1 Corinthians 1:27, NKJV). Here, we encounter a divine irony: God’s choices seemingly contradict the world’s values.

This contrast upends our understanding of wisdom and power, challenging us to realign our perspectives with God’s wisdom.

This divine irony is not merely a biblical anecdote; it has practical implications for our lives. It urges us to value divine wisdom above societal standards. It also encourages humility, as it demonstrates that God’s wisdom often manifests in unexpected ways and through unexpected people.

This understanding fosters inclusivity and appreciation for diversity within the Christian community.

The Centrality of Christ in God’s Wisdom

Paul concluded his discourse on divine wisdom by stressing the centrality of Christ: “But of Him you are in Christ Jesus, who became for us wisdom from God — and righteousness and sanctification and redemption” (1 Corinthians 1:30, NKJV).

Here, Paul articulates that Christ is the embodiment of divine wisdom, and through Him, believers partake in God’s wisdom.

Christ, the wisdom of God, provides us with righteousness, sanctification, and redemption. These spiritual blessings are the manifestation of divine wisdom in the believer’s life. They reshape our identities and guide our life journey, steering us towards the path of divine wisdom.

Moreover, the centrality of Christ in God’s wisdom underscores the relational aspect of divine wisdom. It is not merely about intellectual knowledge, but about knowing Christ and being known by Him.

This personal and transformative encounter with Christ cultivates divine wisdom within us, leading to life that is in alignment with God’s will.

The Impact of Divine Wisdom on the Christian Community

Embracing divine wisdom has significant implications on the Christian community. It cultivates a culture of humility, unity, and mutual respect, contrasting with the strife and division prevalent in Corinth. Paul’s message thus exhorts us to foster communities that reflect divine wisdom.

Paul’s assertion, “that no flesh should glory in His presence” (1 Corinthians 1:29, NKJV), reminds us that boasting should have no place in our communities.

This perspective curbs pride and fosters humility, as it acknowledges that all wisdom and strength originate from God. Humility, in turn, promotes unity and cooperation within the Christian community.

Embracing divine wisdom also cultivates a culture of respect for diversity within the Christian community. By recognizing that God’s wisdom can manifest through the weak and foolish, we learn to value every member’s contribution. This respect for diversity enhances the unity and functionality of the Christian community.

The Ongoing Journey of Embracing Divine Wisdom

Understanding and embracing divine wisdom is not a one-time event, but an ongoing journey of growth and transformation. The journey involves continual learning, self-examination, and realignment of our perspectives with God’s wisdom.

Paul’s message to the Corinthians serves as a guide and encouragement in this journey.

Embracing divine wisdom involves a continual process of learning and unlearning. We are called to learn from Christ, the wisdom of God, while unlearning the wisdom of the world. This dynamic process deepens our understanding of divine wisdom and its implications for our lives.

The journey also involves self-examination. Paul’s message prompts us to question our assumptions and values, challenging us to align our perspectives with God’s wisdom. This introspective process fosters personal growth and transformation, steering us towards a life that reflects divine wisdom.


The message of 1 Corinthians 1 challenges our understanding of wisdom and power, contrasting the wisdom of the world with the wisdom of God. It invites us to embrace the wisdom of God, manifested in the foolishness of the cross and embodied in Christ.

As we journey towards embracing divine wisdom, our lives and communities undergo a transformative process, reflecting God’s wisdom in our thoughts, actions, and interactions.

The teachings in 1 Corinthians 1 bear pastoral significance, guiding and encouraging believers in their spiritual journey. They prompt us to reconsider our values, challenge societal norms, and strive for a community that mirrors God’s wisdom.

As we immerse ourselves in the wisdom of God, we become agents of transformation within our communities, embodying the values of humility, unity, and mutual respect.

In the end, the message of 1 Corinthians 1 is an invitation to a transformative encounter with God’s wisdom. It beckons us to journey on the path of divine wisdom, which is indeed “the power of God.” (1 Corinthians 1:18, NKJV).

As we tread this path, we experience a profound transformation that reshapes our lives and the communities we form, bringing glory to God in the process.

Pastor duke taber
Pastor Duke Taber

Pastor Duke Taber

All articles have been written or reviewed by Pastor Duke Taber.
Pastor Duke Taber is an alumnus of Life Pacific University and Multnomah Biblical Seminary.
He has been in pastoral ministry since 1988.
Today he is the owner and managing editor of 3 successful Christian websites that support missionaries around the world.
He is currently starting a brand new church in Mesquite NV called Mesquite Worship Center, a Non-Denominational Spirit Filled Christian church in Mesquite Nevada.