The Role of Women in Jesus' Life and Ministry
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The Role of Women in Jesus’ Life and Ministry

Throughout history, women have played essential roles in the unfolding story of God’s love and grace. The life and ministry of Jesus Christ, as portrayed in the New Testament, is no exception.

Despite the cultural norms of the time that often relegated women to the background, women held vital roles in Jesus’ life, supported Him with their resources and formed part of His inner circle of followers.

In this article, we will explore the stories of the incredible women in the Gospels who were blessed by Jesus’ teachings, experienced His miracles, and contributed to His earthly ministry.

As we dive deep into the biblical accounts documented in the New King James Version, we will discover the meaningful interactions Jesus had with women like Mary, His mother; Mary Magdalene; Martha, and many more.

These encounters reveal Jesus’ immense love and respect for women, which contrasted significantly with the cultural expectations of His time.

By understanding the role of women in Jesus’ life and ministry, we can appreciate the transformative message He brought to humanity, affirming the value and importance that He placed on each individual, irrespective of gender.

Join us on this enlightening journey as we uncover the powerful stories and lessons that can be discerned from the presence of women in the life of our Savior, Jesus Christ.

Prepare to be inspired by their faith and dedication, as we unpack how they contributed to His ministry and mission and set a beautiful example for us to follow.

The role of women in jesus' life and ministry

I. The Significance of Women in Jesus’ Life: A Biblical Perspective

Throughout the New Testament, we witness the vital role that women played in Jesus’ life and ministry. This demonstrates the immense value and significance that Jesus assigned to women, defying societal norms and conventions of His time.

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Here, we will discuss a few examples from the Gospels, illustrating the extraordinary ways in which women contributed to Jesus’ life, teachings, and divine mission.

First, women were vital supporters of His ministry. In the Gospel of Luke, we learn that several women not only followed Jesus but also contributed significantly to His ministry.

“And certain women who had been healed of evil spirits and infirmities—Mary called Magdalene, out of whom had come seven demons, and Joanna the wife of Chuza, Herod’s steward, and Susanna, and many others who provided for Him from their substance” (Luke 8:2-3, NKJV).

These women were so impacted by Jesus’ teachings that they dedicated their lives and resources to support His work.

Some notable instances involving women show how Jesus honored their faith and wisdom:

  • The woman of Canaan, whose faith in Jesus led to the healing of her daughter: “Then Jesus answered and said to her, ‘O woman, great is your faith! Let it be to you as you desire.’ And her daughter was healed from that very hour.” (Matthew 15:28, NKJV).
  • The woman with the issue of blood, who was healed by her faith alone: “But Jesus turned around, and when He saw her He said, ‘Be of good cheer, daughter; your faith has made you well.’ And the woman was made well from that hour.” (Matthew 9:22, NKJV).
  • Mary of Bethany, who chose to sit at Jesus’ feet and listen to His teachings, an act that He greatly commended: “But one thing is needed, and Mary has chosen that good part, which will not be taken away from her” (Luke 10:42, NKJV).

Lastly, the Gospels reveal that women were the first witnesses of Jesus’ resurrection, one of the most significant events in Christianity. Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James, and Salome all went to the tomb on the third day after Jesus’ crucifixion to anoint His body.

Instead, they discovered that the tomb was empty and encountered an angel who confirmed that Jesus had risen from the dead: “He is not here; for He is risen, as He said. Come, see the place where the Lord lay” (Matthew 28:6, NKJV).

The fact that Jesus chose women to be the first witnesses of His resurrection demonstrates His immense trust and high regard for them despite the cultural biases at the time.

In summary, Jesus’ relationships with the women throughout His life and ministry showcase their significance and value within His divine mission.

From the loyal women who supported His ministry to the demonstrations of faith that Jesus highlighted, it is clear that women played a crucial and indispensable role in Jesus’ life and work.

II. The Influential Women in Jesus’ Ministry: Disciples, Supporters, and Miracle Recipients

Jesus’ ministry was surrounded by various influential women who played significant roles as disciples, supporters, and some as recipients of His miracles. They actively participated in His work and contributed to its success. In this section, we will explore these influential women and their distinct roles in Jesus’ ministry.

Disciples and Supporters of Jesus

  • Mary Magdalene: A devoted follower of Jesus, Mary Magdalene was present at His crucifixion (John 19:25) and His resurrection (Mark 16:9). Jesus cast out seven demons from her (Mark 16:9), and she continued to support His ministry along with other women.
  • Joanna: The wife of Chuza, a steward of Herod Antipas, Joanna was a close follower of Jesus and provided financial support for His ministry (Luke 8:3).
  • Susanna: Another devoted follower of Jesus, Susanna also provided financial support to His ministry (Luke 8:3).
  • Mary and Martha: Sisters, Mary and Martha, were close friends of Jesus, and their home in Bethany served as a place for Jesus to rest and refresh during His ministry (Luke 10:38-42; John 11:1-12:3).

Miracle Recipients
In addition to being disciples and supporters, some women were also recipients of Jesus’ miraculous healings. Each of their encounters with Jesus showcases His power and love for those in need.

  • The bleeding woman: After suffering from a bleeding condition for 12 years, this woman touched the hem of Jesus’ robe and was instantly healed (Luke 8:43-48). Jesus acknowledged her faith and publicly affirmed her healing.
  • Peter’s mother-in-law: Jesus healed Peter’s mother-in-law from a high fever when He visited their home in Capernaum (Luke 4:38-39). In gratitude, she rose and served Jesus and His disciples.
  • The widow’s son: Jesus raised a widow’s only son from the dead during a funeral procession (Luke 7:11-17). It not only demonstrated Jesus’ power over death, but it also displayed His deep compassion for the grieving widow.

Throughout Jesus’ ministry, these influential women played an essential part in spreading the Gospel message. They followed Jesus, supported His ministry, and stood by Him in His most difficult moments. Their courage, faith, and testimonies remind us of the critical role that women play in the work of God today.

III. The Role of Women in Jesus’ Crucifixion and Resurrection: Witnesses and Proclaimers

In the stories of Jesus’ crucifixion and resurrection, women played significant roles as both witnesses and proclaimers of the events.

It is important to recognize their involvement, as it demonstrates that Jesus valued women as integral members of His ministry, defying the cultural norms of that time. The New Testament provides several instances where women courageously stood by Jesus in His most vulnerable moments.

Women at the Crucifixion

  • Mary Magdalene (John 19:25)
  • Mary, the mother of Jesus (John 19:25)
  • Mary, the wife of Clopas (John 19:25)
  • Salome, the mother of James and John (Mark 15:40)
  • Joanna, the wife of Chuza, Herod’s steward (Luke 24:10)
  • Susanna, and many others (Luke 8:3)

Despite the risks associated with being near the crucifixion site, these faithful women courageously remained with Jesus until the very end. They were loyal disciples, unwavering in their commitment even when the male disciples had left out of fear.

Women as the First Witnesses of the Resurrection

  • Mary Magdalene (John 20:11-18)
  • Mary, the mother of James (Matthew 28:1)
  • Salome (Mark 16:1)
  • Joanna (Luke 24:10)

Just as they were present at the crucifixion, these women were also the first to arrive at Jesus’ tomb, only to find it empty. They had the incredible privilege of being the first to witness Jesus’ resurrection and were instructed by angels to share the good news with the other disciples.

This is a profound demonstration of Jesus’ trust in women to carry such an important message.

Women as Proclaimers of the Resurrection
The women mentioned above did not hesitate to share the news of Jesus’ resurrection, carrying out their role as proclaimers with obedience and faith. Mary Magdalene, in particular, became known as the “apostle to the apostles” because she was the first to tell the disciples that Jesus had risen (John 20:18).

In a culture where women’s testimonies were often dismissed or considered unreliable, Jesus entrusted these women with the most significant news of all time, reiterating the value He placed on their role in His ministry.

In conclusion, women played crucial roles as witnesses and proclaimers in Jesus’ crucifixion and resurrection. Their presence, loyalty, and eagerness to share the good news demonstrate that they were valued members of Jesus’ ministry, breaking cultural norms and empowering women in their faith.

IV. The Impact of Jesus’ Teachings on Women’s Status in Early Christianity

Jesus’ teachings had a profound impact on women’s status in early Christianity. He consistently challenged the societal norms and religious practices of that time by treating women with respect and dignity, thereby elevating their status.

In the Gospel of Luke, we read how Jesus traveled with His disciples, along with certain women: Mary Magdalene, Joanna, and Susanna, who aided them in their ministry (Luke 8:1-3). These women played significant roles in Jesus’ ministry, a testimony to His inclusive approach.

Furthermore, Jesus not only ministered to women but also protected them, as seen when He saved the adulterous woman from being stoned, teaching that we are all in need of forgiveness and mercy (John 8:3-11).

Another inspiring example of Jesus’ impact on women’s status within early Christianity can be found in the story of Mary and Martha (Luke 10:38-42). In this story, Martha was occupied with hosting duties, while her sister Mary sat at Jesus’ feet, listening to His teachings.

Martha complained to Jesus about her sister’s lack of help, expecting Jesus to correct Mary and send her back to serve. However, Jesus gently rebuked Martha, saying, “Mary has chosen the better part.” By this statement, Jesus affirmed that women have the right to learn and be spiritually nourished, just as men do.

Jesus’ honoring of women extended to His resurrection appearances. It is noteworthy that He chose to appear first to Mary Magdalene rather than any male disciple (John 20:11-18). Furthermore, He instructed her to be the first to share the good news of His resurrection.

This highlights both the value Jesus placed on women and their potential to spread the Gospel. The apostle Paul echoes this sentiment in his letter to the Galatians, writing, “There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither slave nor free, there is neither male nor female; for you are all one in Christ Jesus” (Galatians 3:28).

The following transformations in the status of women were a direct result of Jesus’ teachings:

  • Elevation in societal status: Women were no longer considered inferior or second-class citizens, but as equal partners in Christ’s ministry.
  • Access to education: Women were encouraged to learn from Jesus, breaking societal norms that forbade women from receiving any form of religious education.
  • Active participation in ministry: Women contributed their time, resources, and efforts to support and spread Jesus’ teachings.
  • Redefinition of traditional roles: Jesus recognized women not only as homemakers and mothers but also as disciples who could sit at the feet of the Master and learn from Him.

The impact of Jesus’ teachings on women’s status in early Christianity set the foundation for the Church to continue to grow and thrive with both men and women actively participating in its life and mission.

V. Empowering Women Today: Lessons from Jesus’ Relationship with Women in His Ministry

Throughout His ministry, Jesus broke cultural norms by interacting with, teaching, and valuing women. Even today, the lessons from His relationships with women empower us to recognize their God-given potential and gifts.

Women held an important place in His life, and as followers of Christ, we too should appreciate and support women in our churches and lives.

One clear example of this is seen in Luke 10:38-42, with Mary and Martha. Jesus visits their home, and Martha is busy with preparations while Mary sits at Jesus’ feet listening to His teachings. When Martha complains that Mary isn’t helping her and should be sent to work, Jesus replies,

Martha, Martha, you are worried and troubled about many things. But one thing is needed, and Mary has chosen that good part, which will not be taken away from her.” (Luke 10:41-42 NKJV).

Here, Jesus affirms that women should also be able to learn from Him directly and that their role isn’t confined to just serving others.

Another powerful moment is when Jesus defends a woman caught in adultery (John 8:1-11). The religious leaders were ready to stone her, but Jesus intercedes, saying, “He who is without sin among you, let him throw a stone at her first.” (John 8:7 NKJV).

The crowd disperses, leaving the woman with just Jesus, who forgives her and tells her to sin no more. Through this, we see that Jesus values the lives and dignity of women, offering forgiveness despite societal judgments.

Jesus also had an inclusive attitude towards women in His ministry. The women who followed and supported Jesus are listed in Luke 8:1-3, showing their involvement and contributions.

Moreover, He reveals Himself as the risen Lord to women first (Matthew 28:1-10, Mark 16:1-8, Luke 24:1-11, John 20:11-18), making them the first witnesses and preachers of the resurrection.

As modern believers, we should learn from Jesus’ example and promote equal treatment and inclusion of women in our faith. This means:

  • Encouraging women to participate in spiritual discussions, studies, and leadership.
  • Recognizing and utilizing the gifts and talents of women in our churches.
  • Standing against the mistreatment or belittlement of women in and out of the Church.

Through understanding Jesus’ relationships with women and incorporating these lessons into our lives, we can truly provide an empowering and supportive environment for women today.


In conclusion, the role of women in Jesus’ life and ministry is a vivid testament to their importance, not only in biblical times but also in our world today. Jesus broke societal barriers and norms of his time by valuing, educating, and empowering women.

By interacting with them openly and allowing them to play significant roles in his ministry, he set a powerful example for future generations that resonates even to this day.

Throughout his life and ministry, Jesus demonstrated his respect and love for all people, regardless of gender or societal standing. His relationships with women like Mary Magdalene, Mary and Martha, and his own mother, Mary, show that he appreciated and understood their worth.

By including them in his ministry, he emphasized their value and provided a model for a more inclusive, compassionate, and diverse religious community.

As we follow the example set by Jesus, let us continue to embrace the inherent worth of each individual, regardless of their gender, and strive to break down societal barriers, prejudices, and inequalities.

By doing so, we can foster a more inclusive and accepting world where everyone has the opportunity to contribute to the betterment of our communities and societies.

As we reflect on the role of women in Jesus’ life and ministry, may we also remember the incredible women who continue to inspire us today through their faith, strength, and compassion.

Let us continue to learn from their examples, as well as from the lessons taught by Jesus himself, to create a more inclusive and empowering world for everyone.

Pastor duke taber
Pastor Duke Taber

Pastor Duke Taber

All articles have been written or reviewed by Pastor Duke Taber.
Pastor Duke Taber is an alumnus of Life Pacific University and Multnomah Biblical Seminary.
He has been in pastoral ministry since 1988.
Today he is the owner and managing editor of 3 successful Christian websites that support missionaries around the world.
He is currently starting a brand new church in Mesquite NV called Mesquite Worship Center, a Non-Denominational Spirit Filled Christian church in Mesquite Nevada.