The Meaning of "Beguiled" in the Bible
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The Meaning of “Beguiled” in the Bible

The word “beguiled” appears several times in the Bible, most notably in reference to the serpent deceiving Eve in the Garden of Eden. Understanding the full meaning of this word provides insight into how Satan operates and the tactics he uses to deceive humanity. For believers, knowledge of Satan’s devices is vital for resisting temptation and walking in truth.

In this comprehensive blog post, we will examine the meaning of “beguiled” throughout the Bible. We will look at the original Hebrew and Greek words, how they are translated, and the context for each usage. Whether you are a pastor seeking to warn your congregation, or a layperson striving to grow in discernment, you will find this post beneficial.

Let’s begin by looking at key takeaways from our study:

Key Takeaways:

  • The primary Hebrew word translated “beguiled” is “nasha”, meaning to delude, seduce, or simply deceive.
  • The Greek word is “exapatao”, meaning to thoroughly deceive or greatly deceive.
  • Satan is the great deceiver who seeks to beguile humanity through false teachings, philosophies, and distortions of truth.
  • We must be on guard against deception and hold fast to God’s word to resist temptation.
  • Wisdom and discernment are needed to avoid being led astray by the enemy’s tactics.
  • God’s people have fallen prey to deception throughout history when they lack knowledge of His word.

Now let’s explore the meaning and usage of “beguiled” in depth.

Meaning of the Hebrew “nasha”

The first occurrence of this word is in Genesis 3:13, where Eve says, “The serpent beguiled me, and I ate”. The Hebrew word here is “nasha”.

Genesis 3:13 (NKJV):

And the Lord God said to the woman, “What is this you have done?” The woman said, “The serpent deceived me, and I ate.”

This word “nasha” has a broad range of meanings including to delude, seduce, slander, or generally deceive. It can imply making someone stray from the truth or believe something false. The root meaning suggests ensnaring or triggering someone to depart from God’s intended path.

Some key insights on “nasha”:

  • The word implies Satan’s shrewdness in deceiving Eve. He slyly twisted God’s command to make the forbidden fruit appear good and desirable.
  • Satan directly contradicted and slandered God’s motives, charging God with selfishness (Genesis 3:5).
  • Eve was allured by the sensual delights of the tree which “was pleasant to the eyes” (Genesis 3:6). She allowed desire to override trust in God’s goodness.
  • Eve was deceived by Satan’s lies because she lacked a firm foundation in God’s word. Without that anchor, it was easy to be drawn away by temptation.

God warned Cain of this same propensity to wander when He said “sin lies at the door. And its desire is for you, but you should rule over it” (Genesis 4:7). Like an animal waiting to pounce, Satan seeks opportune moments of vulnerability to ensnare us.

Examples of “nasha” in the Old Testament

This root word appears over 20 times in the Old Testament. Some examples include:

2 Kings 18:29 (NKJV):

“Thus says the king: ‘Do not let Hezekiah deceive you, for he shall not be able to deliver you from his hand;’”

Here the king of Assyria warns the people not to be deluded by Hezekiah’s promises of protection.

Jeremiah 29:8 (NKJV):

For thus says the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel: Do not let your prophets and your diviners who are in your midst deceive you, nor listen to your dreams which you cause to be dreamed.

God warns His people not to listen to deceptive diviners who prophecy falsely.

Ezekiel 14:9 (NKJV):

“And if the prophet is induced to speak anything, I the Lord have induced that prophet, and I will stretch out My hand against him and destroy him from among My people Israel.”

God allows false prophets to entice those who stray from His word.

Key themes emerge from these passages:

  • Satan deceives through lies, distortion of truth, and false promises.
  • Lusts and desires make us vulnerable to deception.
  • Lack of biblical foundation leads to gullibility.
  • Deception often comes through false teachers and leaders.
  • God will judge those who deceive His people.

The Greek “exapatao”

The Greek word “exapatao” also means to deceive or greatly deceive. It appears only 3 times in the New Testament but gives helpful insight.

Romans 7:11 (NKJV):

For sin, taking occasion by the commandment, deceived me, and by it killed me.

Here Paul explains that the law actually stirred up sinful passions within him. Sin “seized the opportunity” and deceived him into disobedience.

Romans 16:18 (NKJV):

For those who are such do not serve our Lord Jesus Christ, but their own belly, and by smooth words and flattering speech deceive the hearts of the simple.

Paul warns that flattering teachers deceive and manipulate those lacking wisdom (“the simple”). Discernment is needed to identify and resist them.

1 Timothy 2:14 (NKJV):

And Adam was not deceived, but the woman being deceived, fell into transgression.

Paul clarifies that Eve was thoroughly deceived by the serpent, but Adam’s choice was willful disobedience.

Key insights on “exapatao”:

  • Sin deceives by using God’s law to provoke wrong desires.
  • Flattery and pseudo-wisdom lead many astray.
  • Those who lack spiritual discernment are most vulnerable.
  • Women may be more susceptible to deception (1 Tim. 2:14).
  • Willful sin differs from deception – both have a measure of guilt.

Satan: The Great Deceiver

Beyond specific words, the overall biblical theme is that Satan is the source of lies and deception. A few verses that portray this:

John 8:44 (NKJV)

You are of your father the devil, and the desires of your father you want to do. He was a murderer from the beginning, and does not stand in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he speaks a lie, he speaks from his own resources, for he is a liar and the father of it.

2 Corinthians 11:3 (NKJV)

But I fear, lest somehow, as the serpent deceived Eve by his craftiness, so your minds may be corrupted from the simplicity that is in Christ.

2 Corinthians 11:14-15 (NKJV)

And no wonder! For Satan himself transforms himself into an angel of light. Therefore it is no great thing if his ministers also transform themselves into ministers of righteousness, whose end will be according to their works.

Revelation 20:3 (NKJV)

and he cast him into the bottomless pit, and shut him up, and set a seal on him, so that he should deceive the nations no more till the thousand years were finished. But after these things he must be released for a little while.

These verses reveal key facts about Satan’s strategy:

  • He distorts truth and deceives through outright lies.
  • He masquerades as righteous to corrupt minds from the simplicity of the gospel.
  • He deceives not just individuals but entire nations and cultures.
  • His ministers disguise themselves as apostles of light but spread doctrines of demons.

As the father of lies, Satan has been deceiving humanity from the very beginning. He knows our weaknesses and is cunning in his methods. Only through clinging to God’s word can we hope to resist Him.

How to Avoid Deception

Scripture exhorts believers to avoid deception by:

  • Knowing God’s word. The Bereans were commended for verifying even Paul’s teaching with Scripture (Acts 17:11). We must have biblical knowledge to discern truth from lies. As Hosea declared, “My people are destroyed for lack of knowledge” (Hosea 4:6).
  • Rejecting flattery and trusting God alone. “Thus says the Lord: “Cursed is the man who trusts in man And makes flesh his strength, Whose heart departs from the Lord.” (Jeremiah 17:5).
  • Prayer for wisdom. “If any of you lacks wisdom, let him ask of God, who gives to all liberally and without reproach, and it will be given to him.” (James 1:5).
  • Exposing false teaching. “And have no fellowship with the unfruitful works of darkness, but rather expose them.” (Ephesians 5:11).
  • Testing the spirits. “Beloved, do not believe every spirit, but test the spirits, whether they are of God; because many false prophets have gone out into the world.” (1 John 4:1).
  • Abiding in Christ. “I am the true vine, and My Father is the vinedresser… Abide in Me, and I in you. As the branch cannot bear fruit of itself, unless it abides in the vine, neither can you, unless you abide in Me.” (John 15:1,4).

As believers, we have hope against deception through God’s word and Spirit. But neglecting these safeguards leaves us vulnerable to Satan’s schemes. We must be vigilant and purposeful in applying biblical truth if we are to avoid beguilement.

Examples of Deception in Church History

Tragically, many examples exist of God’s people succumbing to deception throughout church history. Examining these cases provides warning and motivation to protect ourselves from similar errors.

Judaizers in Galatia: In Paul’s letter to the Galatians, he confronts the false teaching of Judaizers who wanted to add circumcision and law-keeping to the simplicity of the gospel. Paul decries this as “another gospel” and warns that those troubling them will “bear their judgment”. Even genuine believers like Peter and Barnabas were temporarily beguiled by this doctrine (Galatians 2:11-16).

Gnostic Heresies: In Colossae, Paul warns against worship of angels, visions, and ascetic rituals promoted by early Gnostics. These human traditions and “elemental spirits” seemed wise but actually “dishonor the body of Christ.” (Colossians 2:8-23).

Deception of the Pharisees: Jesus strongly rebuked the Pharisees for twisting God’s word to impose legalism and formalism. He warned His disciples against the “leaven” of their false doctrine. Their deception led to rejecting Christ Himself (Matthew 16:6, 12).

False Prophets and Teachers: Peter and Jude warned against many false teachers bringing destructive heresies, denying Christ, and exploiting believers (2 Peter 2, Jude 1:4). They used deceptive words to allure and were driven by sensuality (Jude 1:16, 2 Peter 2:18).

End Times Deception: Multiple New Testament passages warn of increased deception in the end times through false messiahs and apostasy (Matthew 24:4-5, 2 Thessalonians 2:3, 1 Timothy 4:1). There will also be lying signs, wonders, and unrighteous deception (2 Thessalonians 2: 9-10).

Sadly, history is filled with examples of believers falling prey to deception under influential false teachers. As Scripture warned, many embrace deception in times of biblical illiteracy, fleshly desires, or discontentment with God’s word. We must learn from the past by securing our minds in the truth of Christ through the Spirit.

Resisting Deception Today

While false teaching has evolved with each generation, the same deception that devoured Eve and distorted the gospel still abounds. Here are some present-day forms of deception requiring biblical discernment:

Prophets of Prosperity: Modern preachers peddle “seed faith” schemes promising health and wealth by giving to ministries. This distorts biblical generosity and commodifies God’s grace. It often manipulates those desperate for hope.

New Age Spirituality: Eastern mystical practices like yoga and reiki are rebranded as means of self-actualization but invite demonic influence. Any path claiming transcendence or enlightenment apart from Christ is deceptive.

Progressive Christianity: In the name of relevance, some denominations and leaders compromise on biblical sexuality, the exclusivity of Christ, and the authority of Scripture. This elevates worldly culture above God’s word.

Conspiracy Theories: Wild conjecture about COVID origins, election fraud, etc. entice those disillusioned with institutions. Some theories may hold truth but many breed distrust, fear, and division. Christians should reject sensational claims without evidence.

Woke Ideologies: Social justice concepts on privilege, intersectionality, and equity can hold partial truths yet often breed resentment, pride, and unbiblical views of humanity. Scripture says all are equally sinful, accountable to God, and redeemable only in Christ.

False Revivals: Reliance on visions, glory clouds, uncontrollable laughter and other paranormal signs during revival deceive undiscerning believers. True revival brings brokenness, repentance, holiness, and deepened love for God and His Word.

Deception is rampant in the modern church because the guardrails of biblical literacy and discernment are largely absent. As Christ warned, “false christs and false prophets will rise and show great signs and wonders to deceive” (Matthew 24:24). The only remedy is returning wholeheartedly to Scripture and testing all teachings against it.


In summary, understanding “beguiled” in the biblical sense means recognizing our vulnerability to Satan’s deception. As Jesus warned, the devil prowls like a lion seeking victims to devour through lies and false enticements (1 Peter 5:8). Throughout Scripture and history, God’s people have fallen prey when they stray from His word and Spirit.

Yet Scripture also promises that “the anointing you received from him remains in you, and you do not need anyone to teach you. But as his anointing teaches you about all things and as that anointing is real, not counterfeit—just as it has taught you, remain in him.” (1 John 2:27). As believers filled with the Spirit of truth, we have power to resist the father of lies if we cling to Christ.

May this study motivate all of us to seek greater scriptural knowledge, test questionable teachings, avoid tempting situations, and stay rooted in Christ through the Spirit. Let us all follow Paul’s exhortation:

“See to it that no one takes you captive by philosophy and empty deceit, according to human tradition, according to the elemental spirits of the world, and not according to Christ.” (Colossians 2:8).

Pastor Duke Taber
Pastor Duke Taber

Pastor Duke Taber

All articles have been written or reviewed by Pastor Duke Taber.
Pastor Duke Taber is an alumnus of Life Pacific University and Multnomah Biblical Seminary.
He has been in pastoral ministry since 1988.
Today he is the owner and managing editor of 3 successful Christian websites that support missionaries around the world.
He is currently starting a brand new church in Mesquite NV called Mesquite Worship Center, a Non-Denominational Spirit Filled Christian church in Mesquite Nevada.