Summary of the Book of Philippians
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Summary of the Book of Philippians


The book of Philippians is a letter written by the Apostle Paul to the church in Philippi, a Roman colony in present-day Greece. This epistle is one of the most joyful and personal letters written by Paul, as it expresses his deep love and gratitude for the Philippians, who supported him in his ministry.

Throughout the letter, Paul exhorts the believers to live a life of humility, unity, and joy in the midst of trials and suffering, while also providing practical advice on how to live a godly life.

In this article, we will delve into the key takeaways from the book of Philippians and explore the major themes and principles that Paul presents.

The book of Philippians serves as a reminder to Christians that true joy and contentment can be found in Christ, regardless of our circumstances, and that our lives should be characterized by love, humility, and unity with one another.

Key Takeaways

  1. The importance of unity and humility among believers
  2. The example of Christ’s humility
  3. The call to rejoice in the Lord always
  4. The importance of prayer and thanksgiving
  5. The secret to contentment in every circumstance
  6. The pursuit of righteousness and holiness
  7. The power of Christ’s resurrection
Summary of the book of philippians

The Importance of Unity and Humility Among Believers

Unity in Christ

In the opening chapter of his letter, Paul urges the Philippians to “stand fast in one spirit, with one mind striving together for the faith of the gospel” (Philippians 1:27, NKJV). He encourages them to live in harmony and unity with one another, as this will help them to withstand opposition and persecution from the outside.

Humility and Servanthood

Paul emphasizes the importance of humility in the life of a believer, stating that each person should “look out not only for his own interests but also for the interests of others” (Philippians 2:4, NKJV).

By putting others first, believers can foster a spirit of unity and cooperation within the church, setting an example of service and love for others to follow.

Following Christ’s Example

The greatest model of humility and servanthood is Christ himself. Paul exhorts the Philippians to “let this mind be in you which was also in Christ Jesus” (Philippians 2:5, NKJV), who humbled Himself to the point of death on the cross.

By imitating Christ’s example of humility, believers can promote unity within the church and bring glory to God.

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The Example of Christ’s Humility

Christ’s Humiliation

In the second chapter of Philippians, Paul provides one of the most profound and beautiful descriptions of the incarnation and the humility of Jesus Christ.

He explains that Jesus, although He was in the very nature God, did not consider equality with God as something to be used to His own advantage. Instead, He humbled Himself by taking on human form and becoming a servant, even unto death on the cross (Philippians 2:6-8, NKJV).

Christ’s Exaltation

As a result of His humility and obedience to the Father’s will, Jesus was exalted and given a name above every name, so that all creation would bow in worship and confess that He is Lord (Philippians 2:9-11, NKJV).

Paul points to Christ’s exaltation as an example of the ultimate reward for humility and obedience to God.

Imitating Christ’s Humility

By following Christ’s example of humility, believers can develop a spirit of unity and selflessness within the church, and ultimately bring honor and glory to God.

Paul urges the Philippians to “work out their own salvation with fear and trembling” (Philippians 2:12, NKJV), as they strive to live a life that imitates the humility of Christ.

The Call to Rejoice in the Lord Always

Joy in Suffering

Despite his difficult circumstances (imprisonment and the possibility of death), Paul consistently expresses joy throughout his letter to the Philippians.

He encourages them to “rejoice in the Lord always” (Philippians 4:4, NKJV), emphasizing that true joy comes from a relationship with Christ and is not dependent on external circumstances.

Joy in Serving Others

Paul also finds joy in serving others and seeing them grow in their faith. He writes that he is “being poured out as a drink offering on the sacrifice and service of your faith” (Philippians 2:17, NKJV). Paul’s joy is rooted in his love for others and his desire to see them grow in their relationship with Christ.

Joy in All Things

By focusing on Christ and His work in our lives, believers can find joy in all circumstances, even in the midst of trials and suffering. Paul’s example serves as a reminder that our joy should not be based on our circumstances, but on our relationship with Christ.

The Importance of Prayer and Thanksgiving

Praying for One Another

Throughout his letter to the Philippians, Paul frequently mentions his prayers for them, expressing gratitude for their partnership in the gospel and his desire for their spiritual growth (Philippians 1:3-6, 9-11, NKJV).

Prayer is an essential component of a believer’s relationship with God and with other believers, as it fosters unity and love within the church.

Thanksgiving in All Circumstances

Paul also emphasizes the importance of thanksgiving, urging the Philippians to offer their prayers and supplications “with thanksgiving” (Philippians 4:6, NKJV).

By cultivating an attitude of gratitude, believers can maintain a proper perspective on their circumstances and focus on the goodness of God, even in the midst of trials.

The Peace of God

Prayer and thanksgiving play a key role in experiencing the peace of God, which “surpasses all understanding” (Philippians 4:7, NKJV).

When we bring our cares and concerns to God in prayer, we can trust that He will provide the peace and strength we need to face any situation.

The Secret to Contentment in Every Circumstance

Paul’s Example of Contentment

In his letter, Paul shares his own experience of learning to be content in any situation, whether it be in abundance or in need (Philippians 4:11-12, NKJV).

His contentment is not based on his circumstances, but on his relationship with Christ and his confidence in God’s provision.

The Source of Contentment

The secret to contentment, as Paul reveals, is found in Christ, who gives us the strength to face any circumstance (Philippians 4:13, NKJV). By relying on Christ and His strength, believers can find contentment and peace, regardless of their circumstances.

The Promise of God’s Provision

Finally, Paul reminds the Philippians that God will supply all their needs “according to His riches in glory in Christ Jesus” (Philippians 4:19, NKJV). By trusting in God’s provision and focusing on our relationship with Christ, we can experience true contentment in any situation.

The Pursuit of Righteousness and Holiness

The Danger of Legalism

In chapter 3 of his letter, Paul warns the Philippians against placing their confidence in their own righteousness and achievements, instead of relying on the righteousness that comes through faith in Christ (Philippians 3:2-9, NKJV).

Legalism and self-righteousness can hinder believers from experiencing the fullness of God’s grace and mercy.

Pressing On in Faith

Paul encourages the Philippians to “press on toward the goal for the prize of the upward call of God in Christ Jesus” (Philippians 3:14, NKJV), emphasizing the need for believers to continually grow in their faith and pursue righteousness and holiness.

He acknowledges that he has not yet reached perfection, but he is committed to pressing on in his pursuit of Christ-likeness (Philippians 3:12-13, NKJV).

Living as Citizens of Heaven

As believers, our ultimate citizenship is in heaven, and we eagerly await the return of our Savior, Jesus Christ (Philippians 3:20, NKJV). In light of this, we are called to live in a manner worthy of our heavenly citizenship, pursuing righteousness and holiness as we await Christ’s return.

The Power of Christ’s Resurrection

The Desire to Know Christ

One of the central themes of Philippians is the desire to know Christ more intimately and experience the power of His resurrection. Paul writes that he considers all his accomplishments and worldly achievements as “rubbish” compared to the surpassing worth of knowing Christ (Philippians 3:8, NKJV).

Sharing in Christ’s Sufferings

Paul acknowledges that knowing Christ and experiencing the power of His resurrection also involves sharing in His sufferings and becoming like Him in His death (Philippians 3:10, NKJV).

By identifying with Christ’s sufferings, believers can grow in their understanding of His love and sacrifice, as well as experience His power at work in their lives.

The Hope of Resurrection

The believer’s hope lies not only in experiencing the power of Christ’s resurrection in this life but also in the assurance of our own future resurrection and eternal life with Christ (Philippians 3:11, NKJV).

This hope gives us the strength and motivation to press on in our pursuit of righteousness and holiness, knowing that our efforts are not in vain.


In conclusion, the book of Philippians serves as a powerful reminder of the importance of unity, humility, and joy in the life of a believer. Paul’s letter encourages believers to imitate Christ’s example of humility and to find contentment in their relationship with Him, regardless of their circumstances.

The themes and principles found in Philippians continue to be relevant and inspiring for Christians today, providing guidance and encouragement to live a life that is characterized by love, humility, and unity with one another.

Additionally, the book of Philippians challenges believers to pursue righteousness and holiness diligently, recognizing that our ultimate citizenship is in heaven.

Through the pursuit of Christ-likeness and the power of His resurrection, we can experience true joy and contentment in this life and the assurance of eternal life with Christ in the future.

As we study and apply the lessons from the book of Philippians, we can grow in our faith and experience the joy and peace that can only be found in Christ.

Pastor duke taber
Pastor Duke Taber

Pastor Duke Taber

All articles have been written or reviewed by Pastor Duke Taber.
Pastor Duke Taber is an alumnus of Life Pacific University and Multnomah Biblical Seminary.
He has been in pastoral ministry since 1988.
Today he is the owner and managing editor of 3 successful Christian websites that support missionaries around the world.
He is currently starting a brand new church in Mesquite NV called Mesquite Worship Center, a Non-Denominational Spirit Filled Christian church in Mesquite Nevada.