Commentary On Luke 10
Skip to content

Commentary On Luke 10

The Gospel of Luke stands out as a comprehensive narrative presenting a compassionate Jesus, attentive to the marginalized and focused on prayer. In Luke 10, the evangelist offers an expansive lens through which we witness Christ’s mission extending through His disciples.

As we delve into this commentary, our objective is to understand the chapter’s profound implications on the Christian life today.

Luke 10 is a treasure trove of Christ’s wisdom, expressed through parables, instructions, and miraculous stories. As we journey through this chapter, we’ll uncover its deep spiritual insights, unpacking how its messages shape our modern Christian experience and discipleship.

Join us as we traverse the rich tapestry of Luke 10 and unravel its timeless teachings.

Key Takeaways from This Article:

  1. A comprehensive understanding of Luke 10 and its relevance to our Christian journey.
  2. Profound insights into Jesus’ teachings and parables, particularly the story of the Good Samaritan.
  3. Practical lessons on mission, prayer, and discipleship from Jesus’ instructions to the seventy-two disciples.
  4. The significance of Mary and Martha’s story in our spiritual life and discipleship.
Commentary on luke 10

The Sending of the Seventy-Two: Understanding Our Mission

Luke 10 begins with Jesus sending out seventy-two other disciples, beyond the twelve apostles, to every city and place where He was about to go. This critical event underscores the broad scope of Jesus’ mission and the collaborative nature of Kingdom work.

The harvest truly is great, but the laborers are few; therefore pray the Lord of the harvest to send out laborers into His harvest” (Luke 10:2, NKJV). In this verse, Jesus identifies the plentiful harvest and the need for more workers. His words are as valid today as they were in His time.

The world around us is ripe for the Gospel, and Jesus calls us, as He did the seventy-two, to participate in this divine harvest.

Jesus’ instructions to the seventy-two also emphasize trust in God’s provision, proclaiming peace, healing the sick, and declaring the nearness of God’s Kingdom (Luke 10:4-9, NKJV). These instructions offer us, modern disciples, a model for our mission.

They underline the importance of depending on God, seeking peace, focusing on service, and communicating God’s transformative love and grace.

Bible Knowledge Quiz

How much of a Bible lover are you? Take Viral Believers Quiz to find out!

1 / 10

What are the first three words of the Bible?

2 / 10

What is the first book in the Bible?

3 / 10

Who led the Israelites out of Egypt?

4 / 10

Who was thrown into a lions' den but was not harmed?

5 / 10

Who built the ark?

6 / 10

What sea did Moses part to escape the Egyptians?

7 / 10

What fruit did Eve eat from the forbidden tree?

8 / 10

Who was the first man created by God?

9 / 10

What city were Jesus’ parents traveling to when Jesus was born?

10 / 10

Which apostle denied Jesus three times?

Your score is

The average score is 85%


Rejoicing in Our Identity: The Return of the Seventy-Two

Upon their return, the seventy-two disciples are filled with joy, amazed at the authority they had over demons in Jesus’ name (Luke 10:17, NKJV).

Here, we witness the power of Christ’s authority, confirming our faith in His promise: “Behold, I give you the authority to trample on serpents and scorpions, and over all the power of the enemy, and nothing shall by any means hurt you” (Luke 10:19, NKJV).

While acknowledging their achievements, Jesus gently corrects their perspective: “do not rejoice in this, that the spirits are subject to you, but rather rejoice because your names are written in heaven” (Luke 10:20, NKJV). This reminder speaks directly to our hearts today.

Our joy should not be based on our spiritual accomplishments but on our secure identity in Christ.

The rejoicing of the seventy-two underscores the Christian journey’s celebratory nature. Their joy reflects our joy as followers of Christ, serving Him and witnessing His power. Yet, Jesus’ words remind us to keep our focus on the most important thing: our relationship with Him and our secured place in His Kingdom.

The Good Samaritan: A Lesson in Compassion

Perhaps the most famous parable in Luke 10 is the story of the Good Samaritan, a profound lesson on loving one’s neighbor. The story unfolds as a response to the question, “And who is my neighbor?” (Luke 10:29, NKJV), challenging the narrow definition of neighbor prevalent in Jesus’ time.

In the story, the Samaritan is the unlikely hero, demonstrating extraordinary compassion towards a wounded stranger (Luke 10:33-35, NKJV). His actions starkly contrast those of the priest and the Levite, who, despite their religious status, pass by the victim.

This parable challenges us to expand our understanding of “neighbor” beyond boundaries of race, religion, and social status.

In Jesus’ question, “So which of these three do you think was neighbor to him who fell among the thieves?” (Luke 10:36, NKJV), we find an important shift in perspective.

The emphasis is not on identifying who our neighbors are, but on being a good neighbor ourselves. This story remains a powerful call to action, encouraging us to show mercy and compassion in a world desperate for genuine love.

Jesus’ Prayer of Thanksgiving: Revealing the Father’s Will

In Luke 10:21-22, we encounter a beautiful prayer of Jesus, filled with joy and gratitude. Here, Jesus rejoices in the Father’s will, the revelation of spiritual truths to the simple, and the intimate relationship between the Father and the Son. This prayer gives us insights into the heart of Christ and the nature of the divine will.

I thank You, Father, Lord of heaven and earth, that You have hidden these things from the wise and prudent and revealed them to babes. Even so, Father, for so it seemed good in Your sight” (Luke 10:21, NKJV).

Jesus’ words underline the divine paradox where profound spiritual truths are hidden from the ‘wise’ and revealed to the ‘simple’. This encourages us to approach our faith with humility and childlike openness, ready to receive God’s revelation.

Further, Jesus emphasizes His unique relationship with the Father and His exclusive role as the revealer of the Father (Luke 10:22, NKJV). This underscores the centrality of Christ in our spiritual journey. To know the Father, we must come through Jesus, surrendering our self-sufficiency and embracing His revelation.

The Story of Mary and Martha: Balancing Service and Devotion

Luke 10 concludes with the intimate narrative of Mary and Martha, two sisters who hosted Jesus in their home. Their story presents an enlightening dichotomy of service and devotion, offering valuable lessons for our spiritual lives.

Martha, busy with the practicalities of hosting, becomes frustrated with Mary, who sits at Jesus’ feet, absorbed in His teaching (Luke 10:40, NKJV).

Jesus’ gentle response to Martha’s complaint, “Martha, Martha, you are worried and troubled about many things. But one thing is needed, and Mary has chosen that good part, which will not be taken away from her” (Luke 10:41-42, NKJV), points to the importance of prioritizing our relationship with Him.

This narrative does not discredit the value of service. Instead, it calls for balance, cautioning against letting service overshadow our devotion. In our Christian walk, we are to intertwine our Marthas’ diligent service with Mary’s devoted attentiveness, ensuring our work for Christ flows from our relationship with Him.

The Greatest Commandment: Love God, Love Your Neighbor

Earlier in the chapter, Jesus engages with a lawyer who tests Him with the question, “What shall I do to inherit eternal life?” (Luke 10:25, NKJV). Jesus’ response leads to the summary of the entire law in two commandments: Love God and love your neighbor.

Jesus affirms the lawyer’s understanding that loving God with all our heart, soul, strength, and mind, and loving our neighbor as ourselves, is the path to eternal life (Luke 10:27, NKJV). He further says, “do this and you will live” (Luke 10:28, NKJV).

This exchange underscores the centrality of love in our Christian faith. Our relationship with God is inseparable from our relationships with others. To love God fully involves loving others selflessly. As modern disciples, this reinforces our call to embody love, reflecting Christ’s love in our interactions with others.

Gratitude and Joy: The Disciples’ Return

When the seventy-two disciples return from their mission, they rejoice in the power they exercised in Jesus’ name (Luke 10:17, NKJV).

This demonstration of authority over evil spirits is a testament to the transformative power of faith in Christ, echoing His promise, “I give you the authority … over all the power of the enemy” (Luke 10:19, NKJV).

Jesus, however, refocuses their joy, saying, “do not rejoice in this, that the spirits are subject to you, but rather rejoice because your names are written in heaven” (Luke 10:20, NKJV). Here, Jesus points to a more profound source of joy – the assurance of our heavenly citizenship.

This exchange carries a potent message for us today. While we celebrate the victories and blessings in our lives, our ultimate joy should spring from our relationship with God and our secured place in His eternal kingdom.

Privilege of Revelation: The Father’s Good Pleasure

In the midst of His disciples’ joyous return, Jesus exclaims, “I thank You, Father, Lord of heaven and earth, that You have hidden these things from the wise and prudent and revealed them to babes. Even so, Father, for so it seemed good in Your sight” (Luke 10:21, NKJV).

This statement reveals the divine paradox – spiritual truths are often hidden from the “wise” but disclosed to the “simple.”

This serves as a reminder for us to approach God’s Word and our spiritual journey with humility and openness, like children ready to learn. It also reiterates that revelation is a divine privilege, granted according to the Father’s good pleasure.


Luke 10 is a vibrant tapestry of narratives, parables, and teachings that offer profound insights for our Christian journey.

From the commissioning of the seventy-two to the story of the Good Samaritan and the incident of Mary and Martha, we are encouraged to reflect upon our mission, our identity, and our approach to service and devotion.

Jesus’ teaching in this chapter underscores the importance of love as the foundation of our faith – love for God, love for our neighbor, and even love for our enemies. His lessons inspire us to live out our faith in action, through service and compassion, and yet not to neglect the essence of devoted relationship with Him.

Indeed, as we delve deeper into the treasure that is Luke 10, we realize that these timeless teachings are as applicable today as they were in Jesus’ time. They guide us in our walk of faith, challenge us to rise to the demands of Christian discipleship, and inspire us to be ambassadors of Christ’s love in our world.

As we continue to reflect on and live out these teachings, we become more attuned to God’s heart, growing in our relationship with Him, and becoming more effective in our mission as His disciples.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Pastor duke taber
Pastor Duke Taber

Pastor Duke Taber

All articles have been written or reviewed by Pastor Duke Taber.
Pastor Duke Taber is an alumnus of Life Pacific University and Multnomah Biblical Seminary.
He has been in pastoral ministry since 1988.
Today he is the owner and managing editor of 3 successful Christian websites that support missionaries around the world.
He is currently starting a brand new church in Mesquite NV called Mesquite Worship Center, a Non-Denominational Spirit Filled Christian church in Mesquite Nevada.