Commentary On Judges 8
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Commentary On Judges 8

In this detailed exploration, we delve into the Book of Judges Chapter 8, one of the most dramatic chapters in the entire Bible. This narrative is filled with highly charged scenarios that offer crucial insights into human nature, leadership, and God’s sovereign purpose.

As we dissect its narrative structure and biblical themes, we’ll rely heavily on close textual analysis, seeking to illuminate its spiritual and moral significances from a distinctly Charismatic Christian perspective.

We’ll focus not only on the letter of the scripture, but also its spirit, acknowledging God’s power and guidance (2 Timothy 3:16-17). Exploring each verse’s implications and interpretations, we will endeavour to comprehend its meaning within the context of the charismatic tradition.

Whether you’re here to broaden your understanding or deep-dive into spiritual exploration and theological reasoning, you are welcome – let’s step into the complex world of Judges Chapter 8.

Commentary on judges 8

Understanding the Significance of the War with Midian: A Closer Examination of Judges 8:1-10

The war with the Midianites, a key event depicted in Judges 8:1-10, holds significant implications for our understanding of divine justice, the sovereignty of God, and the chosen role of the Israelites. According to the biblical account, God delivered the Midianites into the hands of Gideon and his chosen men.

Gideon’s initial reaction to God’s call was doubt and questioning (Judges 6:13). Yet, his subsequent submission and obedience led to a significant victory for the Israelites. This emphasizes the constant biblical theme of obedience being more important than sacrifice (1 Samuel 15:22).

  • Understanding Divine Justice: The Midianite oppression was, in hindsight, a divine punishment for the Israelite disobedience. Upon the Israelite repentance, God chose to deliver them from their oppressors (Judges 6:6-8). The war against Midian serves as a clear example of divine justice – God’s merciful act of delivering those who repent.
  • God’s Sovereignty: In the reduction of Gideon’s army to a group of 300 men (Judges 7:2-3), we see a display of God’s omnipotence. Despite the overwhelming odds, God gives them a decisive victory. This demonstrates that success is not determined by human strength or numbers but by God’s power. It emphasizes an important biblical principle: “Not by might nor by power, but by my Spirit,” says the LORD Almighty. (Zechariah 4:6)
  • Role of the Israelites: The victory over Midian implemented God’s judgment and established Israel once more as His instrument (Judges 2:16). This further validated the Israelites’ role as agents of divine justice and servants of God’s will.

The war with Midian goes beyond an historical event of ancient times; it echoes timeless truths about obedience, faith, and God’s power. By delving deeper into Judges 8:1-10, one can see the grandeur of God’s wisdom, the extent of His control, and the possibility of His grace.

For as the New Testament reiterates, all scripture is given by inspiration of God and is useful for teaching, correcting, and training in righteousness (2 Timothy 3:16). Therefore, every account, including that of the war with Midian, provides valuable lessons and insights for our faith journey.

Gideon’s Spiritual Leadership: Unpacking Lessons from Judges 8:11-21

When we dive into the book of Judges, particularly chapter 8 verses 11-21, we uncover brilliant lessons about the spiritual leadership of Gideon.

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As the narrative unfolds, we learn details of his military campaign against the Midianites. But it is his relationship with God and his gritty faith that take center stage. Here are three significant lessons:

Spiritual Courage: After a victorious battle, Gideon displayed tremendous spiritual courage when he pursued the fleeing Midianite kings, Zebah and Zalmunna.

The text states, “Gideon went up by the route of the nomads east of Nobah and Jogbehah and attacked the unsuspecting army” (Judges 8:11). Despite exhaustion, Gideon pressed on, driven by God’s mandate– a paragon of spiritual boldness committed to fulfilling God’s mission.

Dependence on God: As Gideon and his 300 men gave chase, they encountered resistance and weariness. They sought help from the people of Succoth and Penuel, but their requests were denied. Instead of buckling under this adversity, Gideon continued the pursuit, relying solely on God.

This act invokes Psalm 121:2: “My help comes from the LORD, the Maker of heaven and earth.” His unwavering dependence on God showcases another significant pillar of spiritual leadership.

The Call to Accountability: Upon capturing the Midianite kings, Gideon didn’t hesitate to call out the elders of Succoth and Penuel for their unhelpful actions.

He asserts God’s justice and in doing so, exemplifies Proverbs 27:5 which encourages open rebuke over hidden love. He held them accountable for their actions—a lesson for leaders everywhere in the righteousness and fairness of God’s Kingdom.

The narratives surrounding Gideon offer important insights into the kind of spiritual leadership God desires and blesses. A commitment to God’s mission, reliance on divine strength, and upholding accountability are the timeless lessons leaders can draw from Gideon’s story.

The Golden Ephod and Israel’s Idolatry: Investigating the Implications in Judges 8:22-27

One of the key passages in the biblical book of Judges is found in Judges 8:22-27, where Gideon, the hero of Israel, forms an ephod out of the gold plundered from the Midianites and sets it up in his home town, Ophrah.

Yet, this golden ephod becomes a snare to Gideon and his family and the whole of Israel, who “prostituted” themselves by worshiping it (Judges 8:27).

The text indicates a distinct shift from Gideon’s victorious faith to the onset of corporate idolatry, underscoring the recurrent theme of Israel’s spiritual instability and the devastating consequences of disobedience to God’s commandments in Deuteronomy 6:14, where they were expressly prohibited against following other gods.

The making of an ephod itself was not an issue as it was a priestly garment described in Exodus 28, but the problem was in making it an object of worship which contravened God’s commandment in Exodus 20:3-5 prohibiting idol worship. The golden ephod became problematic because of:

  • Abuse of Victory: Gideon misused the gold from the victory over Midianites for personal gain rather than devoting it to God.
  • Disobedience to God’s Command: Creating an idol for worship directly violated God’s commands given at Sinai.
  • Distracting Israel: Rather than pointing Israel toward God, the ephod caused the nation to turn away.

Essentially, this narrative serves as an important reminder of the subtlety of spiritual idolatry and the ease with which blessings can turn into stumbling blocks when misused or manipulated.

Gideon’s downfall underscores the vulnerability of illustrious faith under the weight of prosperity, positioned against the context of a nation that often swayed between obedience and rebellion.

Israel’s episode of idolatry through the golden ephod underpins the need to shun any form of spiritual compromise under all circumstances, harking back to Joshua’s exhortation in Joshua 24:14 to “fear the Lord and serve him with all faithfulness.”

The Cycle of Apostasy: Insight into Judges 8:28-35’s Warning for Today’s Discipleship

In the book of Judges, we see a pattern occurring over and over again – the cycle of apostasy.

The Israelites, having been delivered from their enemies and afforded a period of peace, forget about God and drift back into sin, necessitating divine punishment before they repent, cry out for help, and God, in His mercy and grace, provides a judge to deliver them.

This happens no fewer than seven times throughout the book, and one such instance is recorded in Judges 8:28-35.

In this passage, God hands over victory to Gideon and the Israelites over the Midianites. Peace prevails for forty years but when Gideon dies, the Israelites quickly relapse into idolatry.

They forget their God and the covenant He had made with them, instead choosing to worship false gods, in disregard of God’s explicit commands (Exodus 20:3-6).

Seemingly, they also neglect the sacrifice and commitment Gideon had made and the miracles God had performed. Judges 8:34-35 indicates how quickly they fell away:

  • “And the children of Israel remembered not the Lord their God, who had delivered them out of the hands of all their enemies on every side”
  • ” neither shewed they kindness to the house of Jerubbaal, namely, Gideon, according to all the goodness which he had shewed unto Israel.”

This cycle of apostasy offers a profound warning for us today. It highlights the danger of spiritual amnesia and the importance of continual and intentional discipleship. As soon as we start taking God’s grace and deliverance for granted, we set ourselves up for a fall.

We must be diligent and conscious, remembering His goodness, serving Him obediently, and treating one another with kindness. Thus, the book of Judges isn’t merely a history of Israel’s repeated failure but rather a reflection of human frailty and a call for steadfast commitment to God’s word (James 1:22-25).

Reflection and Application: The Enduring Themes in Judges Chapter Eight

The book of Judges, and particularly chapter eight, provides an insightful reflection on two enduring themes: human frailty and divine providence.

It vividly portrays the cyclical pattern of conflict, deliverance, peace, and apostasy that characterized the Israelites during this period. The narrative about Gideon in this chapter significantly contributes to these thematic currents.

Gideon’s victories over the Midianites are a concrete demonstration of the theme of divine providence. The Israelites were heavily outnumbered and under-resourced (Judges 6:5), yet they emerged victorious because God was with them (Judges 7:2-7).

This victory, however, was not meant to glorify Gideon or Israel, but God himself. “I will deliver you with the 300 men” (Judges 7:7), the Lord declared, underscore means through which the glory returned to God, underscoring that without Him, victory is impossible.

And when the people wanted to make Gideon their king, he refused and pointed them back to God: “I will not rule over you, neither shall my son rule over you, the Lord shall rule over you” (Judges 8:23).

Yet, the narrative also does not overlook Gideon’s and the Israelites’ frailty. Despite his lofty exploits, Gideon made a golden ephod from the spoils of war, which Israel went on to worship (Judges 8:27).

This illustrates the cyclical apostasy of the Israelites and is a poignant reminder of human fallibility; even those used mightily by God can stumble and lead others astray. Further, Israel’s quick turn to idolatry underscores their fickle nature and tendency towards spiritual neglect when not facing adversity.

While the book of Judges might often seem like a chronicle of human failure, it is also a stark reminder of God’s patient, relentless pursuit of His wayward people. As we study Judges, we learn from the Israelites’ mistakes and are reminded of the utter necessity of relying on God’s providence rather than human strength.


In conclusion, Judges 8 paints a vivid portrait of Gideon’s resilience, flaws, and ultimate faith in the midst of Israel’s tumultuous, spiritual, and political climate.

It offers myriad lessons and timeless principles applicable in our lives in the 21st century, reminding us of the essentiality of steadfast faith, servant leadership, and strong resistance to idolatrous inclinations – despite societal pressures.

This chapter paints a candid picture of Gideon, flawed yet greatly used by God, reminding us as it is written in 2 Corinthians 12:9 (NKJV) – “But He said to me, ‘My grace is sufficient for you, for my power is made perfect in weakness.’

Therefore I will boast all the more gladly about my weaknesses, so that Christ’s power may rest on me.”

The words from the Book of Judges 8 remind us that God manifests His power in our weakness and shapes us according to His divine plan. Until we unravel the nuanced spiritual implications in the next chapter, let our hearts and minds ponder on the profound message of this enriching narrative.

Pastor duke taber
Pastor Duke Taber

Pastor Duke Taber

All articles have been written or reviewed by Pastor Duke Taber.
Pastor Duke Taber is an alumnus of Life Pacific University and Multnomah Biblical Seminary.
He has been in pastoral ministry since 1988.
Today he is the owner and managing editor of 3 successful Christian websites that support missionaries around the world.
He is currently starting a brand new church in Mesquite NV called Mesquite Worship Center, a Non-Denominational Spirit Filled Christian church in Mesquite Nevada.