Commentary on Genesis 9
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Commentary on Genesis 9

In the grand narrative of Scripture, Genesis 9 is a lighthouse, standing resolute in a sea of humanity’s first encounters with God’s grace and mercy.

Following the aftermath of the great flood, this chapter records a powerful covenant made by God with Noah, humanity, and the earth. It is a beacon of hope, a reassurance of God’s enduring commitment to His creation.

Genesis 9 is brimming with profound theological implications and timeless truths that touch on the heart of our human existence, divine justice, and the depth of God’s mercy.

This commentary endeavors to delve into this fascinating chapter, casting light on its historical, theological, and practical aspects in the context of our modern faith journey.

Key Takeaways from This Article:

  1. A deeper understanding of the significance of Genesis 9 in the Biblical narrative.
  2. Insight into the Noahic covenant and its implications for humanity and the earth.
  3. An appreciation of the eternal truths about God’s character revealed in this chapter.
  4. Practical applications of the principles in Genesis 9 for contemporary Christian living.
Commentary on genesis 9

The Setting: After the Flood

The story of Genesis 9 takes place just after the cataclysmic flood event that eradicated all life on earth, save for Noah, his family, and the animals on the ark. This context is essential to understanding the events and declarations made in this chapter.

The world had been purified by the flood, and Noah and his family were stepping into a fresh start, a world reset by divine intervention.

Genesis 8:21 records God’s response after Noah built an altar and offered burnt offerings on it: “And the LORD smelled a soothing aroma.

Then the LORD said in His heart, ‘I will never again curse the ground for man’s sake, although the imagination of man’s heart is evil from his youth; nor will I again destroy every living thing as I have done.'” (NKJV). This declaration sets the stage for the promises and covenant that unfold in Genesis 9.

The severity of the flood and God’s mercy in saving Noah and his family underscore the grace of God in the midst of judgment. It serves as a reminder that God is not only a God of justice but also a God of grace and mercy, providing a way of escape from judgment for those who follow His ways.

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The Noahic Covenant: A Promise to All Creation

One of the central elements of Genesis 9 is the Noahic covenant, a divine promise involving not only humanity but all living creatures. God makes an everlasting covenant with Noah and his descendants, affirming that He would never again destroy the earth with a flood (Genesis 9:11, NKJV).

He provides the rainbow as a sign of this covenant, a visual reminder of His promise.

I set My rainbow in the cloud, and it shall be for the sign of the covenant between Me and the earth.” (Genesis 9:13, NKJV). God’s covenant extends beyond humanity to include every living creature and the earth itself.

This universal scope is indicative of God’s concern and care for all His creation, affirming that His mercy and faithfulness extend to all life forms and the planet.

The Noahic covenant stands as an enduring reminder of God’s faithfulness. Every rainbow we see in the sky serves as a testament to God’s promise, reminding us that despite humanity’s tendency to sin, God in His mercy has committed to sustain the earth, demonstrating His steadfast love and faithfulness.

The Sanctity of Life: A Divine Mandate

Genesis 9 underscores the sanctity of human life. In verses 5 and 6, God establishes a fundamental principle: human life is sacred and must be respected. He stipulates that anyone who takes a human life must have their life taken in return, emphasizing the equal value of every life.

Whoever sheds man’s blood, By man his blood shall be shed; For in the image of God He made man.” (Genesis 9:6, NKJV).

Here, God is not promoting a culture of revenge, but emphasizing the sanctity and value of human life. This command is rooted in the recognition that humans are made in God’s image and therefore carry inherent dignity and worth.

The principles enshrined in these verses form the basis for our understanding of the value of human life. As believers, we are reminded of the divine mandate to respect and uphold the sanctity of every human life, recognizing that each person is uniquely created in God’s image and carries immense value.

From Noah to All Nations: The Table of Nations

Genesis 9 is also the precursor to the “Table of Nations” in Genesis 10, which outlines the descendants of Noah’s sons—Shem, Ham, and Japheth.

These descendants eventually form the various nations of the earth. In this context, Genesis 9:18-19 introduces us to the reality of a world populated by the offspring of Noah’s sons.

Now the sons of Noah who went out of the ark were Shem, Ham, and Japheth. And Ham was the father of Canaan. These three were the sons of Noah, and from these the whole earth was populated.” (Genesis 9:18-19, NKJV).

This passage emphasizes the universality of humanity, as all nations and people groups can trace their lineage back to Noah, further reinforcing the connectedness of all humans.

These verses remind us of our shared human experience and the unity of all nations under God. In an age where divisiveness can be prominent, the account of Noah’s descendants is a poignant reminder of our shared ancestry and the underlying unity that binds all of humanity.

The Curse of Canaan: Understanding Ham’s Transgression

The curious incident in Genesis 9:20-27 involving Noah’s drunkenness and Ham’s disrespectful action has stirred many questions and debates. The passage recounts how Ham saw his father’s nakedness and told his brothers, resulting in Noah pronouncing a curse—not on Ham, interestingly, but on Ham’s son, Canaan.

Then he said: ‘Cursed be Canaan; A servant of servants He shall be to his brethren.’” (Genesis 9:25, NKJV). This curse was a response to a grievous act of disrespect towards Noah.

This passage reveals the gravity of dishonoring parents and the consequences of such actions. It also highlights the role of leadership and the importance of maintaining dignity and respect within the family unit.

In this narrative, we find an important principle about honor and respect within familial and societal structures. As believers, it calls us to honor and respect our parents and those placed in positions of authority, recognizing these relationships’ importance in God’s order.

The Blessing on Shem and Japheth: Honor Rewarded

In contrast to Ham’s disrespect, Shem and Japheth’s act of covering their father’s nakedness while looking away is commended. Noah pronounces a blessing on them, signifying honor and prosperity.

Blessed be the LORD, The God of Shem, And may Canaan be his servant. May God enlarge Japheth, And may he dwell in the tents of Shem; And may Canaan be his servant.” (Genesis 9:26-27, NKJV). This blessing reaffirms the significance of showing respect and maintaining the dignity of others.

Shem and Japheth’s actions and subsequent blessing remind us that acts of honor, respect, and kindness do not go unnoticed by God. It underscores the biblical principle that those who honor will be honored (1 Samuel 2:30, NKJV).

It also calls us to show kindness and respect in our dealings with others, acknowledging the dignity inherent in every human being.

The Life of Noah: Lessons from a Faithful Servant

Genesis 9 ends with an account of the rest of Noah’s life and his death. The Bible tells us that Noah lived for 350 years after the flood, making his total lifespan 950 years. His life serves as a testament to the faithfulness of God and offers rich lessons for our faith journey.

So all the days of Noah were nine hundred and fifty years; and he died.” (Genesis 9:29, NKJV). While the Bible does not provide many details about Noah’s post-flood life, his legacy lives on in the faithfulness he exhibited during the flood.

His life serves as an enduring testament to obedience and trust in God, even in the midst of uncertainty and chaos.

The account of Noah’s life encourages us to trust in God’s promises, heed His instructions, and live in obedience to His commands. His life serves as a testimony to the faithfulness of God, reminding us that God rewards those who diligently seek Him (Hebrews 11:6, NKJV).


Genesis 9 is a rich narrative that explores divine covenants, the sanctity of life, familial relationships, respect for authority, and the faithfulness of God. It offers an intimate view into God’s mercy and faithfulness, demonstrating His commitment to humanity and the entire creation.

From the refreshing aftermath of the flood, the profound Noahic covenant, the high esteem for life, to the table of nations, this chapter provides significant insights into the heart of God and His interaction with humanity.

These enduring truths remind us of our sacred duty to respect life, honor those in authority, and faithfully adhere to God’s covenant.

The story of Genesis 9, although occurring millennia ago, is ever relevant to our contemporary Christian walk. It beckons us to live lives marked by obedience, respect for all life, and faith in God’s enduring promises.

As we continue to reflect on these truths, may we be inspired to live out these principles in our daily lives, honoring God in all we do.

Finally, let us never forget the sight of the rainbow in the sky, a sign of God’s covenant with us, a reminder of His faithfulness, mercy, and steadfast love. As we behold its beauty, let it fill our hearts with gratitude and renew our commitment to live as faithful stewards of God’s creation.

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Pastor duke taber
Pastor Duke Taber

Pastor Duke Taber

All articles have been written or reviewed by Pastor Duke Taber.
Pastor Duke Taber is an alumnus of Life Pacific University and Multnomah Biblical Seminary.
He has been in pastoral ministry since 1988.
Today he is the owner and managing editor of 3 successful Christian websites that support missionaries around the world.
He is currently starting a brand new church in Mesquite NV called Mesquite Worship Center, a Non-Denominational Spirit Filled Christian church in Mesquite Nevada.