Exodus 1 Commentary: A Theological Exploration of Persecution & Divine Providence

As we open the pages of the Holy Bible, the book of Exodus consistently emerges as a testament to God’s unwavering faithfulness amidst trials and turmoil. As Charismatic Christians, it is fundamentally crucial for us to understand Exodus not only as an intriguing historical narrative but primarily as a repository of divine lessons that continue to mold our spiritual journey.

This in-depth commentary on Exodus 1 aims to peel back the layers of the trials, tribulations, and eventual deliverance experienced by the Israelites. As readers, be prepared to embark on a voyage of historical and theological exploration, applying the extracted wisdom into our own contemporary contexts.

Key Takeaways from the Article:

  • Garner a comprehensive understanding of the book of Exodus.
  • Unveil the comforting concept of divine providence during instances of persecution.
  • Discover applications of the lessons embedded in Exodus 1 to our lives today.
  • Bask in the reassuring light of God’s continual faithfulness in adversity.
ph7tostghpa Exodus 1 Commentary: A Theological Exploration of Persecution & Divine Providence

Delving into Exodus: The Historical Context

As Charismatic Christians, our exploration of the Bible should begin with a comprehensive understanding of the historical context. The book of Exodus forms the second book of the Torah and is placed as the centerpiece of Israel’s history in the Old Testament. It encapsulates their escape from Egyptian oppression, their venturing into the wilderness, and their eventual landing on the doorstep of the Promised Land.

In Exodus 1, we encounter an enslaved Israelite population in Egypt. Their previous position of favor, courtesy of Joseph’s high standing, had metamorphosed into a living nightmare as “a new king.., who did not know Joseph” (Exodus 1:8, NKJV) ensues reign. This rapidly shifting environment creates curiosities not just for historians, but immensely for us believers, as it outlines a clear understanding of the Israelites’ struggle under Egyptian bondage and God’s deliverance plan in motion.

Of crucial importance is the connection of Exodus 1 with the overarching narrative of God’s covenant with His people. The unyielding story of God’s promise to Abraham in Genesis finds continued expression in Exodus, reminding us of the undying assurance of God’s faithfulness. Hence, this book is more than a sequence of random historical occurrences; rather, it is an active compilation of God’s miraculous hand at work.

Exodus 1 – The Afflictions Borne by Israelites

In the further chronological proceedings of Exodus 1, as we skim through verses 1-7, we find important information related to the Israelites in Egypt. From being a cozy group of seventy, the Israelites grew into a “multitude,” so much so that the land was “filled with them” (Exodus 1:7, NKJV). This growth, instead of being celebrated, turned into a source of paranoia for the new Pharaoh, and subsequently, triggered their oppression.

Turning to verses 8-14 of Exodus 1, we see the explicit intricacies of the Israelites’ hardships. Not only did they face immense physical strain and oppression, but they also bore the brunt of the Pharaoh’s recurring fear and manipulation. The detailed description of their harsh service, the ruthlessness of their masters, and all-encompassing suffering vividly paints a picture far from pleasant. Nonetheless, it is key to remember that these afflictions remain essential facets of the greater narrative that unfolds.

In an analogous sense, as 21st-century followers of Christ, donning the role of modern Israelites, we, too, bear our own versions of Egyptian bondages. Be it anxiety, fear, depression, illness, or even the burden of sin— our present-day struggles aren’t unlike that of our ancient counterparts. As Charismatic Christians, gleaning insights from the Israelites under Egyptian oppression can provide solace and lessons for navigating our spiritual and physical struggles. “For whatever was written in earlier times was written for our instruction, that through perseverance and the encouragement of the Scriptures we might have hope” (Romans 15:4, NKJV).

God’s Providence Amidst Hardships

The concept of divine providence can be defined as the belief in God’s unending and active involvement in the universe, orchestrating circumstances to fulfill His purpose. This can be profoundly seen in Exodus 1 where, despite the oppression and suffering of Israelites, God was constantly at work.

Take, for instance, Exodus 1:12 (NKJV) – “But the more they afflicted them, the more they multiplied and grew.” This verse implicitly highlights God’s providence. Even while under anguish and despair, the Israelites continued to flourish—evidence of God’s protective hand on His chosen people. God took the worst circumstances and transformed them into a vehicle for growth and multiplication.

In our lives, we too encounter hardships—be it financial strains, health issues, or relational breakdowns. During these times, bearing in mind the metaphor of God’s divine providence represented through Exodus 1 can provide consolation and strength. It prods us to remember that just as He was with the Israelites, so is He meticulously involved in our lives, working all things for our good (Romans 8:28, NKJV).

Hebrew Midwives – Prioritizing God over Man

The narrative of Exodus 1 introduces us to two Hebrew midwives – Shiphrah and Puah. They were insignificant by the world’s standards, yet they exhibited immense faith and fear of God, which had profound implications.

Defying the king’s command to kill Hebrew male newborns, they chose to fear God over man, asserting that “the Hebrew women…give birth before the midwives come to them.” (Exodus 1:19 NKJV). The midwives’ refusal demonstrated that their ultimate allegiance was to God and His moral law rather than the dictates of a human authority.

Just as the Hebrew midwives faced a significant moral dilemma, we too encounter situations where obedience to God might mean potential conflict with worldly powers. When encountering such predicaments, the boldness and faith of these midwives serve as a beacon, encouraging us to stand our ground. Their story propels us to prioritize ‘fear of God’ over ‘fear of man,’ bracing us to side with righteousness even when it seems inconvenient or risky.

Unseen Blessings in Afflictions

The afflictions faced by the Hebrews under Egyptian oppression paint a vivid schema of unyielding perseverance. Despite being under the brutal reign, they continued to multiply and grow resiliently. In Exodus 1:20 NKJV, it is said, “Therefore God dealt well with the midwives. And the people multiplied and grew very mighty.”

Notably, amidst the rigorous labor and duties, the Hebrews found an unseen blessing—growth. Their growth amidst persecution beautifully encapsulates the truth that hardships often open doors to unforeseen blessings.

In our lives, we too encounter a range of afflictions, which may sometimes seem unbearable. However, the story of Israelites reminds us to fathom that God often uses affliction as a tool for refining us and unveiling His divine blessings. The Apostle Paul beautifully sums this up when he says, “we also glory in tribulations, knowing that tribulation produces perseverance; and perseverance, character; and character, hope” (Romans 5:3-4, NKJV). Therefore, even in the face of adversity, we can carry hope, knowing that God is at work, steering us towards growth and blessings.

Lessons on Dealing with Suffering: Gleanings from Exodus 1

Exodus 1 presents a rich tapestry of lessons on dealing with suffering and persecution. As Charismatic Christians, we’re often acquainted with trials of various kinds. What can we learn from the Israelites’ ordeal in Exodus 1, and how can we successfully navigate our trials?

One such lesson is the significant role of community support in dealing with adversity. The Israelites were not alone in their suffering. They shared their burdens and faced the trials collectively. In the contemporary context, it’s a hearty reminder that we aren’t meant to handle life’s tribulations all by ourselves. Galatians 6:2 (NKJV) encourages us to “Bear one another’s burdens, and so fulfill the law of Christ.”

Another critical lesson here lies in the space given to lamentation. Exodus does not shy away from laying bare the anguish of the Israelites. In our society where displaying grief is often regarded as a sign of weakness, this teaches us the validity and catharsis that honest lamentation brings. As David asserts in Psalms, “The righteous cry out, and the LORD hears, And delivers them out of all their troubles” (Psalm 34:17, NKJV).

Lastly, the undoubted faith and hope in God’s deliverance, as displayed by the Hebrew midwives amid their harsh reality, is a lesson for us all. No matter how grim the circumstance, trusting and leaning on God’s promises reap in endurance, hope, and eventual deliverance.


Our exploration of Exodus 1 has allowed us to glean pivotal theological insights. From understanding how God’s providence works even in hardships to reading the accounts of brave Hebrew midwives and the lessons applicable for our present trials. The narrative is packed with wisdom, providing a timeless roadmap on navigating the trials of our life.

As believers in today’s context, we can undoubtedly imbibe these lessons in our lives, bridging the gap between the then Israelites and us now. We can be equally assured of God’s providence, being reminded that He is at work in our circumstances, turning them towards our good and His glory.

In a final exhortation drawn from the recurring themes of Exodus 1, let’s draw strength from the Israelites’ faith, learn to passionately and fearlessly honor God above all, and courageously face our trials knowing that they are the refining fires through which God is molding us, all the while carrying an unwavering hope in His deliverance. As Paul said, “I consider that our present sufferings are not worth comparing with the glory that will be revealed in us” (Romans 8:18, NKJV).

About The Author

Scroll to Top