Commentary On Deuteronomy 7
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Commentary On Deuteronomy 7

As we delve deeper into the layers of scripture in the Book of Deuteronomy Chapter 7, we embark on a profound exploration of prophetic foresight, divine obedience, and crucial monotheistic assertion.

The NKJV reflects that it is imbued with eternal wisdom, rooted in faith and obedience to one true God, cautionary statements against idolatry, instructions regarding intermarriages, and heartening promises of blessings and increase.

As an enthusiastic theologian eager to unpack the richness and complex layers of scriptural teachings, I intend to present a charismatic Christian perspective on these key elements.

This commentary provides illumination and necessary context of these deeply embedded teachings while ensuring our learning journey is not only substantial but translates into practical application.

May this commentary serve both as an intellectual guide and a spiritual catalyst, fostering understanding and fostering deeper devotion within our faith journey.

Commentary on deuteronomy 7

Introduction and General Overview of Deuteronomy Chapter 7

The book of Deuteronomy is a hallmark in the old testament of the Bible, specifically its seventh chapter, which is rich with divine messages, adages, and laws for the children of Israel. Its content revolves around the Israelites and their encounters, particularly their journey into the promised lands.

The seventh chapter, in particular, contains a direct discourse from God to the Israelites about entering, conquering, and living in the land God has promised them.

God’s Instructions are clear and straightforward. They include commandments such as “When the Lord your God brings you into the land you are entering to possess and drives out before you many nations…you must destroy them totally. Make no treaty with them, and show them no mercy.” (Deuteronomy 7:1-2, NKJV).

This direction could seem harsh, but these commandments have profound spiritual implications and serve to protect the Israelites from spiritual and physical harm in the future. Furthermore, God did not make these commands without providing the Israelites bountiful promises and assurance of his mercy.

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God’s Promises and Assurance serve as a beacon of hope for the Israelites. Some promises laid are “I will make you the head and not the tail; you shall be above only, and not be beneath…The Lord will cause your enemies who rise against you to be defeated before your face” (Deuteronomy 7:14-15, NKJV).

God also assures them that no matter how formidable the nations they were to drive out seemed, God would protect and lead them to victory – “Do not be terrified by them, for the Lord your God, who is among you, is a great and awesome God.” (Deuteronomy 7:21, NKJV).

These divine promises and assurance underscore the profound belief that in obedience to God, despite the odds, there is victory and triumph.

Theological Analysis of Israel’s Appointment as a Chosen People (Deuteronomy 7:6)

In Deuteronomy 7:6, the scripture reads, “For you are a holy people to the Lord your God; the Lord, your God has chosen you to be a people for His own possession, out of all the peoples who are on the face of the earth” (NKJV).

Here, the concept of Israel as the ‘Chosen People’ is reinforced, and it is told that they were selected by God Himself from all the nations on the earth.

The keyword in this scripture is chosen, indicating a divine selection based on God’s inexplicable wisdom and sovereignty. This exploration is not just historically or ethnically significant, but is deeply imprinted in the theological realm as a paradigm of God’s gracious election.

The phrase “holy people” does not merely imply moral righteousness, but rather the intended uniqueness and separateness of the Israelites.

This separation is for divine service, as illustrated in Exodus 19:5, “If you will indeed obey My voice and keep My covenant, then you shall be a special treasure to Me above all people; for all the earth is Mine”” (NKJV).

As God’s chosen people, they are singled out not for special privileges, but for the fulfillment of God’s covenantal promises and stipulations, thereby underscoring the responsibility component of this divine election.

God’s motivation for this choice is purely his love and faithfulness, as confirmed in Deuteronomy 7:7-8.

  • God’s unmerited love: The scripture says in Deuteronomy 7:7, “The Lord did not set His love on you nor choose you because you were more in number than any other people, for you were the least of all peoples” (NKJV). This reinforces that it was not because of Israel’s strength or their number that they were chosen, but it was solely God’s love, grace, and mercy.
  • God’s faithfulness: In Deuteronomy 7:8, it reads, “But because the Lord loves you, and because He would keep the oath which He swore to your fathers…” (NKJV). It depicts the relentless faithfulness of God towards His promises made to the Israelite forefathers.

Therefore, this theological analysis of the divine choice of Israel as a ‘Chosen People’ displays God’s sovereignty, His self-originating love, and His incomparable faithfulness. Most significantly, it establishes the paradigm of an elect people assigned with divine purpose and accountability.

Understanding the Covenant and Deliverance Narratives (Deuteronomy 7:8-9)

Primarily, Deuteronomy 7:8-9 brings to light God’s unwavering commitment to His covenant and His people. The verse says,

‘But because the Lord loves you, and because He would keep the oath which He swore to your fathers, the Lord has brought you out with a mighty hand, and redeemed you from the house of bondage, the hand of Pharaoh king of Egypt.

Therefore know that the Lord your God, He is God, the faithful God who keeps covenant and mercy for a thousand generations with those who love Him and keep His commandments’” (NKJV).

The covenant is portrayed as an oath God has sworn to keep. These verses emphasize divine love as the catalyst for covenant making and the divine fidelity as the assurance of covenant keeping.

Furthermore, we observe God’s deliverance of Israel from Egypt as an act of covenantal faithfulness. As the Divine Redeemer, God liberates His people from the grip of Pharaoh, referred to as the “house of bondage”.

This narrative depicts divine deliverance as a powerful and tangible expression of God’s love and fealty. It is important to note:

  • God is portrayed as mightily powerful: the phrase ‘a mighty hand’ is symbolic of God’s power, authority, and superiority over other ‘gods’.
  • Egypt represents oppression: with Pharaoh personifying the face of this oppression. Therefore, God’s act of liberating Israel from the hands of Pharaoh was essentially an act of rescuing His people from suffering.

Lastly, verse 9 reassures believers of God’s faithfulness to those who love Him and obey His commandments. The promise is not just for the present generation but extends ‘for a thousand generations’, further accentuating the longevity and solidity of God’s covenant with His people.

It is a verse that confirms the reciprocality of the covenant – On one hand, God pledges his loyalty and mercy, and on the other, the people are expected to love Him and obey His commands.

This passage serves as a reminder of the covenant’s dual nature – it’s rooted in God’s love and yet calls for our love and faithful obedience in return.

Implications of Idolatry and Obedience Parameters in Deuteronomy 7:25-26

The passage from Deuteronomy 7:25-26 challenges believers to resist any form of idolatry and obediently follow God’s commands. It warns,

“You shall burn the carved images of their gods with fire; you shall not covet the silver or gold that is on them, nor take it for yourselves, lest you be snared by it; for it is an abomination to the LORD your God. Nor shall you bring an abomination into your house, lest you be doomed to destruction like it. You shall utterly detest it and utterly abhor it, for it is an accursed thing.” (NKJV).

As such, the scripture has serious implications on how we shape our Christian walk.

Firstly, these verses elucidate on the danger of idol worship. God calls us to shun worldly desires and anything that stands in place of Him in our lives. The mention of “carved images”, “silver or gold” is symbolic of the material desires that can easily ensnare us.

Our hearts should hold no longing for anything that could potentially take precedence over our affection for God. This can translate to various aspects of our modern life including money, status, or even relational ties that threaten to usurp God’s place in our lives.

Secondly, obedience to God is highlighted as an essential tenet of our faith walk. The harsh consequence of paving way for any sort of abomination into our lives, according to the text, is to be “doomed to destruction like it.”

Maintaining strict obedience to God’s prompts and commands serves two-fold: it not only assures our spiritual wellbeing, but also fortifies us against the lure of idolatry. As such, the passage effects an imperative call to analyze our lives and purge any elements that do not align with our primary love for God itself.

Reflections on the Theodicy and Divine Justice Presented in Deuteronomy 7

Deuteronomy 7 offers profound insights into theodicy and divine justice as it demonstrates God’s sovereignty and His unconventional way of choosing His people. The chapter begins with God commanding the Israelites to completely destroy the seven nations in the Promised Land (Dt 7:1-2).

This command seems harsh and rather alarming, distancing us from our modern understanding of justice.

However, one must understand that these seven nations practiced detestable acts that God abhorred, and His judgment upon them was a result of their sinful practices. In this context, divine justice is framed as a form of divine punishment where God maintains His holiness and unwavering standard of righteousness.

“You shall not abhor an Edomite, for he is your brother. You shall not abhor an Egyptian, because you were an alien in his land” (Dt 7:7) reflects the very essence of this thought.

In the core of the theodicy in Deuteronomy 7 is the concept of God’s election. It is fascinating to note that God did not choose Israel because they were more plentiful or powerful than other nations but precisely because they were fewer.

The Lord did not set His love on you nor choose you because you were more in number than any other people, for you were the least of all peoples” (Dt 7:7).

This points to the sovereignty and nobility of God in His divine judgments and choices, emphasizing that God’s election is not based on any external merit or worthiness but purely on His grace. This challenges us to reflect on our understanding of God’s justice and mercy, as He extends His grace to the undeserving.

Finally, through Deuteronomy 7, we can perceive the covenantal love and faithfulness of God. God keeps His covenant of love to a thousand generations of those who love Him and keep His commandments (Dt 7:9), underscoring His commitment and steadfast love toward His chosen people.

His actions, though harsh in their appearance, are driven by love and a yearning for justice.

This does not imply favoritism, but instead His impartiality. Regardless of their weaknesses, God elected Israel, not of their virtue, but because of His steadfast, covenant-keeping love. He is just yet merciful; He punishes the wicked and rewards the righteous, which presents a picture of balanced divine justice.

With this understanding, we can gain enriched insight into the character of God and His unparalleled scope of divine justice.


Wrapping up, the seventh chapter of Deuteronomy provides a potent manifesto about the intricate relationship between God and His chosen people (Deuteronomy 7:6, NKJV). It showcases God’s unyielding yet compassionate attitude towards those who stand upon His commandments.

The vigor of this chapter must spur our hearts to rigorously examine our fidelity to God’s statutes and promises.

To be sure, Deuteronomy 7 is an invitation to journey back to the roots of our faith, reminding us to maintain our spiritual and moral identity in the face of worldly temptations and challenges (Deuteronomy 7:9, NKJV).

As contemporary followers of Christ, we’re called upon to illuminate our world with the love, justice, and truth embodied in God’s covenantal relationships as laid out in this chapter.

As we continue navigating through the challenges of our present time, let us not forget the teaching of this chapter; showing us that absolute trust in God’s faithfulness keeps us resolute in faith, culminating in a life of profound peace and blessing (Deuteronomy 7:12-15, NKJV).

May our rumination on Deuteronomy 7 enable us to pen our life stories with chapters of trust, obedience, and unwavering faith in God. With the grace of the Holy Spirit, may we reflect this pure love that God has for us, not because of worldly merit, but simply because we are His (Deuteronomy 7:7-8, NKJV).

As the Apostle Paul eloquently stated, let us “not be conformed to this world, but be transformed by the renewing of [our] mind, that [we] may prove what is that good and acceptable and perfect will of God” (Romans 12:2, NKJV).

The reading and understanding of the Book of Deuteronomy, Chapter 7, certainly contributes to that transformative process, leading us towards an elevated, Christ-anchored existence.

May God’s Word become a lamp unto our feet and a light unto our path (Psalm 119:105, NKJV), imprinting on us the importance of adhering to God’s precepts as we journey through the complexities of life. For in our adherence, we find our true heritage and identity; in our faith, we find our true strength.

Pastor duke taber
Pastor Duke Taber

Pastor Duke Taber

All articles have been written or reviewed by Pastor Duke Taber.
Pastor Duke Taber is an alumnus of Life Pacific University and Multnomah Biblical Seminary.
He has been in pastoral ministry since 1988.
Today he is the owner and managing editor of 3 successful Christian websites that support missionaries around the world.
He is currently starting a brand new church in Mesquite NV called Mesquite Worship Center, a Non-Denominational Spirit Filled Christian church in Mesquite Nevada.