Commentary On Acts 5
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Commentary On Acts 5

The book of Acts, an account of the early Christian church’s birth and growth, brims with stories of faith, miracles, persecutions, and divine intervention. In particular, Acts 5 presents some of the most provocative incidents in the nascent church’s narrative.

This chapter intertwines themes of divine authority, discipleship, community living, power, and confrontation with religious and political structures. In this comprehensive commentary, we delve into these themes, unraveling their depth and relevance to our present Christian journey.

Acts 5 invites us to reflect on the dynamics of the early Christian community, on their experiences following Pentecost, and how they navigated the complex terrain of spreading the gospel amidst persecution.

Each narrative nugget in this chapter offers profound insights for contemporary Christians. Join us as we embark on this captivating exploration of Acts 5.

Key Takeaways from This Article:

  1. Enhanced understanding of Acts 5 and its context within the New Testament.
  2. In-depth analysis of key events in Acts 5, from the story of Ananias and Sapphira to the Apostles’ miraculous escape from prison.
  3. Reflection on how the principles and themes in Acts 5 can apply to our modern Christian journey.
  4. Comprehensive commentary on the theological implications of Acts 5 for understanding divine authority, discipleship, and community.
Commentary on acts 5

Ananias and Sapphira: A Cautionary Tale

Acts 5 opens with the sobering account of Ananias and Sapphira, a husband and wife who lied about the proceeds from a property they sold.

But a certain man named Ananias, with Sapphira his wife, sold a possession. And he kept back part of the proceeds, his wife also being aware of it, and brought a certain part and laid it at the apostles’ feet” (Acts 5:1-2, NKJV).

Their deception, a stark contrast to the communal sharing and generosity in the early church, led to a dramatic outcome.

This incident speaks volumes about integrity and honesty in the community of believers. Ananias and Sapphira’s actions were not so much about the amount they gave but the deceit they harbored. They had voluntarily chosen to sell their property and share the proceeds.

However, they decided to lie about the amount they received, implying they were giving all when they were not.

This story underscores the seriousness with which God views the heart’s purity. It wasn’t the act of holding back some money that led to their death, but the deception and dishonesty, the hypocrisy, in the context of a community built on trust and sincerity.

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This passage invites us to examine our hearts, ensuring we are honest and transparent in our dealings within our spiritual community.

The Apostles’ Healing Ministry: Manifestations of Divine Power

Acts 5:12-16 recounts the incredible healing ministry of the apostles, marked by signs, wonders, and numerous healings. “And through the hands of the apostles many signs and wonders were done among the people” (Acts 5:12, NKJV).

These miracles were not merely displays of power but were pivotal in confirming the apostles’ message about Jesus Christ.

The miracles that the apostles performed underlined the continuation of Jesus’ ministry through His followers.

They provided tangible evidence of the Kingdom of God breaking into the world, as Jesus had proclaimed during His earthly ministry. Notably, they bore witness to the resurrected Christ, affirming the apostles’ testimony about Him.

The passage speaks to the power of faith, the role of signs and wonders in the church, and God’s compassion towards the suffering. Miracles, signs, and wonders still have a place in the church today, and this passage invites us to expect and embrace God’s miraculous power in our own lives and communities.

Confrontation with the Sanhedrin: Standing Firm in Faith

The apostles’ increasing influence and the miracles they performed did not go unnoticed. They soon faced opposition from the religious authorities. “Then the high priest rose up, and all those who were with him (which is the sect of the Sadducees), and they were filled with indignation,” (Acts 5:17, NKJV).

This confrontation marks a pivotal moment in the church’s nascent stages.

Despite their arrest and the threats they faced, the apostles remained undeterred. Their faith, courage, and conviction provide an example for contemporary Christians facing opposition or persecution for their faith.

The apostles’ stand demonstrates their deep conviction in the gospel’s power, a power they believed was worth risking their lives for.

This confrontation with the Sanhedrin is a reminder that faith in Christ may lead to opposition, even persecution. The apostles’ experience calls modern believers to stand firm in their faith, embodying the courage and conviction necessary to bear witness to Christ in an often hostile world.

Divine Intervention: The Angelic Prison Break

Acts 5 takes an exciting turn when an angel of the Lord intervenes, setting the apostles free from prison. “But at night an angel of the Lord opened the prison doors and brought them out, and said, ‘Go, stand in the temple and speak to the people all the words of this life‘” (Acts 5:19-20, NKJV).

This dramatic episode reinforces the theme of divine intervention and authority.

The angel’s directive to the apostles to continue preaching underscores God’s commitment to spreading the gospel message, defying human authority that sought to suppress it. The angelic intervention serves as a powerful reminder that God’s purposes cannot be thwarted by human efforts or opposition.

The message for modern believers is that when faced with opposition or challenges in spreading the gospel, we can trust in God’s providence and His power to intervene. Just as God acted in the lives of the apostles, He continues to act in our lives today, supporting us in our mission to share His Word.

Undeterred Testimony: The Apostles Before the Sanhedrin

After their miraculous escape, the apostles find themselves once again before the Sanhedrin, defending their faith.

And when they had brought them, they set them before the council. And the high priest asked them, saying, ‘Did we not strictly command you not to teach in this name? And look, you have filled Jerusalem with your doctrine, and intend to bring this Man’s blood on us!‘” (Acts 5:27-28, NKJV).

The apostles’ response provides an eloquent testament to their courage and conviction.

The apostles’ bold reply, “We ought to obey God rather than men” (Acts 5:29, NKJV), highlights their unwavering commitment to the gospel message. Despite the threats and opposition, they prioritized obedience to God over compliance with religious authorities.

Their audacious stand serves as a model for believers when faced with the choice of compromising our faith or standing up for the gospel.

The apostles’ response serves as a reminder that our ultimate allegiance is to God and His commands, even when they conflict with societal norms or expectations. Their fearless proclamation of the gospel challenges us as contemporary Christians to be bold and unyielding in our testimony about Christ.

Gamaliel’s Counsel: A Voice of Reason

Acts 5 introduces us to Gamaliel, a respected Pharisee and member of the Sanhedrin, whose voice of reason tempers the council’s anger.

And now I say to you, keep away from these men and let them alone; for if this plan or this work is of men, it will come to nothing; but if it is of God, you cannot overthrow it—lest you even be found to fight against God” (Acts 5:38-39, NKJV).

His counsel introduces a rational perspective amidst the high tension.

Gamaliel’s wisdom in this situation was evident. He underscored the futility of resisting a divine initiative and cautioned against the risk of opposing God. His approach offers a practical principle for contemporary Christians: discernment in our response to new movements or ideas, both within and outside the church.

Gamaliel’s counsel invites us to exercise wisdom and discernment in our interactions with others, especially when it involves the gospel’s proclamation. His prudent advice encourages us to be patient and discerning, acknowledging that if a work is from God, no human effort can thwart it.

Rejoicing in Suffering: A Mark of True Discipleship

The apostles’ response to their encounter with the Sanhedrin is perhaps one of the most remarkable elements of Acts 5. “And they departed from the presence of the council, rejoicing that they were counted worthy to suffer shame for His name” (Acts 5:41, NKJV).

This response is a profound demonstration of discipleship.

Rejoicing in suffering is counterintuitive from a human perspective. However, the apostles saw their suffering as a mark of honor, a privilege of participating in Christ’s sufferings.

Their reaction underlines a crucial principle for modern believers – our suffering for Christ’s sake is not a penalty but a badge of honor, a testament to our allegiance to Him.

This passage invites us to consider our attitude towards suffering and persecution for our faith. It challenges us to see such experiences not as burdens but as opportunities to demonstrate our commitment to Christ and share in His sufferings.

Unceasing Proclamation: The Call to Persevere

Despite the threats, imprisonments, and beatings, the apostles did not relent in their mission. “And daily in the temple, and in every house, they did not cease teaching and preaching Jesus as the Christ” (Acts 5:42, NKJV). Their unyielding dedication embodies the call to persevere in proclaiming the gospel.

The apostles’ perseverance serves as an inspiration for all believers. Their determination underlines the importance of persisting in our mission, regardless of the obstacles or opposition we face. It’s a reminder that our task of sharing the gospel should not be deterred by challenges or unfavorable circumstances.

In our current context, this call to perseverance is particularly relevant. It challenges us to remain steadfast in our commitment to spread the gospel, irrespective of the difficulties we may encounter.


Acts 5 provides us with profound insights into the early Christian community’s dynamics, their engagement with the wider society, and their resilience in the face of opposition.

The incidents recorded in this chapter, from the account of Ananias and Sapphira to the apostles’ confrontations with the Sanhedrin, offer timeless lessons for believers today.

In reviewing Acts 5, we are challenged to examine our commitment to integrity, our openness to God’s miraculous power, our courage in the face of opposition, and our attitude toward suffering for Christ’s sake. Moreover, we are reminded of the need for discernment, wisdom, and unyielding dedication in our Christian journey.

Ultimately, Acts 5 calls us to a robust and resilient faith, one that is grounded in obedience to God rather than compliance with human authorities. It beckons us to a discipleship that rejoices in suffering, perseveres in proclamation, and above all, acknowledges and surrenders to the supreme authority of God.

As we embrace these lessons, we become more effective witnesses of Christ in our world, bearing testimony to His life-transforming power.

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Pastor duke taber
Pastor Duke Taber

Pastor Duke Taber

All articles have been written or reviewed by Pastor Duke Taber.
Pastor Duke Taber is an alumnus of Life Pacific University and Multnomah Biblical Seminary.
He has been in pastoral ministry since 1988.
Today he is the owner and managing editor of 3 successful Christian websites that support missionaries around the world.
He is currently starting a brand new church in Mesquite NV called Mesquite Worship Center, a Non-Denominational Spirit Filled Christian church in Mesquite Nevada.