Commentary on Acts 10
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Commentary on Acts 10

Acts 10 is a landmark chapter in the Book of Acts, an extraordinary turning point that altered the course of Christian history. This scripture recounts the remarkable story of Cornelius, a Gentile, and Peter, a Jewish apostle, and their divine encounter that led to the acceptance of Gentiles into the Christian faith.

This momentous event unfolds essential truths about God’s love and inclusivity, offering profound insights for our faith journey today.

The narrative of Acts 10 is a story of divine intervention, an instance where the sovereignty of God and the obedience of His servants converge to effect an unprecedented shift in the early Church.

This commentary seeks to delve into this remarkable chapter, extracting deep insights and wisdom from the meeting between Cornelius and Peter. Journey with us as we explore the implications of this crucial chapter and uncover the timeless lessons it holds for our modern Christian life.

Key Takeaways from This Article:

  1. An in-depth understanding of Acts 10 and its context in the New Testament.
  2. Insight into the transformative story of Cornelius and Peter.
  3. Revelation of God’s inclusivity and acceptance of all people.
  4. Lessons on obedience and the power of divine vision.
Commentary on acts 10

Cornelius: A Gentile with a Heart for God

Acts 10 begins by introducing us to Cornelius, a Roman centurion described as a devout man who feared God. Cornelius was a Gentile, meaning he was outside the covenant community of Israel. Yet, his life was marked by reverence for God and acts of generosity towards the people.

Cornelius’ life challenges the religious stereotypes that often mark our faith. Despite his Gentile background, Cornelius displayed qualities that were pleasing to God.

His devotion and fear of God were genuine, showing us that our relationship with God isn’t solely defined by our religious affiliations but by our heart’s posture towards Him.

This introduction of Cornelius sets the stage for the rest of the chapter. It begins to unveil the central theme of God’s acceptance of people from every nation who fear Him and do what is right, echoing the words of Peter later in the chapter (Acts 10:34-35, NKJV).

The Vision of Cornelius: An Angelic Encounter

The story progresses with Cornelius having a vision in which an angel of God appears to him. The angel acknowledges Cornelius’ prayers and alms as a memorial before God, instructing him to send men to Joppa to fetch Peter. This supernatural encounter highlights several key lessons for us.

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Firstly, it reveals that God hears our prayers and sees our acts of charity. Cornelius’ prayers and alms were described as a “memorial” before God, suggesting that they were not overlooked but remembered by Him. This encourages us to persist in our prayers and acts of kindness, assured that they are seen by God.

Secondly, the angel’s instruction to Cornelius to send for Peter reveals the divine orchestration of events in our lives. God was preparing both Cornelius and Peter for a significant encounter that would change the course of their lives and the early Church.

It reminds us that God is the Master planner, orchestrating events in our lives for His divine purposes.

Peter’s Vision: A Lesson in Divine Inclusion

While Cornelius’ men were on their way to Joppa, Peter also had a vision. He saw a sheet descending from heaven, filled with all kinds of animals.

A voice told him to kill and eat, but Peter protested because the animals were considered unclean according to Jewish law. The voice responded, “What God has cleansed you must not call common” (Acts 10:15, NKJV).

Peter’s vision challenged the Jewish laws he had adhered to all his life. It was a symbolic message, indicating a shift from the old covenant restrictions to the inclusivity of the new covenant. God was preparing Peter to understand that His grace and salvation extended beyond the Jews to the Gentiles.

This vision of Peter teaches us to be open to the radical ways God might challenge our religious traditions and prejudices. God’s ways are not confined to our religious boxes. His love and grace extend far beyond our boundaries, encompassing people from all walks of life.

Peter Meets Cornelius: A Divine Appointment

Peter traveled with Cornelius’ servants to Caesarea, where he met Cornelius and his household. Cornelius fell at Peter’s feet in reverence, but Peter lifted him up, stating, “Stand up; I myself am also a man” (Acts 10:26, NKJV). This interaction signifies the equality in God’s kingdom, where no one is superior to another.

Cornelius’ reverence for Peter indicates his hunger for divine truth, while Peter’s response shows humility and an understanding of his status – an apostle, yes, but also a man. This scene reminds us that God’s kingdom is characterized by humility and equality.

Our roles and titles do not make us superior to others, but we are all equal before God, and we should treat each other with the same respect and dignity.

In this divine appointment, Peter and Cornelius display attitudes that are pleasing to God – humility, respect, and openness to His will. These attitudes facilitated the remarkable event that would soon take place, reminding us to cultivate the same attitudes in our walk with God.

Peter’s Sermon: The Gospel for All

Peter began to share the gospel with Cornelius and his household, starting from Jesusbaptism by John to His resurrection and appearances. He stated that Jesus commanded the disciples to preach and testify that He is the one ordained by God as judge of the living and the dead.

In this sermon, Peter also affirmed the universality of the gospel: “In truth, I perceive that God shows no partiality. But in every nation whoever fears Him and works righteousness is accepted by Him” (Acts 10:34-35, NKJV).

Peter’s sermon underlines the global reach of the gospel, affirming that salvation through Christ is available to all, regardless of nationality or social status.

This powerful declaration carries a significant message for us today, reminding us that the gospel isn’t exclusive to a certain group of people. It’s good news for all humanity. As followers of Christ, we are commissioned to share this universal gospel, inviting others into the inclusive love and grace of God.

The Holy Spirit Falls on the Gentiles

As Peter was still speaking, the Holy Spirit fell on all who heard the word. The Jewish believers who came with Peter were astonished that the Holy Spirit was poured out even on the Gentiles. This event confirmed that God had indeed accepted the Gentiles into His covenant community.

The outpouring of the Holy Spirit upon the Gentiles was a divine endorsement of the message Peter had just shared. It underscored the truth that God does not show favoritism but accepts all who fear Him and do what is right.

This was a pivotal moment in the early Church, marking the inclusivity of the gospel and setting the stage for the worldwide spread of Christianity.

This momentous event holds a potent lesson for us today: the Holy Spirit is God’s gift to all believers, regardless of their background or status. As modern believers, we can take confidence in the Holy Spirit’s indwelling presence, knowing that He empowers us for service in God’s kingdom.

Peter Defends God’s Inclusion of the Gentiles

After the Holy Spirit fell on the Gentiles, Peter posed a rhetorical question, “Can anyone forbid water, that these should not be baptized who have received the Holy Spirit just as we have?” (Acts 10:47, NKJV).

Then, he ordered them to be baptized in the name of the Lord. This marked the official acceptance of Gentiles into the community of believers.

Peter’s defense signifies the recognition of God’s grace towards the Gentiles, affirming the inclusivity of God’s salvation. The baptism of Cornelius and his household served as a powerful demonstration of the Church’s new reality: the wall of division between Jews and Gentiles had been demolished in Christ.

In a world where divisions and exclusivity still persist, Peter’s bold defense of God’s inclusive grace challenges us as believers to champion unity and equality.

It invites us to celebrate the diversity of God’s kingdom, reminding us that in Christ, there is no Jew or Gentile, slave or free, male or female – we are all one (Galatians 3:28).

The Impact of Acts 10: A New Paradigm

The events of Acts 10 significantly impacted the early Church, leading to a new paradigm where Gentiles were accepted and included in God’s covenant community. This chapter signals a monumental shift, marking the expansion of the gospel beyond the borders of Judaism.

For modern believers, Acts 10 serves as a powerful reminder of God’s inclusive love and grace. It reaffirms the universality of the gospel, challenging us to transcend cultural, racial, and social barriers in our mission to spread the gospel.

It compels us to recognize and celebrate the diversity of God’s kingdom, fostering unity and equality among believers.


Acts 10 is a remarkable chapter that unveils the mystery of God’s inclusive love. The story of Cornelius and Peter challenges us to transcend our prejudices and welcome all people into God’s family. It compels us to see others through God’s eyes, recognizing that His grace extends to all who fear Him and do what is right.

The lessons from Acts 10 are more relevant today than ever before. As we navigate a world marked by division and exclusion, this chapter beckons us to champion the inclusivity of the gospel.

It invites us to spread God’s love to all, regardless of their race, status, or background, reminding us of the beauty and diversity of God’s kingdom.

Indeed, Acts 10 isn’t just an historical narrative; it’s a guiding light for us today. It’s a call to embrace God’s inclusive love and to reflect this love in our interactions with others.

As we journey through this life, may we always carry the lessons from Acts 10 in our hearts, becoming ambassadors of God’s inclusive love and grace in our world.

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Pastor duke taber
Pastor Duke Taber

Pastor Duke Taber

All articles have been written or reviewed by Pastor Duke Taber.
Pastor Duke Taber is an alumnus of Life Pacific University and Multnomah Biblical Seminary.
He has been in pastoral ministry since 1988.
Today he is the owner and managing editor of 3 successful Christian websites that support missionaries around the world.
He is currently starting a brand new church in Mesquite NV called Mesquite Worship Center, a Non-Denominational Spirit Filled Christian church in Mesquite Nevada.