Commentary On 1 John 4
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Commentary On 1 John 4

Few passages in the Bible so beautifully encapsulate the essence of Christian faith as 1 John 4. This chapter provides profound insights on love and truth, two key pillars that define our relationship with God and fellow human beings.

In this comprehensive commentary, we delve into the rich teachings of 1 John 4, unpacking the spiritual treasures contained in this significant text.

1 John 4 teaches us about God’s love, our response to it, and the need for discernment in spiritual matters. Understanding these key themes deepens our walk with God, challenging us to live authentically and love unconditionally.

Together, let’s explore this profound biblical passage and glean valuable insights for our spiritual journey.

Key Takeaways from This Article:

  1. An in-depth understanding of 1 John 4 and its context in the Bible.
  2. Insight into the nature of God’s love and our response to it.
  3. Guidance on exercising discernment in spiritual matters.
  4. Deeper appreciation for the interconnectedness of love, truth, and faith.
Commentary on 1 john 4

Discerning the Spirit: Test All Things

1 John 4 begins with a vital call for discernment: “Beloved, do not believe every spirit, but test the spirits, whether they are of God; because many false prophets have gone out into the world” (1 John 4:1, NKJV).

This admonition is crucial in our spiritual journey, calling us to scrutinize the messages we receive and ensure they align with God’s Word.

In a world filled with varying voices and doctrines, the need for discernment cannot be overemphasized. We are not to naively accept every message presented in the name of spirituality. Instead, we should scrutinize these messages in light of Scripture, confirming their truthfulness and consistency with the gospel.

This discernment isn’t borne out of skepticism but a desire for truth. It serves as a protective shield, guarding us from spiritual deception and falsehood. As believers, we are custodians of the truth, called to uphold it uncompromisingly. In an age of increasing spiritual pluralism, this call to discernment is of utmost relevance.

God’s Spirit: The Spirit of Truth

The text proceeds to provide a criterion for discerning the Spirit of God. “By this you know the Spirit of God: Every spirit that confesses that Jesus Christ has come in the flesh is of God, and every spirit that does not confess that Jesus Christ has come in the flesh is not of God” (1 John 4:2-3, NKJV).

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This standard is rooted in Christology, the understanding of Jesus Christ.

The confession that Jesus Christ has come in the flesh is fundamental to Christian faith. It affirms the incarnation – God becoming man in the person of Jesus Christ.

Any teaching that denies this central truth is contrary to the Spirit of God. This criterion serves as a litmus test, helping us discern the truth amid myriad spiritual messages.

This focus on Christology underscores the centrality of Christ in our faith. Our understanding of Jesus – His person and work – shapes our Christian belief and practice. By adhering to the biblical revelation of Jesus, we safeguard our faith from erroneous doctrines, keeping it anchored in truth.

Overcoming the World: The Victory of Faith

John encourages his readers, reminding them of their victory over false prophets and the spirit of the antichrist. “You are of God, little children, and have overcome them, because He who is in you is greater than he who is in the world” (1 John 4:4, NKJV). This assurance is both comforting and empowering.

We are not helpless in the face of falsehood or spiritual opposition. As believers, we possess the Spirit of God who empowers us to discern truth and overcome falsehood. This spiritual victory is anchored in God’s greatness – He who resides in us is greater than any opposing force in the world.

This assurance fuels our confidence in navigating our spiritual journey. We are not left to our own devices; the Spirit of God guides and empowers us. In an often challenging spiritual landscape, this reminder of our victory in Christ is both timely and reassuring.

The Spirit of Love: God’s Love in Us

Moving deeper into 1 John 4, we encounter one of the most profound truths of Christian faith – God is love. “Beloved, let us love one another, for love is of God; and everyone who loves is born of God and knows God.

He who does not love does not know God, for God is love” (1 John 4:7-8, NKJV). These verses highlight the inseparable link between God, love, and the believer.

As believers, we are born of God, and since God is love, His nature becomes intrinsic to our new spiritual identity. Our capacity to love – truly and unconditionally – stems from this divine nature within us. The love we express is not humanly manufactured; it is the overflow of God’s love in us.

This divine love is the litmus test of our relationship with God. Our ability to love others unconditionally, as God does, reveals our intimate knowledge of Him. In a world where love is often conditional and self-serving, this divine love stands out, reflecting the heart of God to those around us.

The Manifestation of Love: God’s Love Made Visible

In verses 9 and 10, John speaks of God’s love manifest in the sending of His Son.

In this the love of God was manifested toward us, that God has sent His only begotten Son into the world, that we might live through Him. In this is love, not that we loved God, but that He loved us and sent His Son to be the propitiation for our sins” (1 John 4:9-10, NKJV).

These verses provide us with a clear picture of God’s love – sacrificial, proactive, and life-giving.

God’s love is not a vague concept; it is concrete and tangible, demonstrated in the incarnation, life, death, and resurrection of Jesus Christ. This love is sacrificial, marked by the giving of His only begotten Son. It is proactive, not waiting for us to love Him first. And it is life-giving, enabling us to live through Christ.

Understanding this manifestation of God’s love revolutionizes our perspective on love. It challenges us to love others not based on their response or worthiness but based on the example set by God. As recipients of such extraordinary love, we are equipped and compelled to extend it to others.

The Response to Love: Love One Another

John then presents an unequivocal call to action in verse 11: “Beloved, if God so loved us, we also ought to love one another” (1 John 4:11, NKJV). Our understanding and experience of God’s love naturally lead to a response – to love others as God has loved us.

Our call to love others is not optional or selective; it is as broad and inclusive as God’s love for us. We are not merely receivers of God’s love; we are conduits of it, called to channel His love to those around us. This love transcends barriers, reaching out to every person, regardless of their status, ethnicity, or behavior.

This call to love others challenges us to step out of our comfort zones, extending kindness, compassion, and forgiveness, even when it’s difficult. It is in doing so that we truly reflect God’s love and make Him known to the world around us.

Perfect Love: Love That Casts Out Fear

In verse 18, John presents a paradoxical relationship between love and fear. “There is no fear in love; but perfect love casts out fear, because fear involves torment. But he who fears has not been made perfect in love” (1 John 4:18, NKJV). This profound statement reveals the transformative power of God’s perfect love.

Fear is often a product of uncertainty, insecurity, and perceived threat. But in the face of God’s perfect love, fear finds no place. This love reassures us of God’s care, presence, and power, dispelling every fear. As we grow in our understanding and experience of God’s love, fear loses its grip on us.

Living without fear does not mean living without challenges or threats. It means living with the consciousness of God’s love, a love so profound that it overpowers every fear. As believers, we are called to live in this reality, experiencing and manifesting God’s perfect love that casts out all fear.

The Evidence of Love: Loving God and One Another

John concludes the chapter by summarizing its key message in verses 20 and 21:

If someone says, ‘I love God,’ and hates his brother, he is a liar; for he who does not love his brother whom he has seen, how can he love God whom he has not seen? And this commandment we have from Him: that he who loves God must love his brother also” (1 John 4:20-21, NKJV).

Love for God and love for others are inseparable.

Our love for God is not a private, mystical experience. It is practical, tangible, and visible in our love for others.

Love for God and love for others are two sides of the same coin, intertwined in such a way that one cannot exist without the other. This interconnectedness challenges us to evaluate our love for God by our love for others.

This profound connection between loving God and loving others is foundational to our faith. It challenges us to move beyond mere declarations of love for God to practical demonstrations of love to those around us. As we do so, we prove the authenticity of our love for God.


1 John 4 is a powerful exploration of the nature and implications of God’s love. It calls us to experience this love personally, to express it unconditionally to others, and to exercise discernment in a world filled with conflicting spiritual messages.

Through this exploration, we discover that God’s love is more than a mere concept; it’s a transformative reality that shapes our identity, behavior, and relationships. As we journey through life, may we continually experience this love, embody it in our interactions, and express it to those around us.

Indeed, 1 John 4 beckons us to live out our faith in love and truth, reflecting the very nature of God. As we embrace this call, we transform not only our personal lives but also our families, communities, and ultimately, our world. This is the high calling of 1 John 4 – to live and love as God does.

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Pastor duke taber
Pastor Duke Taber

Pastor Duke Taber

All articles have been written or reviewed by Pastor Duke Taber.
Pastor Duke Taber is an alumnus of Life Pacific University and Multnomah Biblical Seminary.
He has been in pastoral ministry since 1988.
Today he is the owner and managing editor of 3 successful Christian websites that support missionaries around the world.
He is currently starting a brand new church in Mesquite NV called Mesquite Worship Center, a Non-Denominational Spirit Filled Christian church in Mesquite Nevada.