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Commentary On Matthew 19
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Commentary On Matthew 19

The profundity of Jesus’ teachings continues to echo through the ages, delivering timeless truths that inspire, challenge, and transform lives. Matthew 19 presents a blend of these teachings, ranging from the sanctity of marriage to the essence of true discipleship.

This chapter serves as a crucial juncture in Jesus’ ministry, exposing the profound wisdom that He used to address controversial societal issues and deep spiritual questions.

Each verse of Matthew 19 provides us with valuable insights, shaping our understanding of Christian faith and practice. As we delve into this chapter, we are challenged to examine our perspectives and align our lives more closely with the principles Jesus taught.

Let’s journey together through this profound passage, extracting insights and applying them to our Christian walk.

Key Takeaways from This Article:

  1. An in-depth understanding of the teachings in Matthew 19.
  2. Insights into Jesus’ views on marriage, divorce, wealth, and discipleship.
  3. A broadened perspective on Christian faith and principles.
  4. Reflections on how to apply these teachings in our personal lives.
Commentary on matthew 19

Marriage and Divorce: Jesus’ Perspective

Matthew 19 begins with a question from the Pharisees concerning divorce, which provides an opportunity for Jesus to expound on the sanctity of marriage.

Have you not read that He who made them at the beginning ‘made them male and female’ and said, ‘For this reason a man shall leave his father and mother and be joined to his wife, and the two shall become one flesh’” (Matthew 19:4-5, NKJV).

Jesus goes back to the original design of God in creation, underlining the divine intent for marriage to be an indissoluble union. Marriage, from Jesus’ perspective, is a divine institution, not merely a human contract. It embodies unity, commitment, and sacred covenant, going far beyond legal and societal norms.

However, in response to the Pharisees’ inquiry about Moses’ permission for divorce, Jesus clarifies, “Moses, because of the hardness of your hearts, permitted you to divorce your wives, but from the beginning it was not so” (Matthew 19:8, NKJV).

This statement reveals that divorce was a concession to human sinfulness, not God’s original design.

This passage reminds us of the sacredness of marriage and challenges us to honor this divine institution. It provokes reflection on our attitudes towards marriage and divorce, urging us to align our practices with God’s original design.

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Embracing the Kingdom as Little Children

Jesus’ interaction with the little children in Matthew 19:13-15 underscores an essential characteristic of kingdom citizens: childlikeness. “Assuredly, I say to you, unless you are converted and become as little children, you will by no means enter the kingdom of heaven” (Matthew 19:3, NKJV).

This statement challenges prevalent notions of greatness, urging a return to the humble, dependent, and trusting nature of children. Jesus emphasizes the need for spiritual conversion that fosters a childlike spirit, embracing God’s kingdom with simplicity and trust.

These verses resonate powerfully today, challenging our often complex, self-reliant approach to spirituality. Jesus reminds us to embrace His kingdom with the humility, trust, and openness of a child.

This call to childlikeness invites us to let go of our self-sufficiency, welcoming the kingdom of God with a humble and trusting heart.

The Rich Young Ruler: A Lesson in Discipleship

The account of the rich young ruler in Matthew 19:16-22 underscores the cost of discipleship. Here, a young man approaches Jesus with the question, “Good Teacher, what good thing shall I do that I may have eternal life?” (Matthew 19:16, NKJV).

Jesus’ response challenges the young man’s understanding of goodness and his pursuit of eternal life.

While the young man had faithfully followed the commandments, he lacked one thing: detachment from earthly riches. Jesus said to him, “If you want to be perfect, go, sell what you have and give to the poor, and you will have treasure in heaven; and come, follow Me” (Matthew 19:21, NKJV).

This statement shocked the young man, revealing his attachment to his wealth.

Through this interaction, Jesus highlights the essence of true discipleship, which requires complete surrender and self-denial. He teaches us that following Him may involve letting go of our comfort and security, emphasizing the need for detachment from earthly treasures.

Discipleship and Reward: A Promise of Inheritance

In the aftermath of the encounter with the rich young ruler, Peter asked Jesus, “See, we have left all and followed You. Therefore, what shall we have?” (Matthew 19:27, NKJV). His question reflects a common human concern: What do we gain from following Jesus?

In response, Jesus assured his disciples, “And everyone who has left houses or brothers or sisters or father or mother or children or lands, for My name’s sake, shall receive a hundredfold, and inherit eternal life” (Matthew 19:29, NKJV).

Here, Jesus promises a reward far greater than any earthly possession or relationship for those who follow Him.

This passage underscores the eternal perspective we should adopt as believers. While following Jesus might entail sacrifices in the present, it promises a future reward beyond comparison. This truth reassures us, especially in moments of doubt or when the cost of discipleship seems high.

The Parable of the Workers in the Vineyard: A Perspective on Grace

Matthew 19:30 introduces a key theme that is later developed in the parable of the workers in the vineyard in the next chapter: “But many who are first will be last, and the last first” (Matthew 19:30, NKJV).

Jesus uses this parable to illustrate the nature of God’s grace, showing that it does not operate on human standards of fairness. The workers who labored all day received the same wage as those who worked for only an hour.

This story highlights the generous, grace-filled nature of God’s kingdom, where everyone receives not according to their merit, but according to God’s grace.

As we reflect on this parable, we are reminded of the boundless grace of God that extends to us all, regardless of when or how we come to Him. It also challenges our perspectives on fairness, pushing us to embrace a grace-filled approach in our interactions with others.

Jesus Predicts His Death and Resurrection

In the final verses of Matthew 19, Jesus predicts His death and resurrection for the third time, offering His disciples a glimpse into the profound sacrifice He was about to make. This revelation underscores the pivotal role of His impending death and resurrection in the redemption of humanity.

Despite the gravity of His announcement, His disciples struggled to comprehend its significance. It is a reminder to us today of the enormous sacrifice Jesus made on our behalf, highlighting the depths of His love and commitment to our redemption.

Reflecting on this passage, we gain a deeper appreciation of the sacrifice Jesus made for us. It challenges us to live lives worthy of this sacrifice, continually expressing our gratitude for His redemptive work.

The Request of the Mother of Zebedee’s Sons

The request of the mother of James and John in Matthew 19:20-28 underscores the misconceptions that even Jesus’ closest followers had about the nature of His kingdom. She asked, “Grant that these two sons of mine may sit, one on Your right hand and the other on the left, in Your kingdom” (Matthew 19:21, NKJV).

Jesus responded by emphasizing the cost associated with such a position. The places of honor in His kingdom are not granted based on favoritism or ambition, but on the willingness to drink the cup of suffering He would drink. It is a call to servant leadership, aligning with His earlier teaching that the last would be first.

This passage challenges us to reconsider our ambitions and motivations in our Christian journey. It urges us to pursue a path of sacrificial service, realizing that greatness in God’s kingdom is not about power or prestige, but about humility and service.

The Healing of the Two Blind Men

The healing of the two blind men near Jericho (Matthew 20:29-34) is the final miracle recorded in Matthew 19. Their cry for mercy moved Jesus to compassion, leading Him to restore their sight. This miracle not only demonstrates Jesus’ power and compassion but also the blind men’s faith in His ability to heal them.

Their faith expressed in their cry, “Lord, Son of David, have mercy on us!” (Matthew 20:30, NKJV), acknowledges Jesus as the promised Messiah. It highlights the importance of faith in receiving from Jesus, as He often responded to those who put their trust in Him.

The miracle of the two blind men invites us to come to Jesus with confident faith, assured that He hears our cries and is able to meet our needs. It reminds us of His compassion and power, urging us to trust Him for our healing and deliverance.

Conclusion

Matthew 19 serves as a comprehensive guide to several critical aspects of Christian faith and practice. It addresses the sanctity of marriage, the essence of discipleship, the nature of God’s kingdom, and the power of faith, presenting a challenging and transformative message to its readers.

As we apply these teachings to our lives, we are molded into the likeness of Christ, demonstrating the values of His kingdom. The teachings are not meant to remain abstract concepts but are to be lived out in our daily lives, influencing our decisions and actions.

Indeed, the message of Matthew 19 is a call to a deeper, more authentic Christian walk. As we journey through this chapter, let’s allow its truths to transform our hearts and minds, leading us closer to the heart of God and His kingdom purposes.

As we do this, we become better disciples of Christ, equipped to impact our world with His love and truth.

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Pastor duke taber
Pastor Duke Taber

Pastor Duke Taber

All articles have been written or reviewed by Pastor Duke Taber.
Pastor Duke Taber is an alumnus of Life Pacific University and Multnomah Biblical Seminary.
He has been in pastoral ministry since 1988.
Today he is the owner and managing editor of 3 successful Christian websites that support missionaries around the world.
He is currently starting a brand new church in Mesquite NV called Mesquite Worship Center, a Non-Denominational Spirit Filled Christian church in Mesquite Nevada.