Methods of Reading the Bible
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Methods of Reading the Bible

As Christians, the Bible is essential to our faith and relationship with God. However, with 66 books written over thousands of years by dozens of authors, it can be overwhelming to know where to start and how to read the Bible in a meaningful way. In this post, we’ll explore different methods and techniques for reading the Bible so you can better understand God’s Word.


The Bible says “All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness” (2 Timothy 3:16, KJV). As the inspired Word of God, the Bible equips us for every good work (2 Timothy 3:17). However, simply owning a Bible is not enough – we need to open it, read it, study it, memorize it, meditate on it, and apply it.

There are many different techniques and strategies for reading and studying the Bible. Which method you choose will depend on your goals, circumstances, and learning style. As you read God’s Word, ask the Holy Spirit to illuminate your understanding and transform your heart and mind. Be patient with yourself as you develop Bible reading habits and skills over time.

Here are some key things to remember:

  • Pray before you read, asking God to speak to you.
  • Make Bible reading a daily habit, setting aside regular time.
  • Read for understanding, taking time to meditate and reflect.
  • Study passages in context, relating them to the chapter and book.
  • Use Bible study tools like commentaries and dictionaries to go deeper.
  • Seek to apply what you read, obeying and sharing with others.

With practice and God’s help, you can become skilled at reading, interpreting, and applying the Bible for spiritual growth and kingdom impact. Let’s explore some specific methods of Bible reading.

Methods of reading the bible

Read Straight Through Cover to Cover

One way to read the Bible is starting at Genesis and reading straight through to Revelation, cover to cover. This allows you to see the overarching narrative of Scripture as God’s redemptive plan unfolds. Here are some tips for reading through the Bible chronologically:

  • Follow a plan or schedule to read certain sections each day or week. Breaking it down helps ensure you actually cover the whole Bible.
  • Use a Bible translation you understand easily. Reading an entire book is difficult enough without struggling over archaic language.
  • Take notes on themes, key verses, meaningful passages. Recording your thoughts cements learning and gives you a reference.
  • Read patiently even when some parts are repetitive or seem dry. Remember every verse is “inspired by God.”
  • Re-read favorite passages as needed for encouragement. God’s Word has infinite layers; familiar verses yield new insights.
  • Stay consistent and stick with your reading plan. Life gets busy, so be determined to keep engaging Scripture daily.
  • Celebrate as you finish! Completing the Bible cover to cover is a major accomplishment worthy of celebration.

Reading through the entire Bible equips you with broad biblical knowledge and a grasp of how God has worked over history. It also helps you see connections between the Old and New Testaments.

Use a Devotional Bible Plan

Devotional Bible plans take the daily reading schedule approach but focus on specific topics, themes, or ways of interacting with Scripture. Here are some popular types of devotional plans:

  • Discipleship plans take you through key passages about following Jesus. For example, reading the Book of John.
  • Topic/theme plans focus on subjects like prayer, leadership, or prophecy. You skip around, reading relevant passages.
  • 5-day plans are manageable blocks ideal for busy schedules. You read just 1-3 chapters a day.
  • Historical plans take you through Scripture in chronological order, interweaving historical books.
  • Memory plans select impactful verses to commit to memory, usually 50-100 over a year.

Tips for using a devotional reading plan include:

  • Use the Bible app or print a plan so you know the day’s assigned reading.
  • Take it at your own pace; don’t feel pressured to follow perfectly. Adapt as needed.
  • Reread passages that stand out to dig deeper into meaning and application.
  • Supplement with study resources like commentaries for difficult texts.
  • Stick with it to gain spiritual nourishment over time. Missing days is normal; just get back on track.

Devotional plans help you prioritize depth and encounter God personally through His Word. Bible reading becomes a rich source of daily strength and direction.

Study a Single Book in Depth

Reading an entire book of the Bible in one sitting gets you the big picture context. This approach is sometimes called book survey. Here are suggestions for surveying a book deeply:

  • Read it in 1-3 sittings to grasp the overall content flow. Take notes on themes and key points.
  • Use study bibles and commentaries to understand the context and background.
  • Identify the literary style – historical narrative, law, poetry, prophecy, wisdom, etc. Recognize figures of speech.
  • Look for chiastic structure – passage order that forms a symmetrical A-B-C-B-A pattern. This highlights main ideas.
  • Note theological significance – how the book contributes to biblical theology on topics like salvation, ethics, and the end times.
  • Pay attention to structure – how the author organized content for emphasis and impact.
  • Observe repetition of words, phrases, or ideas which often indicates importance.
  • Identify the author’s purpose – to teach, encourage, correct error, give prophecy, etc.
  • Summarize key principles you can apply personally from the book.

Studying a book deeply equips you to understand it as a whole before digging into chapter by chapter analysis. Grasping context and purpose enriches Bible reading.

Practice Lectio Divina Reflection

Lectio Divina is a contemplative approach to Scripture reading that dates back to early Christian monastic communities. It treats passages as a personal message from God to be experienced through reflective meditation. Try these steps:

  1. Lectio – Read. Slowly read the passage 1-3 times out loud listening carefully to each word.
  2. Meditatio – Meditate. Reflect deeply on the passage. What words or phrases stand out to you? What is God saying to you personally?
  3. Oratio – Pray. Pray the passage back to God. Highlight key verses in your prayer. Ask God to speak to you and transform you.
  4. Contemplatio – Contemplate. Rest silently in God’s presence, allowing Him to renew your mind and heart. Thank Him for the gift of His Word.
  5. Incarnatio – Live. Make concrete plans to live out the passage. What changes do you need to make in thoughts, behaviors, habits?

Tips for practicing lectio divina:

  • Focus on short passages no more than a paragraph.
  • Read from a modern translation you easily understand.
  • Set aside enough quiet time to slowly and prayerfully reflect.
  • Have a journal to record key insights andtakeaways.
  • Apply the passage through meditative prayer, worship, and action.

Lectio divina engages Scripture on a heart level, leading to personal transformation.

Do In-Depth Word and Topical Studies

Word and topical studies drill down on specific words, theological concepts, or themes that appear throughout Scripture. Pick a topic and trace it across Old and New Testaments using study tools. For example:

Word study – Choose important words like “faith,” “righteous,” or “covenant” and examine all verses where they appear. Look up the original Hebrew/Greek meaning. See how the word gets used in different contexts.

Theological studies – Explore doctrines like salvation, heaven, end times. Look at all related texts on the subject across the Bible’s books.

Biographical studies – Study all passages related to Bible characters like David, Moses, Mary, or Paul across Old and New Testaments.

Cultural studies – Research background on biblical locations and cultures like Jerusalem, Egypt, or Rome to add context.

Steps for topical study:

  • Pick your topic and find all relevant verses using a concordance.
  • Organize verses by book using a spreadsheet or journal.
  • Read passages in context using commentaries and dictionaries.
  • Analyze what each text adds to understanding the meaning of the topic.
  • Summarize the biblical theology of your topic based on your study.

Topical and word studies help you construct robust biblical theology by synthesizing teaching across books.

Memorize and Meditate on Passages

In addition to reading Scripture, Christians are called to memorize Bible verses and meditate on them regularly. As Psalm 1:2 says, the one who delights in the law of the Lord meditates day and night. Here are some memorization and meditation tips:

Memorize strategically – Start with verses that bolster areas you struggle with – worry, temptation, anger. Also memorize foundational verses on salvation.

Memorize through repetition – Copy verses on notecards and review them 5-10 times a day until committed to memory. Recite verses aloud.

Meditate and reflect – Think deeply about the meaning and personal application of the verse. Pray it back to God.

Review regularly – Reflect on memorized verses while commuting, before bed, or during free moments. Keep them fresh.

Gain encouragement – Draw on memorized verses during difficult times. Biblical truth sustains us through trials.

Store verses on your heart – Memorization plants God’s Word deeply in your mind. It becomes readily available to guide choices.

Take action – Apply the wisdom and instruction of verses you memorize. Let them shape your behavior.

Immersing your mind in Scripture through memorization and meditation renews your thinking and helps you gain victory over sin.

Apply God’s Word to Your Life

Ultimately, we don’t want to just read the Bible for information. We want to live its teachings in practical ways. James 1:22 tells us to be doers of the Word, not hearers only. Here are tips for applying the Bible:

  • As you read, ask “How can I apply this to my life today?” Look for concrete action steps.
  • Meditate on how Scripture corrects your thinking and behavior. Be willing to change.
  • Choose a single verse or passage to guide your decisions and responses this week.
  • Discuss application with other believers for accountability and encouragement.
  • Make lists of action steps you need to take in areas like prayer, work, finances, relationships, habits.
  • Focus on obeying biblical commands that are clear – being generous, forgiving others, using wholesome speech.
  • Apply Bible stories and passages to current life situations, allowing Scriptural wisdom to guide you.
  • Remember that obeying God demonstrates your love for Him. It leads to blessing and flourishing.

The Bible transforms us from the inside out. The more we regard Scripture as God’s voice to us and humbly apply its teachings, the more our lives align with God’s purposes. He graciously empowers our obedience by the Spirit at work within us.


This post covered several methods to help you read and apply the Bible in person-changing ways:

  • Reading cover to cover
  • Using devotional Bible plans
  • Studying a single book deeply
  • Practicing lectio divina reflection
  • Doing word and topical studies
  • Memorizing and meditating on passages
  • Applying God’s Word to your daily life

The main goal is not getting through the Bible as fast as possible. True transformation comes through meeting God in its pages – grasping His vision for your life, hearing His voice, encountering His heart of love, and receiving power to walk in obedience by His Spirit. Approach the Bible with humility and anticipation, knowing that God wants to use His Word to make you more and more like Christ every day.

As you explore various reading methods, be patient with yourself. It takes time and practice to develop Bible study skills and find techniques that work for you. But persevering in Scripture will enrich your relationship with God in amazing ways. His Word is a mighty weapon, equipping us for every good work as we serve Christ and build His kingdom.

Pastor duke taber
Pastor Duke Taber

Pastor Duke Taber

All articles have been written or reviewed by Pastor Duke Taber.
Pastor Duke Taber is an alumnus of Life Pacific University and Multnomah Biblical Seminary.
He has been in pastoral ministry since 1988.
Today he is the owner and managing editor of 3 successful Christian websites that support missionaries around the world.
He is currently starting a brand new church in Mesquite NV called Mesquite Worship Center, a Non-Denominational Spirit Filled Christian church in Mesquite Nevada.