How to Use Bible Commentaries

Beloved in Christ,

Just as in the days of the early church, we recognize that “All Scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness, that the man of God may be complete, thoroughly equipped for every good work” (2 Timothy 3:16-17, NKJV). However, we also acknowledge the importance of seeking guidance and wisdom from the works of scholars who have devoted their lives to the study of God’s Word. This is where Bible commentaries come into play!

Bible commentaries provide us with extensive academic research, historical context, and theological insights into the sacred Scriptures. They act as invaluable tools to help us glean a deeper understanding of the verses we read and meditate upon. Like the words of the wise and their riddles, “the words of the wise are like goads, and the words of scholars are like well-driven nails, given by one Shepherd” (Ecclesiastes 12:11, NKJV).

In this article, we shall explore how to effectively use Bible commentaries in our study and reflection on the Word, with an aim to grow closer to our Father, to better understand His love, His truth, and His will for our lives. We are excited to embark on this journey alongside you, beloved reader, as we delve deeper into the beauty and majesty of God’s Word. Grace and peace be with you as we allow the Holy Spirit to teach and enlighten us through the use of Bible commentaries.

wn1o 0fpdo 1 How to Use Bible Commentaries

I. Discovering the Riches of Scripture: The Role of Bible Commentaries in Enhancing Spiritual Growth

The Bible is a treasure trove of spiritual riches, filled with God’s promises, wisdom, and guidance for our lives. As we embark on our journey of spiritual growth, it is essential to explore the depths of Scripture and gain a deeper understanding of God’s Word. One valuable resource at our disposal is the use of bible commentaries, which can provide insights and explanations that help us unlock the mysteries of the text.

Commentaries serve as a compass to guide us in our exploration of Scripture. Written by scholars and theologians, these works can offer historical context, explanations of difficult passages, and reveal the connections between various parts of the Bible. By incorporating commentaries into our study, we enhance our understanding of the Word and cultivate a more meaningful relationship with the Lord. Here are some benefits of using bible commentaries in our spiritual growth:

  • Historical Context: Commentaries can provide invaluable insights into the culture, language, and historical events surrounding the biblical text. This context enables us to appreciate the relevance of God’s Word in its original setting and see its timeless application to our lives.
  • Deeper Understanding: Some passages in the Bible, like the prophetic books, can be difficult to understand. Commentaries can help us navigate these challenging texts by providing information on symbolism, metaphors, and the original meanings of the Hebrew and Greek words used in the text (2 Timothy 2:15).
  • Unity and Harmony: Understanding the connections between different parts of the Bible, like prophecies and their fulfillment or parallels in the Old and New Testament, enriches our comprehension of the Scripture as a whole. Commentaries help illuminate these connections, revealing the unity and harmony of God’s Word.

To fully utilize commentaries, we must always remember that they are not a replacement for personal study and prayerful reflection on Scripture. Rather, their role is to supplement our individual pursuit of God’s wisdom and understanding (Proverbs 2:6). The Holy Spirit is our ultimate teacher and guide (John 16:13), who will lead us into all truth. As we continue to invest in our spiritual growth, with the help of commentaries and under the guidance of the Holy Spirit, the riches of Scripture will unfold, transforming our hearts and minds as we draw nearer to God.

II. Tips for Choosing the Right Bible Commentary for Your Study Needs

Know the Purpose of Your Study

Before choosing a Bible commentary, it’s crucial to know the purpose of your study. Are you studying to prepare for a Bible study, to give a sermon, or to deepen your personal relationship with God? Different commentaries will be more suitable for different purposes. For example, if you are preparing to teach or preach, you may want to consider technical commentaries that offer detailed analyses of the original language and cultural context. On the other hand, if you’re looking for devotional material, a more practical and application-focused commentary may be more beneficial.

Evaluate the Commentary’s Focus

Once you know the purpose of your study, it’s important to determine a commentary’s focus. The nature of various commentaries can vastly differ since some may delve into the historical and cultural background of the text, while others may primarily focus on theologically unpacking the Scriptures. Here are three general categories of biblical commentaries:

  • Technical Commentaries – These delve deep into the original language of the text, interact with its grammatical and syntactical nuances, and engage with historical and cultural information. This type of commentary is best suited for those with a solid understanding of the biblical languages.
  • Exegetical Commentaries – Exegetical commentaries prioritize interpreting a text’s meaning within its literary and historical context. While they often discuss relevant language details, they are generally accessible to readers with little or no background in biblical languages.
  • Application-focused Commentaries – These mainly concentrate on applying biblical truths to everyday life. Practical and pastoral in nature, they can be most helpful to those seeking devotional or life-guidance insights from the Scriptures.

Weigh the options carefully and choose a commentary that aligns with your study’s purpose and your current understanding of the Scriptures.

Consider the Scholarly Reputation and Theological Perspectives

Finally, it’s important to consider a commentary’s scholarly reputation and the theological perspectives of its author(s). Always opt for reputable biblical scholars who not only demonstrate significant knowledge of the Scriptures but also hold similar theological convictions as you do. For instance, you might consider a commentary authored by a respected Charismatic or Pentecostal scholar if you wish to explore the work of the Holy Spirit throughout the Bible.

Remember, “Every word of God is pure; He is a shield to those who put their trust in Him” (Proverbs 30:5, NKJV). Therefore, it’s crucial to discern reliable commentaries to ensure accurate interpretation and application of the Scriptures in your personal study or teaching.

III. Exploring the Treasure Trove of Commentaries: A Guide to Diverse Perspectives and Interpretations

The Word of God is rich and inexhaustible in meaning, offering us a divine treasure chest that we can explore for a lifetime and never reach its depths. Yet, as we immerse ourselves in scripture, we may sometimes find ourselves feeling overwhelmed with the vastness of its wisdom. At these times, it’s helpful to tap into the wealth of commentaries that have been written by faithful Christian scholars throughout the ages. These resources offer diverse perspectives and interpretations that can help deepen our understanding of the scriptures, inspire our faith, and guide our walk with the Lord.

One of the most valuable aspects of utilizing commentaries is the exposure to the historical context that can aid our comprehension of the ancient biblical text. Many commentaries provide details on the culture, customs, and events of the time when the scriptures were written, revealing layers of meaning we may have otherwise overlooked. Consider delving into these acclaimed commentaries for insights on historical context:

  • Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary on the Whole Bible
  • The New International Commentary on the Old and New Testament
  • Word Biblical Commentary
  • The Bible Knowledge Commentary

Another advantage of consulting commentaries is the opportunity to explore different interpretive approaches to the scripture. These approaches can range from the historical-grammatical method, which seeks to understand the intentions of the original authors and the meanings of words in their historical context, to a more allegorical or mystical view that uncovers spiritual truths through symbolism. Some renowned commentaries that offer various interpretive approaches include:

  • Calvin’s Commentaries
  • The Expositor’s Bible Commentary
  • John Wesley’s Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible
  • The Ancient Christian Commentary on Scripture

Finally, employing commentaries can also enhance our spiritual growth by illuminating the application of biblical principles to our lives. When we understand not only the historical context and the intent of the authors but also the Spirit’s guidance for our daily lives, we can live the abundant life Jesus promised us (John 10:10). Commentaries that emphasize practical application include:

  • Life Application Study Bible
  • MacArthur Bible Commentary
  • The Baker Illustrated Bible Commentary
  • NIV Application Commentary

Remember, as you explore the treasure trove of commentaries, the Holy Spirit is our ultimate teacher and guide. “But the Helper, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in My name, He will teach you all things, and bring to your remembrance all things that I said to you” (John 14:26, NKJV). Embrace the gift of these diverse perspectives and interpretations to strengthen your walk with Christ, and always turn to the leading of the Holy Spirit in your journey through His Word.

IV. Practical Steps to Effectively Integrate Bible Commentaries into Your Personal Devotion and Sermon Preparation

Start with Prayer: Before diving into Bible commentaries, it’s essential to begin your study time in prayer. Ask the Holy Spirit to guide you and make His Word come alive in your heart. Jesus promised in John 16:13 (NKJV), “However, when He, the Spirit of truth, has come, He will guide you into all truth.” Trust that the Holy Spirit will lead you to the right resources and understanding, even as you learn from other biblical scholars.

Consider Your Purpose: When using Bible commentaries, it’s crucial to remember your primary goal in studying the Scriptures – to know God more intimately and share His message effectively with others. Determine if you want to be using a commentary for your benefit, for example, to explain a specific cultural practice. Or is the commentary going to support or clarify a point in your sermon? Keeping your purpose in mind will help ensure that your use of commentaries is purposeful and focused.

Select Appropriate Commentaries: Not all Bible commentaries are created equal, and choosing the right ones for your study and sermon preparation is essential. Some commentaries focus on historical and cultural background, while others delve into the original languages and theological themes.

– When selecting Bible commentaries, consider the following factors:
– The author’s theological perspective
– The commentator’s level of expertise in the subject matter
– The intended audience of the commentary
– The overall purpose and focus of the commentary

Remember that no single commentary will provide you with all the answers or insights. Therefore, don’t be afraid to consult multiple commentaries to gain a broader perspective and deepen your understanding of the Scriptures. Also, always remember to prioritize God’s Word over any commentary or human interpretation.

Make It Personal: After studying the Bible and consulting commentaries, take time to reflect on what you have learned and how it applies to your life and ministry. James 1:22 (NKJV) says, “But be doers of the word, and not hearers only, deceiving yourselves.” Allow the Holy Spirit to help you apply the insights gained from your studies in practical ways that will transform your heart and inform your sermons.


In conclusion, dear friends, we have journeyed together through the wonderful world of Bible commentaries, gaining knowledge, insight, and wisdom along the way. As a shepherd to his flock, I encourage you wholeheartedly to continue exploring these invaluable resources and applying them in your study and contemplation of God’s Word. As the Scriptures say, “Let the word of Christ dwell in you richly, teaching and admonishing one another in all wisdom” (Colossians 3:16).

My prayer, as your fellow traveler on this path of faith, is that these commentaries serve as beacons of light, guiding you towards a deeper understanding and love for the Holy Scriptures. May you find joy and nourishment in your study, and may God’s Word take root within your heart, bearing fruit that lasts for eternity.

As we part ways in this article, may the grace and peace of our Lord Jesus Christ abide with you, equipping you for every good work, and giving you the courage and dedication to keep seeking and sharing the truth.

Bible commentaries can be invaluable tools for those looking to gain a deeper insight into the Scriptures. A commentary provides an expert’s analysis and interpretation of a Biblical passage, and can provide valuable insight into a difficult passage or concept. If you’re interested in using a Bible commentary to deepen your Bible study, here are some tips to get you started:

1. Research different commentaries. Bible commentaries come in varying degrees of formality and complexity, from short, easy-to-read explanations to longer, highly technical presentations. Look around and decide which type of commentary best suits your needs.

2. Choose a reliable commentary. Do some research to make sure you choose a commentary written by a reliable source. Bible commentaries should be written by someone who is knowledgeable in Biblical studies, such as a theologian, scholar, or pastor. Look for commentaries that have been critically reviewed by other experts in the field.

3. Read first before reading the commentary. It’s important to read the passage in the Bible first before reading a commentary. This will give you a good foundation and context for understanding the interpretation provided by the commentary.

4. Observe the structure of the commentary. Most commentaries provide an explanation of the passage chapter by chapter or verse by verse, with a section devoted to each. Understand how the commentary is organized, as it will make it easier to follow the author’s flow of thought and line of reasoning.

5. Consider the author’s bias. Every author has a point of view, and this will be reflected in his or her interpretation of the Bible. Be mindful of the author’s opinion and decide for yourself how much of it you agree or disagree with.

With these tips in mind, you’ll be well on your way to utilizing Bible commentaries to gain a deeper understanding of the Scriptures. Have fun exploring different commentaries and seeing how they can add to your Bible study time!

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