Discovering: How Many Sons Did Esau Have in the Bible?
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Discovering: How Many Sons Did Esau Have in the Bible?

Esau was one of the prominent biblical figures whose story is narrated in the Old Testament. He was the first son born to Isaac and the twin brother of Jacob. Esau’s lineage is significant for understanding the history and evolution of the Israelites.

In this article, we delve into the sons of Esau, their roles in the biblical narrative, and their impact on subsequent generations.

Key Takeaways:

  • The Bible mentions several sons of Esau, including Eliphaz, Reuel, Jeush, Jaalam, and Korah.
  • Esau’s descendants played significant roles in shaping the course of biblical history, including in the establishment of the nation of Edom.
  • The story of Esau and his sons has been interpreted and understood differently within various Christian traditions.
  • Esau’s lineage has been linked to certain biblical prophecies, particularly those concerning end-time events.
  • Understanding Esau’s family history is crucial for comprehending the overall narrative of the Bible.

Who was Esau in the Bible?

Esau is a significant figure in the Bible and plays a central role in the story of the patriarchs. He was the firstborn son of Isaac and Rebecca and the twin brother of Jacob. Esau is known for selling his birthright to his younger brother for a bowl of stew, and later being deceived by Jacob into relinquishing his father’s blessing.

Esau’s biblical story highlights themes of sibling rivalry, deception, and the consequences of decisions made in haste. He is also noteworthy for his physical appearance and hunting prowess, which is contrasted with Jacob’s more intellectual and domestic disposition.

Despite his flaws, Esau is seen as an important figure in biblical history, particularly for his role in the lineage of the Israelites. The book of Genesis lists Esau’s descendants, who became known as the Edomites, and notes their interactions with the Israelites throughout history.

The Sons of Esau

Esau, the twin brother of Jacob, had five sons. Their names, as mentioned in the Bible, were:

EliphazThe firstborn of Esau and Adah.
ReuelAlso known as Jeush, the son of Esau and Adah.
JeushAlso known as Reuel, the son of Esau and Adah.
JalamThe son of Esau and Aholibamah.
KorahThe son of Esau and Aholibamah.

According to the Bible, Esau’s five sons became the heads of various Edomite tribes. They played significant roles in the history of Israel and were considered important figures in their time. It is also believed that the descendants of Esau intermarried with other tribes, further establishing their influence and impact on the region.

Eliphaz, the firstborn son of Esau, is mentioned the most out of all the sons. His descendants are said to have been prosperous and influential, with some even becoming kings. Reuel and Jeush are also mentioned, but little is known about them beyond their names. Jalam and Korah, the sons of Esau and Aholibamah, are said to have been leaders and warriors.

Esau’s Legacy and Influence

Esau, the elder twin brother of Jacob, is an important figure in the Old Testament. He was the father of several sons who went on to become prominent figures themselves. Understanding Esau’s heritage is crucial in comprehending the impact of his lineage on biblical history.

While Esau was not chosen to be the recipient of God’s covenant with Abraham, his descendants played significant roles in the course of biblical history. Esau’s eldest son, Eliphaz, was the father of Amalek, who became a major enemy of the Israelites.

Esau’s son Reuel (also known as Jeush) went on to father several prominent Edomite rulers, including Nahath, Zerah, and Shammah. Another of Esau’s sons, Korah, founded a tribe that bore his name and became powerful in the region, creating a lasting impact that can still be seen today.

It’s worth noting that while Esau’s influence wasn’t always positive, his descendants nevertheless played a significant role in shaping the course of biblical history. The Edomites, in particular, are referenced several times in the Old and New Testaments, attesting to their lasting impact.

In conclusion, Esau’s heritage is a crucial aspect of understanding the broader sweep of biblical history. While his role in God’s covenant was ultimately secondary to that of his brother Jacob, his legacy still had a profound impact that resonates through the ages.

Esau in Charismatic/Pentecostal Christian Perspective

Esau’s story is significant in Charismatic and Pentecostal Christianity, as it provides valuable lessons and teachings for believers. One of the main themes that emerge from Esau’s narrative is the importance of spiritual discernment and the dangers of making impulsive decisions.

In Charismatic and Pentecostal circles, Esau’s choice to trade his birthright for a bowl of soup is often used as an example of the consequences of making decisions without seeking God’s guidance. It serves as a warning to believers to maintain spiritual vigilance and not to fall for the temptations of the flesh.

Additionally, Esau’s relationship with his brother Jacob, particularly the deception that resulted in Jacob receiving their father’s blessing, is seen as a reminder of the consequences of allowing bitterness and unforgiveness to fester. Charismatic and Pentecostal Christians often use this aspect of Esau’s story to highlight the importance of forgiveness and love towards others.

Esau’s story is also seen as a reminder of God’s sovereignty and the importance of submitting to His will. Despite Esau’s birthright being taken away from him, God still had a plan and purpose for his life and his descendants and used them to accomplish His divine will.

Esau’s Sons and Pentecostal Interpretation

Esau’s sons are not explicitly mentioned in Charismatic or Pentecostal teachings, but the significance of his lineage is recognized. As descendants of Abraham, Esau’s sons are seen as part of God’s chosen people and are viewed as playing a role in God’s plan for salvation history.

The story of Esau and his sons also serves as a reminder of the importance of God’s promises and the fulfillment of biblical prophecies. In the book of Malachi, the Lord declares His love for Jacob and hatred for Esau, which is often interpreted as a reference to the respective nations that descended from them. However, this does not diminish the significance of Esau’s lineage in biblical history and the role that his descendants played in fulfilling God’s redemptive plan.

Esau’s Sons in Relation to Prophecy

If you are familiar with the Bible, you know that many of its prophecies have been fulfilled, and some are yet to come. Esau’s lineage is referenced in several biblical prophecies, which has led many to study his descendants and try to determine their role in future events.

One of the most notable prophecies concerning Esau’s lineage comes from the book of Obadiah. In this book, it is stated that Esau’s descendants, the Edomites, will be judged by God for their mistreatment of the Israelites. This prophecy was fulfilled when the Edomites were conquered and assimilated by other nations.

However, some believe that the Edomites will play a role in the end times. The book of Revelation mentions a group of people known as the “kings of the east,” who many believe to be from the region of Edom. These kings are said to march towards Israel for the battle of Armageddon.

Whether or not these prophecies will come to pass is a matter of interpretation and debate among scholars and theologians. However, it is clear that Esau’s lineage has played a significant role in the biblical narrative and continues to be a subject of study and fascination for many.


Esau, the son of Isaac and Rebecca, had several sons who played a significant role in biblical history. The descendants of Esau were known as the Edomites and inhabited the area south of the Dead Sea.

The story of Esau and his lineage is an essential part of biblical history, providing insight into the formation of the nation of Israel and the fulfillment of God’s promises. Understanding the significance of Esau’s descendants is critical in comprehending the overall narrative of the Bible.

While Esau’s story is often overshadowed by that of his brother Jacob, it is crucial to recognize the impact that Esau and his sons had on the course of biblical history, particularly within the context of Charismatic and Pentecostal Christian theology. In addition, their role in biblical prophecy, particularly in end-time events, is an area of interest and speculation.

Therefore, exploring and comprehending Esau’s lineage and the significance of his descendants is essential in gaining a deeper understanding of the Bible’s overarching narrative.


How many sons did Esau have in the Bible?

Esau had five sons mentioned in the Bible. Their names are Eliphaz, Reuel, Jeush, Jalam, and Korah.

Who was Esau in the Bible?

Esau was a biblical figure and the twin brother of Jacob. He is known for selling his birthright to Jacob for a bowl of stew and later seeking to reclaim it. Esau’s story is found in the book of Genesis in the Bible.

What is the significance of understanding Esau’s family history and the significance of his sons?

Understanding Esau’s family history helps provide context to the biblical narrative and sheds light on the ancestral lineage of significant figures in the Bible. Esau’s sons also play roles in biblical events and their stories contribute to the overall understanding of God’s plan and the fulfillment of prophecies.

Can you provide a list of Esau’s sons?

Sure! Esau’s sons, as mentioned in the Bible, are Eliphaz, Reuel, Jeush, Jalam, and Korah.

How did Esau and his sons influence biblical history?

Esau and his sons played significant roles in the biblical narrative. Their actions and choices shaped the course of events and impacted subsequent generations. Esau’s descendants also fulfill prophecies and contribute to the overall unfolding of God’s plan in the Bible.

How is the story of Esau and his sons interpreted in Charismatic/Pentecostal Christian theology?

Within Charismatic and Pentecostal Christian theology, the story of Esau and his sons is often seen as a lesson in spiritual discernment and the consequences of worldly desires. It is also interpreted as a reminder to prioritize spiritual blessings over earthly possessions.

Are there any links between Esau’s sons and biblical prophecies?

Esau’s sons are mentioned in certain biblical prophecies, particularly those related to end-time events. Some interpretations suggest that Esau’s descendants may play a role in future biblical events, but these ideas remain speculative and subject to individual interpretation.

What is the significance of Esau’s lineage and his descendants?

Esau’s lineage and his descendants are significant in biblical history as they contribute to the fulfillment of prophecies, showcase the consequences of choices, and provide a deeper understanding of God’s plan throughout the Bible. Their stories serve as lessons and reminders of the importance of faith, discernment, and spiritual priorities.

Pastor Duke Taber
Pastor Duke Taber

Pastor Duke Taber

All articles have been written or reviewed by Pastor Duke Taber.
Pastor Duke Taber is an alumnus of Life Pacific University and Multnomah Biblical Seminary.
He has been in pastoral ministry since 1988.
Today he is the owner and managing editor of 3 successful Christian websites that support missionaries around the world.
He is currently starting a brand new church in Mesquite NV called Mesquite Worship Center, a Non-Denominational Spirit Filled Christian church in Mesquite Nevada.