How is the Holy Spirit Like the Wind?
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How is the Holy Spirit Like the Wind?

The Holy Spirit is a vital part of the Trinity, yet also one of the most elusive and difficult to understand. Jesus himself compared the Spirit to the wind in John 3:8:

“The wind blows where it wishes, and you hear its sound, but you do not know where it comes from or where it goes. So it is with everyone who is born of the Spirit.” (John 3:8 NKJV)

This passage gives us insight into the mystery and power of the Holy Spirit. Like the wind, the Spirit is invisible yet perceptible, uncontrollable yet life-giving.

In this post, we will explore how the Holy Spirit is like the wind in Scripture, theology, and Christian experience. Understanding this analogy helps unlock the person and work of the Holy Spirit.


The Holy Spirit is the forgotten member of the Trinity. The Father and Son receive far more attention, while the Spirit is often overlooked. Yet Scripture is clear – the Spirit is fully God, equal with the Father and Son.

Jesus introduces the Spirit as the “Comforter” in John 14, the one who comes alongside believers after Christ’s ascension. The Spirit applies Christ’s work in our lives, empowering us to follow Jesus.

But the Spirit remains frustratingly abstract. Many Christians struggle to understand the doctrine of the Trinity, especially the person and work of the Spirit.

That’s why Jesus’ metaphor comparing the Spirit to the wind is so helpful. It provides tangible images for this invisible, mysterious member of the Godhead. The wind demonstrates essential attributes of the Holy Spirit in a way we can grasp.

In this post, we will unpack Jesus’ analogy by looking at three parallels between the wind and Holy Spirit:

Key Takeaways:

  • The wind and Spirit are both invisible yet perceptible forces
  • The wind and Spirit blow where they wish, unseen and untamable
  • The wind and Spirit bring life and renewal wherever they go
  • Understanding the wind helps demystify the Spirit’s person and work
  • The Spirit is not an abstract concept but an experiential reality for believers
  • Scripture and theology enrich how we apply Jesus’ wind metaphor
  • Charismatics tap into dimensions of the wind-Spirit connection missed by other traditions

Examining these aspects of the analogy will ground us in biblical truth about the Holy Spirit. It also has vital implications for Christian spirituality. As we open our lives to the Spirit’s wind-like presence, we walk in newness of life and power.

The Invisible Yet Perceptible Nature of the Wind and Spirit

Jesus begins the analogy by highlighting a defining feature of the wind – we cannot see it, only perceive its effects:

“The wind blows where it wishes, and you hear its sound…” (John 3:8)

The wind itself is imperceptible to the eye. But we detect the wind through hearing the rustling of leaves or feeling it against our skin. The wind’s impacts announce its invisible presence.

The Holy Spirit works similarly. As Jesus said earlier:

“The world cannot accept him, because it neither sees him nor knows him.” (John 14:17)

The Spirit has no physical form. Yet Scripture routinely describes the Spirit’s activity in perceptible ways:

  • The Spirit descended on Jesus like a dove (Luke 3:22)
  • The Spirit arrived like a mighty wind on Pentecost (Acts 2:2)
  • The Spirit manifests through spiritual gifts like prophecy (1 Corinthians 12)
  • The Spirit produces tangible fruit in believers (Galatians 5:22-23)

We cannot see the Spirit directly. But we discern the Spirit’s presence through visible, audible, and tangible manifestations. The Spirit engages our senses, even though the source remains unseen.

This parallels seeing trees bend in the wind without viewing the wind itself. We perceive the wind through its impacts, just as we recognize the Spirit through His work. The Spirit bears witness to Himself inexperience.

The Mysterious Movement of the Wind and Spirit

After noting the wind’s imperceptibility, Jesus highlights its sovereign direction:

“…but you do not know where it comes from or where it goes.” (John 3:8)

The wind blows wherever it wishes. We cannot control or anticipate the wind’s course. It defies our expectations and predictions, answering to no one.

Again, Scripture presents the Spirit acting similarly. In a conversation with Nicodemus, Jesus compares the Spirit’s work to the wind’s freedom and unpredictability:

“The wind blows where it wishes, and you hear its sound, but you do not know where it comes from or where it goes. So it is with everyone who is born of the Spirit.” (John 3:8)

We cannot summon, earn, or coerce the Spirit. The Spirit operates according to His own will, on His timing and initiative.

Throughout Acts, the Spirit directs the early church in surprising ways contrary to human plans. From Philip’s detour into the desert (Acts 8:26) to Peter’s rooftop vision (Acts 10:19), the Spirit guides God’s people off the expected track.

Like the wind, the Spirit blows His people where He desires. We do not control the wind; it controls us. The Spirit similarly leads believers as He wills.

This manifests in spiritual gifts as well. Paul notes the Spirit distributes gifts “as he determines” (1 Corinthians 12:11), not as we dictate. The variety of gifts depend on the Spirit’s discretion, which we cannot sway or merit.

The Life-Giving Properties of the Wind and Spirit

Beyond invisibility and sovereignty, Jesus’ analogy highlights another similarity – the life-giving force of the wind and Spirit.

The air’s movement as wind is indispensable for physical life. Wind cycles oxygen and carbon dioxide, ensuring the atmosphere’s composition supports living organisms. Without wind, the earth would become uninhabitable.

Likewise, the Spirit is the source of spiritual life. Our life in Christ depends upon the regenerating work of the Spirit. As Paul writes:

“Flesh gives birth to flesh, but the Spirit gives birth to spirit.” (John 3:6)

Only the Holy Spirit can raise dead sinners to new life in Christ. Jesus emphasized this to Nicodemus:

“No one can enter the kingdom of God unless they are born of water and the Spirit.” (John 3:5)

The Spirit generates new life just as wind sustains natural life. Without Him, we remain spiritually dead.

Believers depend continually on the Spirit as our lifeline to God. Paul describes this vital connection:

“The Spirit himself testifies with our spirit that we are God’s children.” (Romans 8:16)

By the Spirit, we receive adoption as God’s children. Our relationship with the Father flows through the Spirit who indwells us.

Furthermore, the Spirit cultivates ongoing renewal and transformation in Christ. Paul exhorts believers:

“Do not conform to the pattern of this world, but be transformed by the renewing of your mind. Then you will be able to test and approve what God’s will is – his good, pleasing and perfect will.” (Romans 12:2)

This renewal happens as believers “live by the Spirit” day to day (Galatians 5:16). The Spirit’s presence develops Christlike virtues and empowers obedience to God’s will. As we submit to the Spirit, we experience new creation in conduct as well as status.

In these ways, the Spirit grants spiritual life to God’s people. Without the Spirit’s quickening presence, we remain dead in sin.

Why the Wind Analogy Demystifies the Holy Spirit

Stepping back, it’s easy to see how comparing the Spirit to the wind removes unnecessary mystery surrounding His person and work.

The wind is mundane and familiar. While invisible, we routinely experience its effects. The wind analogy takes the Spirit out of the abstract realm of theology and connects Him to everyday life.

At the same time, the metaphor is fitting because wind remains wondrous despite its familiarity. Gusts seem to come from nowhere and delight us with their wild unpredictability. The wind exceeds our control in majestic fashion.

In this way, Jesus’ analogy retains the Spirit’s transcendence while also emphasizing His nearness. The Spirit seems vague and immaterial no longer when understood as like the wind. We have tactile categories for comprehending His activity.

The analogy also demonstrates that the Spirit cannot be reduced to a mere feeling or abstract presence – He is an objective divine being like the Father and Son. At the same time, we experience and know Him by His tangible impacts on our lives.

In short, the wind metaphor brings together profound theological truth with practical, experiential application. Doctrine and life unite as we translate features of the wind to the person and work of the Holy Spirit.

How Scripture and Theology Build on the Wind Analogy

So far, we have focused primarily on the wind metaphor in John 3:8 itself. But Biblical authors and theologians enrich the analogy in other ways, revealing additional similarities between the wind and Holy Spirit.

For instance, the prophet Ezekiel received a vision that connects the Spirit to the four winds coming from heaven:

“Then he said to me, ‘Prophesy to the breath; prophesy, son of man, and say to it, ‘This is what the Sovereign Lord says: Come, breath, from the four winds and breathe into these slain, that they may live.’‘ So I prophesied as he commanded me, and breath entered them; they came to life and stood up on their feet.” (Ezekiel 37:9-10)

Here, the regenerating breath of the Spirit is pictured as wind entering the dry bones to grant resurrection life. This develops the parallel of the Spirit as life-giving wind that Jesus highlights.

Additionally, John’s Gospel records an episode after Jesus’ resurrection where He breathed the Spirit upon the disciples:

“And with that he breathed on them and said, ‘Receive the Holy Spirit.’” (John 20:22)

Jesus’ breath represents the Spirit being imparted to believers. This mirrors God breathing the “breath of life” into Adam at creation (Genesis 2:7). The Holy Spirit is the breath of God that animates spiritual life in Christ’s people.

We could explore other passages, but these two examples demonstrate how Biblical authors pick up Jesus’ metaphor and expand on it in creative ways. Scripture itself gives the wind analogy theological weight beyond the words of Jesus.

Church fathers and theologians have further developed the meaning of the Spirit as wind. For instance, 4th century bishop Gregory of Nyssa discussed the wind and Spirit in On the Holy Spirit:

“For the same grace of the Spirit carries us through the air, raises us aloft, and lifts us up on high…by the life-giving breath; so are we guarded by the life-giving Spirit.”

Gregory highlights the wind’s power sustaining physical life just as the Spirit sustains believers supernaturally.

The 12th century Western theologian Richard of St. Victor expanded the metaphor to describe how the wind brings refreshment during summer heat:

“The Holy Spirit is that tranquil breeze and dew of the delights of eternal life who comforts the scorched by the summer heat of this world.”

Here, Richard points to the Spirit bringing comfort and renewal like a cool breeze.

These examples demonstrate that throughout church history, theologians have found the wind analogy spiritually meaningful and doctrinally insightful. Expanding on Jesus’ words broadens our application of the metaphor.

Why Charismatics Understand the Wind Analogy Best

While all Christians affirm the wind as a metaphor for the Spirit, charismatic believers especially embody the experiential dimensions of this analogy. The connection between wind and Spirit comes alive most vividly in Spirit-empowered spirituality.

Pentecostals and charismatics emphasize praying for fresh outpourings of the Holy Spirit using language of wind:

  • “Come like a mighty wind and fill this place!”
  • “Breathe on us, Spirit of the living God. Fill us afresh!”
  • “Send a gale wind of your Spirit to empower us!”

Charismatics pray expectantly for the Spirit’s breath to blow through churches and communities. They anticipate the Spirit arriving unexpectedly like a gust of wind.

This theology fuels seeking more of the Spirit’s manifestations. Believers yearn for the Spirit’s rushing wind in worship, prayer, and evangelism. Wind language shapes intercession for revival and awakening.

Furthermore, charismatics connect the Spirit’s Pentecost arrival as wind to Spirit baptism. While all believers receive the Spirit at conversion, many seek subsequent infillings of the Spirit mirroring that first experience. Wind-Spirit language occurs frequently around this practice.

Spirit baptism also reminds charismatics that the Spirit comes sovereignly, not based on human control or timing. We cannot manufacture Pentecost on demand. The Spirit rushes upon us at His initiative, surprising and overwhelming us with power from on high.

In these ways, Pentecostal/charismatic spirituality puts Jesus’ wind analogy into dynamic practice. Charismatics live in acute awareness of the Spirit’s wind-like attributes missing from other traditions. Embracing the metaphor shapes how they pray, worship, and walk in the Spirit’s power.

No Christian tradition perfectly understands the Spirit’s fullness. But charismatics especially exemplify what it looks like to experience the reality behind Jesus’ wind analogy. They live out the metaphor in ways that can enrich the wider body of Christ.

Implications for Our Experience of the Spirit

Stepping back, how should Jesus’ wind metaphor shape our understanding and experience of the Holy Spirit? Let’s reflect on three key implications from our study:

1. A Greater Sense of the Spirit’s Mystery and Power

Comparing the Spirit to the wind rightly re-mystifies our approach to the third person of the Trinity. The metaphor preserves His transcendence even as it makes Him understandable.

We stand in awe of wind’s invisible power. Likewise, seeing the Spirit as wind gives Him proper place as greater than ourselves, beyond our control or comprehension. We recover reverence for the Spirit through this analogy.

2. Expecting the Spirit’s Sovereign and Surprising Movement

Since the wind and Spirit blow as they will, we should anticipate the Spirit moving in unexpected ways that exceed our plans and understanding.

Positively, this means watching for the Spirit’s guidance into unanticipated situations and relationships. We must remain open to the Spirit surprising us with new opportunities for obedience.

Conversely, we should avoid trying to domesticate or reduce the Spirit to a predictable, tame presence. He remains wild, untamable wind. We cannot dictate His activity.

3. Desiring More of the Wind-Like Effects of the Spirit

Most importantly, this analogy should create deeper longing for the Spirit’s wind-like activity in our lives. We want the invisible yet perceptible impact of the Spirit shaping our minds, families, and churches.

And we position ourselves to receive greater in-fillings of the Spirit by crying with David, “Awaken, north wind! Rise up, south wind!” (Song of Solomon 4:16). We turn our sails toward the mighty wind of the Spirit.

May we become more attuned to the wind-like presence of the Holy Spirit. And may fresh gusts of His power blow through our lives and communities.


Jesus’ metaphor comparing the Holy Spirit to the wind offers a surprisingly practical window into the Spirit’s person and work. This analogy makes the Spirit understandable by linking Him to an everyday phenomenon like wind.

We explored major ways the wind resembles the Spirit – as an invisible yet perceptible force, moving according to its own will, and bringing life. Scripture and theology build on the connections Jesus draws between wind and Spirit. And charismatic spirituality especially expresses the experiential dimensions of this metaphor.

Above all, may this analogy ignite fresh passion for the wind-like workings of the Holy Spirit in our lives. As we open our sails to the Spirit’s presence, breathtaking new adventures await.

Pastor Duke Taber
Pastor Duke Taber

Pastor Duke Taber

All articles have been written or reviewed by Pastor Duke Taber.
Pastor Duke Taber is an alumnus of Life Pacific University and Multnomah Biblical Seminary.
He has been in pastoral ministry since 1988.
Today he is the owner and managing editor of 3 successful Christian websites that support missionaries around the world.
He is currently starting a brand new church in Mesquite NV called Mesquite Worship Center, a Non-Denominational Spirit Filled Christian church in Mesquite Nevada.