“He Has Risen”: An Exegetical Exploration of Mark 16

Mark 16, the concluding chapter of the Gospel of Mark, provides a riveting account of the most significant event in Christian history—the Resurrection of Jesus Christ. The narrative, charged with divine power, fear, awe, and mystery, stands as a testament to Christ’s victory over death and His lordship over all creation. In this commentary, we will delve deep into the profound truths enshrined in this chapter and their transformative implications for the Christian faith.

From the empty tomb to the Great Commission, Mark 16 recounts the pivotal moments that have shaped Christian theology and practice for millennia. As we embark on this explorative journey, let’s allow the text to guide us, challenge us, and transform us. For in these verses lie not just ancient truths, but timeless promises and calls to action for every believer.

Key Takeaways from This Article:

  1. A nuanced understanding of the Resurrection and its significance in Christian belief.
  2. In-depth analysis of Christ’s post-resurrection appearances and the Great Commission.
  3. Deepened appreciation of Mark’s literary style and theological emphasis.
  4. Renewed sense of our mission as followers of the Risen Lord.

The Empty Tomb: A Dawn of New Hope

The narrative of Mark 16 opens at the break of dawn with Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James, and Salome, making their way to the tomb. “Now when the Sabbath was past, Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James, and Salome bought spices, that they might come and anoint Him” (Mark 16:1, NKJV). Their intention was to perform the customary anointing of Jesus’ body, but what they discovered upon arrival was beyond their wildest expectations.

And they said among themselves, ‘Who will roll away the stone from the door of the tomb for us?’ But when they looked up, they saw that the stone had been rolled away—for it was very large” (Mark 16:3-4, NKJV). The sight of the stone rolled away and the empty tomb was their first encounter with the reality of the resurrection. It was a moment of shock, awe, and bewilderment.

The empty tomb stands as a symbol of Christ’s victory over death and the dawn of a new era in God’s redemptive plan. It challenges us as believers to live in the light of the resurrection, anchored in the hope and promise it brings. It’s a call to embrace the power of Christ’s resurrection in our lives, recognizing its transformative power in our walk of faith.

The Angelic Announcement: Proclamation of Victory

The women’s discovery of the empty tomb was followed by an angelic announcement that underscored the reality of the resurrection. They entered the tomb and saw a young man clothed in a long white robe, an angel, who delivered the transformative message, “Do not be alarmed. You seek Jesus of Nazareth, who was crucified. He is risen! He is not here. See the place where they laid Him” (Mark 16:6, NKJV).

The angel’s proclamation, “He is risen!“, rings through the centuries, reaffirming the heart of the Christian faith. This announcement affirms the victory of Christ over death, offering hope and assurance to all who believe. The angel further instructed the women to inform the disciples and Peter about Jesus’ resurrection and His appearance in Galilee, thus entrusting them with the first evangelistic mission.

In our faith journey, the angel’s announcement serves as a reminder of Christ’s victory and our mission to spread this Good News. As modern believers, we carry the same call to proclaim the risen Lord, acknowledging the transformative power of the resurrection in our lives and the world around us.

The Women’s Response: Fear and Awe

The women’s response to the angel’s announcement provides a glimpse into the profound fear and awe that the resurrection evoked. “So they went out quickly and fled from the tomb, for they trembled and were amazed. And they said nothing to anyone, for they were afraid” (Mark 16:8, NKJV). Their fear was a natural reaction to the supernatural event they had witnessed, a testament to the grandeur and mystery of God’s power.

This reaction underscores the magnitude of the event they had witnessed. It wasn’t a mere religious or philosophical concept but a reality that evoked fear, awe, and wonder. This fear wasn’t necessarily negative; it was more of reverence, a recognition of the divine power and majesty that had triumphed over death.

Their response invites us to approach the resurrection with a sense of awe and reverence. As we encounter the risen Christ in our faith journey, we are called to stand in awe of His power, majesty, and grace, letting this reverence shape our relationship with Him.

The Appearances of the Risen Christ: Encountering the Resurrected Lord

Following the angelic proclamation, Mark 16 narrates three post-resurrection appearances of Jesus. Each encounter reaffirms the reality of the resurrection, revealing the Lord’s continuing work among His disciples. The first appearance is to Mary Magdalene, out of whom Jesus had cast seven demons. “Now when He rose early on the first day of the week, He appeared first to Mary Magdalene” (Mark 16:9, NKJV).

Mary Magdalene’s encounter with the risen Lord is transformative, turning her from a mourner into a witness of the resurrection. However, when she shared the news with the disciples, they were skeptical. This skepticism echoes throughout human history, challenging believers to stand firm in their faith, even in the face of doubt and unbelief.

Jesus’ appearance to Mary Magdalene and the disciples’ initial disbelief reminds us that the resurrection transcends human understanding. It invites us to experience the risen Christ personally, fostering a faith that is grounded in personal encounter rather than mere intellectual assent.

The Great Commission: Embracing Our Mission

In the final verses of Mark 16, Jesus gives His disciples what is commonly referred to as the Great Commission. He said to them, “Go into all the world and preach the gospel to every creature. He who believes and is baptized will be saved; but he who does not believe will be condemned” (Mark 16:15-16, NKJV).

The Great Commission is a clear and compelling call to evangelism and discipleship. It is the mission entrusted to every believer, transcending time, culture, and geographical boundaries. The task is to preach the gospel, the good news of Jesus’ death and resurrection, to every creature, reflecting the universality of God’s salvation plan.

This commission challenges us as believers to take an active role in sharing our faith. We are called to step out of our comfort zones, crossing cultural, social, and geographical boundaries to spread the good news of Christ’s love and salvation.

Confirming Signs: The Power of Faith

Mark concludes his Gospel with a list of signs that would accompany those who believe: casting out demons, speaking with new tongues, protection against deadly threats, and healing the sick by laying on hands. These signs are not meant as prescriptions but as confirmations of the faith of the believers and the power of the risen Lord.

And these signs will follow those who believe: In My name they will cast out demons; they will speak with new tongues; they will take up serpents; and if they drink anything deadly, it will by no means hurt them; they will lay hands on the sick, and they will recover” (Mark 16:17-18, NKJV). These promises highlight the transformative power of faith and the supernatural assistance that believers have in the mission of spreading the Gospel.

These signs remind us that our faith is not in vain; it is accompanied by the power of God. As believers, we can take comfort in the fact that our faith in the risen Christ brings with it the divine empowerment to accomplish His mission in the world.

The Ascension: A Promise of His Presence

In the penultimate verse of Mark 16, we find the account of Jesus’ ascension into heaven. “So then, after the Lord had spoken to them, He was received up into heaven, and sat down at the right hand of God” (Mark 16:19, NKJV). The ascension is not just a physical relocation of Jesus; it is His exaltation, marking His sovereign rule and ongoing intercession for us.

Jesus’ ascension signifies His enthronement as King and His constant intercession for us at the Father’s right hand. It assures us of His ongoing presence and His final victory. While His physical form may no longer be with us, His spiritual presence continues to guide, empower, and comfort us.

As believers, the Ascension calls us to live in light of Christ’s lordship over all creation. It reassures us that despite the trials and tribulations of this life, our Lord reigns supreme, and He continues to intercede for us.

Living Out the Commission: The Disciples’ Obedience

The Gospel of Mark concludes with the disciples’ obedience to the Great Commission. “And they went out and preached everywhere, the Lord working with them and confirming the word through the accompanying signs. Amen” (Mark 16:20, NKJV). Despite their initial fears and doubts, the disciples faithfully fulfilled their mission, spreading the Good News far and wide.

The disciples’ response to the Great Commission models obedience and faithfulness for modern believers. Their actions demonstrate the power of Christ’s resurrection in transforming doubters into determined missionaries. The text also reassures us that the Lord works with us as we carry out His mission, confirming His word through various ways.

As followers of Christ, we are encouraged to respond to the Great Commission just like the early disciples. We are reminded that our work is not ours alone but is done in partnership with the living and active Christ.


Mark 16 takes us on a transformative journey from the empty tomb to the ends of the earth, challenging us to confront the reality of the resurrection and embrace our mission as followers of the Risen Lord. The truths enshrined in this chapter are more than just historical or theological concepts; they are powerful realities meant to shape our faith and actions.

The journey through Mark 16 is not a passive exercise, but an invitation to active discipleship. The resurrection, the appearances, the Great Commission, the confirming signs—all these invite us to experience the Risen Christ in deeper ways and to be His witnesses in the world.

Ultimately, Mark 16 is a powerful testament to Christ’s victory over death and His lordship over all creation. As we ponder these truths and live out our commission, we continue the work of the disciples, spreading the Good News of the Risen Lord to the ends of the earth.

About The Author

Scroll to Top