Facts About Abraham in the Bible


Abraham, a key figure in the Bible and the patriarch of three major religions – Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, has a story that continues to inspire believers across the world. As the “father of many nations,” his life serves as a testament to the power of faith, obedience, and the unwavering promises of God. In this blog post, we will delve into the fascinating facts about Abraham, using the New King James Version (NKJV) of the Bible as our guide. Through the exploration of his journey, we hope to provide valuable insights and lessons for Christians today.

The story of Abraham starts with his family and early life in ancient Mesopotamia, and it takes us through his call from God to leave his homeland for an unknown land. We will witness the establishment of God’s covenant with Abraham, the birth of his sons Ishmael and Isaac, and the trials he faced in his walk with God. As we uncover these facts, we will also see the importance of trusting in God’s promises, even in the face of seemingly insurmountable challenges.

Join us as we navigate through the life of Abraham, discovering the significance of his faith and its impact on the generations that followed. By reflecting on his story, we aim to encourage and strengthen your own faith, providing you with a deeper understanding of the foundations of our Christian beliefs and the power of a life lived in obedience to God’s call.

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Abraham and Sarah

1. Abraham’s Family and Early Life

Abraham was born in Ur of the Chaldeans, a city in ancient Mesopotamia (Genesis 11:27-28). He was the son of Terah and had two brothers, Nahor and Haran. Haran died while they were still in Ur, leaving behind a son named Lot. Later, Terah led the family to Haran, another city, where they settled for a time (Genesis 11:31).

2. The Call of Abraham

In Genesis 12:1-3, God called Abraham to leave his homeland and go to an unknown land that He would show him. God promised to make him a great nation, to bless him, and to make his name great. Through him, all the families of the earth would be blessed.

“Now the Lord had said to Abram: ‘Get out of your country, From your family And from your father’s house, To a land that I will show you. I will make you a great nation; I will bless you And make your name great; And you shall be a blessing. I will bless those who bless you, And I will curse him who curses you; And in you all the families of the earth shall be blessed.’”

Abraham obeyed God’s call and, together with his wife Sarai (later renamed Sarah), his nephew Lot, and their possessions, set out for the land of Canaan (Genesis 12:4-5).

3. Abraham and Lot Separate

Due to increasing wealth and possessions, the land couldn’t support both Abraham’s and Lot’s herds and their herdsmen. To avoid conflict, Abraham allowed Lot to choose a portion of the land, and they separated. Lot chose the fertile plains of the Jordan Valley, while Abraham settled in the land of Canaan (Genesis 13:5-12).

4. God’s Covenant with Abraham

God established a covenant with Abraham, promising him that his descendants would be as numerous as the stars in the sky and that they would inherit the land of Canaan (Genesis 15:1-6, 18-21). This covenant was sealed with a remarkable ceremony involving the sacrifice of animals and a smoking firepot and a flaming torch passing between the pieces of the sacrifice (Genesis 15:7-17).

5. The Birth of Ishmael

Abraham and Sarah, who had been unable to have children, decided to try to fulfill God’s promise of a son through Sarah’s maidservant, Hagar. Hagar conceived and gave birth to Ishmael. However, this led to strife between Hagar and Sarah, and ultimately God reaffirmed that His covenant would be with Abraham’s son through Sarah, not Hagar (Genesis 16:1-16, 17:18-21).

6. The Sign of the Covenant: Circumcision

God commanded Abraham to circumcise himself and every male in his household as a sign of the covenant between them. This covenant was reaffirmed, and God changed Abram’s name to Abraham (meaning “father of many nations”) and Sarai’s name to Sarah (meaning “princess”) (Genesis 17:1-27).

“As for Me, behold, My covenant is with you, and you shall be a father of many nations. No longer shall your name be called Abram, but your name shall be Abraham; for I have made you a father of many nations.” (Genesis 17:4-5 NKJV)

7. The Birth of Isaac

After many years, when Abraham was 100 years old and Sarah was 90, God miraculously enabled them to have a son named Isaac. He was the promised child through whom God’s covenant would be established (Genesis 21:1-7).

“And the Lord visited Sarah as He had said, and the Lord did for Sarah as He had spoken. For Sarah conceived and bore Abraham a son in his old age, at the set time of which God had spoken to him.” (Genesis 21:1-2 NKJV)

8. The Sacrifice of Isaac

In a test of faith, God asked Abraham to sacrifice his son Isaac on Mount Moriah. Abraham was willing to obey, but as he was about to offer Isaac, an angel of the Lord stopped him and provided a ram as a substitute. This event foreshadowed the ultimate sacrifice of Jesus Christ on the cross, as God’s provision for the sins of humanity (Genesis 22:1-19).

“And He said, ‘Do not lay your hand on the lad, or do anything to him; for now I know that you fear God, since you have not withheld your son, your only son, from Me.’” (Genesis 22:12 NKJV)

9. The Death of Sarah and Purchase of the Cave of Machpelah

Sarah died at the age of 127, and Abraham purchased a cave called Machpelah from Ephron the Hittite to serve as a family burial site. Abraham buried Sarah in the cave, and it later became the burial place for Abraham, Isaac, Rebekah, and Leah (Genesis 23:1-20, 25:7-10, 49:29-33).

10. The Marriage of Isaac

Abraham sent his most trusted servant to his homeland to find a suitable wife for Isaac. The servant found Rebekah, who was from Abraham’s own family, and brought her back to Isaac. They married, and Isaac was comforted after his mother’s death (Genesis 24:1-67).

11. The Death of Abraham

Abraham lived for 175 years and died in a “good old age.” His sons Isaac and Ishmael buried him in the cave of Machpelah, next to his wife Sarah (Genesis 25:7-10).

“And Abraham breathed his last and died in a good old age, an old man and full of years, and was gathered to his people.” (Genesis 25:8 NKJV)

In conclusion, the story of Abraham in the Bible is a remarkable testimony of faith, obedience, and God’s faithfulness to His promises. As the “father of many nations,” Abraham’s life offers valuable lessons and insights for believers today. Through his story, we can understand the importance of trusting God, even in challenging circumstances, and the power of God’s promises to shape and guide our lives.

12. Abraham’s Faith Counted as Righteousness

Abraham’s unwavering faith in God’s promises is a significant aspect of his story. His faith was so strong that the Bible states it was “accounted to him for righteousness” (Genesis 15:6).

“And he believed in the Lord, and He accounted it to him for righteousness.” (Genesis 15:6 NKJV)

This statement is also mentioned in the New Testament, where Abraham is presented as a model of faith for believers (Romans 4:1-25, Galatians 3:6-9, James 2:23-24). His faith in God’s promises, despite his advanced age and seemingly impossible circumstances, is an inspiration and challenge for all Christians to fully trust in God’s faithfulness.

13. Abraham’s Intercession for Sodom and Gomorrah

In Genesis 18, God revealed to Abraham that He was going to judge the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah due to their wickedness. Abraham demonstrated his compassion and intercessory nature by pleading with God to spare the cities if even a few righteous people were found there. Although the cities were ultimately destroyed, Abraham’s intercession demonstrates the power of prayer and the importance of advocating for others (Genesis 18:16-33).

14. Hagar and Ishmael’s Banishment and God’s Provision

After the birth of Isaac, tension grew between Sarah and Hagar, leading to Hagar and Ishmael’s banishment into the wilderness. God heard Hagar’s cries and provided for them, ensuring their survival and reiterating His promise to make Ishmael the father of a great nation (Genesis 21:8-21).

“Then God opened her eyes, and she saw a well of water. And she went and filled the skin with water and gave the lad a drink. So God was with the lad, and he grew and dwelt in the wilderness and became an archer.” (Genesis 21:19-20 NKJV)

15. Abraham’s Other Descendants

After Sarah’s death, Abraham married Keturah and had six more sons: Zimran, Jokshan, Medan, Midian, Ishbak, and Shuah. These sons became the fathers of various tribes and nations, fulfilling God’s promise to make Abraham the father of many nations. However, Abraham sent these sons away from Isaac to ensure that Isaac remained the primary heir (Genesis 25:1-6).


The life of Abraham in the Bible is an incredible journey of faith, obedience, and the steadfast promises of God. As the patriarch of many nations and the father of our faith, Abraham’s story offers invaluable lessons and insights that can help guide and inspire Christians today. Throughout his life, we witness the importance of trusting God even in the face of adversity and the power of faith in overcoming life’s challenges.

In this blog post, we have explored various aspects of Abraham’s life, from his family and early years, to the covenant God established with him, the birth of his sons, and the trials he faced. Through it all, Abraham’s unwavering faith in God’s promises serves as a model for believers everywhere. As we apply these lessons to our own lives, we can cultivate a deeper relationship with God and experience the transformative power of His promises.

As we conclude our journey through the life of Abraham, let us be encouraged and strengthened in our faith, inspired by the example he set. May we, too, walk in obedience to God’s call, trusting in His promises and experiencing the blessings that come from a life of faith. By reflecting on Abraham’s story, we can find renewed hope, inspiration, and guidance as we navigate our own spiritual journeys, following the footsteps of the “father of many nations.”

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