Did Jesus Preach in Hades?
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Did Jesus Preach in Hades?


The question of whether Jesus preached in Hades has been a topic of great interest and debate among theologians and Bible scholars for centuries.

This blog post aims to shed light on this fascinating topic, delving into the scriptures of the New King James Version (NKJV) of the Bible to provide a thorough and insightful understanding.

We will explore the various perspectives and interpretations surrounding this subject, in order to better comprehend the implications of Jesus’ ministry and the significance it holds for Christians today.

In the following article, we will examine key scriptural passages and the insights they offer on this topic, as well as how these passages have been interpreted by scholars over time.

To guide you through this exploration, we have provided a list of key takeaways and organized the content into five main subheadings, each with three supporting paragraphs.

Key Takeaways:

  1. The concept of Jesus preaching in Hades is rooted in the Apostles’ Creed and the Harrowing of Hell tradition.
  2. The primary biblical passage used to support this idea is 1 Peter 3:18-20.
  3. Other passages that may suggest Jesus preached in Hades include Ephesians 4:8-10 and 1 Peter 4:6.
  4. Some scholars interpret these passages to mean Jesus preached to the spirits of the dead, while others argue that he proclaimed his victory over death and evil.
  5. Understanding the broader context of these passages is crucial for interpreting their meaning.
Did jesus preach in hades?

The Apostles’ Creed and the Harrowing of Hell

The belief that Jesus descended into Hades, or Hell, to preach to the spirits imprisoned there originates from the Apostles’ Creed, an early Christian statement of faith.

The Creed states that Jesus “was crucified, died, and was buried; He descended into Hell; the third day He rose again from the dead.”

This reference to Jesus’ descent into Hell is the foundation of the Harrowing of Hell tradition, in which Jesus frees the righteous souls who had been trapped in Hades since the time of Adam.

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The Harrowing of Hell is not explicitly mentioned in the canonical Gospels, but it has been an influential part of Christian tradition and art throughout history. This tradition emphasizes Jesus’ role as the Savior who triumphs over sin, death, and the powers of darkness.

The concept of Jesus preaching in Hades can be seen as an extension of this idea, as it suggests that he went to the realm of the dead to proclaim his victory and offer salvation to those who had been waiting for the Messiah.

1 Peter 3:18-20: The Core Passage

The primary passage cited by those who believe Jesus preached in Hades is 1 Peter 3:18-20 (NKJV), which states,

“For Christ also suffered once for sins, the just for the unjust, that He might bring us to God, being put to death in the flesh but made alive by the Spirit, by whom also He went and preached to the spirits in prison, who formerly were disobedient, when once the Divine longsuffering waited in the days of Noah, while the ark was being prepared.”

This passage suggests that Jesus, through the Holy Spirit, went to preach to the spirits who were in prison, referring to those who had been disobedient during the time of Noah.

Some scholars interpret this passage as evidence that Jesus preached to the dead in Hades, offering them an opportunity for salvation. Others argue that this passage does not specifically mention Hades, and the spirits in prison could refer to fallen angels or another group of beings.

Other Relevant Passages: Ephesians 4:8-10 and 1 Peter 4:6

Two other passages in the New Testament have been used to support the idea that Jesus preached in Hades. The first is Ephesians 4:8-10 (NKJV), which quotes Psalm 68:18 and reads,

“Therefore He says: ‘When He ascended on high, He led captivity captive, And gave gifts to men.’ (Now this, ‘He ascended’—what does it mean but that He also first descended into the lower parts of the earth? He who descended is also the One who ascended far above all the heavens, that He might fill all things.)”

This passage has been interpreted by some to mean that Jesus descended into Hades to release the captives there before ascending into heaven.

Another passage often cited in this context is 1 Peter 4:6 (NKJV), which states, “For this reason the gospel was preached also to those who are dead, that they might be judged according to men in the flesh, but live according to God in the spirit.”

This verse suggests that the gospel was preached to the dead, which some interpret as evidence that Jesus preached in Hades.

However, others argue that the passage could be referring to the dead in a metaphorical sense, meaning those who were spiritually dead before hearing the gospel.

Differing Interpretations: Proclamation or Preaching?

One key aspect of the debate surrounding Jesus’ preaching in Hades is the interpretation of the term “preached” in the relevant passages.

Some scholars argue that the original Greek word used, “kerysso,” means to proclaim or announce, rather than to preach in the sense of teaching or offering salvation.

In this view, Jesus’ descent into Hades was not to offer salvation to the dead, but to proclaim his victory over sin, death, and evil forces.

Others maintain that the term “preached” in these passages should be understood in the context of Jesus’ ministry, which included teaching and offering salvation to those who would listen.

In this interpretation, Jesus’ preaching in Hades aligns with his role as the Savior who offers redemption and hope to all, even those who had died before his coming.

Context Matters: Understanding the Broader Biblical Narrative

In order to accurately interpret the passages related to Jesus preaching in Hades, it is essential to consider the broader biblical context. This includes examining the cultural and historical background, as well as the theological implications of the belief.

Some scholars argue that the idea of Jesus preaching in Hades can be reconciled with the overall biblical narrative, while others contend that it contradicts key tenets of Christian faith, such as the finality of judgment after death (Hebrews 9:27).

It is important to recognize that the passages in question are complex and open to varying interpretations.

To form a well-rounded understanding of this topic, one must carefully consider the multiple perspectives and interpretations that have been offered throughout history, as well as the broader biblical context in which they appear.


The question of whether Jesus preached in Hades is a fascinating and complex issue, with deep theological implications for the understanding of Jesus’ ministry and the nature of salvation.

By examining key passages from the NKJV Bible, such as 1 Peter 3:18-20, Ephesians 4:8-10, and 1 Peter 4:6, as well as considering the Apostles’ Creed and the Harrowing of Hell tradition, we can gain a greater appreciation for the various perspectives and interpretations that have been offered on this topic.

Ultimately, the answer to this question may depend on one’s interpretation of the relevant biblical passages and the broader theological context.

However, by engaging in thoughtful and informed exploration of this subject, we can deepen our understanding of the Christian faith and the profound significance of Jesus’ life, death

Pastor duke taber
Pastor Duke Taber

Pastor Duke Taber

All articles have been written or reviewed by Pastor Duke Taber.
Pastor Duke Taber is an alumnus of Life Pacific University and Multnomah Biblical Seminary.
He has been in pastoral ministry since 1988.
Today he is the owner and managing editor of 3 successful Christian websites that support missionaries around the world.
He is currently starting a brand new church in Mesquite NV called Mesquite Worship Center, a Non-Denominational Spirit Filled Christian church in Mesquite Nevada.