A Summary of Why Jesus is Called the Good Shepherd
Skip to content

A Summary of Why Jesus is Called the Good Shepherd


The image of a shepherd is deeply woven into the fabric of the biblical narrative. Throughout the Old and New Testaments, we encounter vivid illustrations of God’s care and provision for His people, often depicted as a shepherd tending to his flock.

Among the most cherished of these portrayals is Jesus Christ, the Good Shepherd. In this blog post, we will explore the rich symbolism and meaning behind this title, drawing from the New King James Version (NKJV) of the Bible, to understand why Jesus is called the Good Shepherd and what it means for believers today.

As we delve into the various passages and themes that encompass the idea of Jesus as the Good Shepherd, it is essential to consider the broader context of the shepherd’s role in the ancient world. A shepherd was responsible for guiding, protecting, and providing for his sheep.

This position of leadership and responsibility parallels the relationship between God and His people, as well as Jesus and His followers. In the following sections, we will examine the biblical basis for this title, its significance to our faith, and how we, as followers of Christ, can live out this powerful imagery in our daily lives.

A summary of why jesus is called the good shepherd

The Biblical Basis for Jesus as the Good Shepherd

John 10: The Good Shepherd Discourse

One of the most significant passages where Jesus is explicitly called the Good Shepherd is found in John 10. This chapter contains what is known as the “Good Shepherd Discourse,” where Jesus uses the metaphor of a shepherd to explain His relationship with His followers.

In John 10:11, Jesus declares, “I am the good shepherd. The good shepherd gives His life for the sheep” (NKJV). In this statement, Jesus not only identifies Himself as the Good Shepherd but also foreshadows His sacrificial death on the cross for our sins.

Old Testament Prophecy Fulfilled

The idea of the Good Shepherd is not solely a New Testament concept, as the Old Testament contains numerous prophecies that point to Jesus as the coming shepherd-leader of God’s people.

One such example can be found in Ezekiel 34:23, where God declares, “I will establish one shepherd over them, and he shall feed them—My servant David. He shall feed them and be their shepherd” (NKJV).

This prophecy, along with others like it, underscores the fact that Jesus is the fulfillment of God’s promise to provide a shepherd to lead and care for His people.

Bible Knowledge Quiz

How much of a Bible lover are you? Take Viral Believers Quiz to find out!

1 / 10

What are the first three words of the Bible?

2 / 10

Who was thrown into a lions' den but was not harmed?

3 / 10

Which apostle denied Jesus three times?

4 / 10

What fruit did Eve eat from the forbidden tree?

5 / 10

Who built the ark?

6 / 10

Who was the first man created by God?

7 / 10

Who led the Israelites out of Egypt?

8 / 10

What is the first book in the Bible?

9 / 10

What sea did Moses part to escape the Egyptians?

10 / 10

What city were Jesus’ parents traveling to when Jesus was born?

Your score is

The average score is 85%


Jesus as the Shepherd in the Gospels

Throughout the Gospels, Jesus is portrayed as a shepherd who guides, provides for, and protects His followers.

For example, in Matthew 9:36, we read that Jesus “saw the multitudes, He was moved with compassion for them, because they were weary and scattered, like sheep having no shepherd” (NKJV). This passage reflects Jesus’ heart for the lost and His desire to shepherd them back into the fold.

The Significance of Jesus as the Good Shepherd

The Good Shepherd as the Ultimate Provider

As the Good Shepherd, Jesus is our ultimate provider, offering spiritual nourishment and eternal life to those who follow Him. In John 6:35, Jesus proclaims, “I am the bread of life. He who comes to Me shall never hunger, and he who believes in Me shall never thirst” (NKJV).

Through these words, Jesus emphasizes that He is the source of life, sustenance, and satisfaction for all who trust in Him.

The Good Shepherd as Our Protector

One of the primary roles of a shepherd is to protect his sheep from danger. In the same way, Jesus, as the Good Shepherd, promises to protect His followers from spiritual harm.

In John 10:27-28, Jesus says, “My sheep hear My voice, and I know them, and they follow Me. And I give them eternal life, and they shall never perish; neither shall anyone snatch them out of My hand” (NKJV). This passage provides assurance to believers that Jesus will guard and protect them, ensuring their eternal safety.

The Good Shepherd as a Loving Leader

The Good Shepherd is also characterized by His tender, loving care for His sheep. In John 10:14-15, Jesus states, “I am the good shepherd; and I know My sheep, and am known by My own. As the Father knows Me, even so I know the Father; and I lay down My life for the sheep” (NKJV).

By willingly laying down His life for us, Jesus demonstrates the depth of His love and commitment to His followers, leading them with compassion and self-sacrifice.

Living Out the Good Shepherd Imagery in Our Daily Lives

Following Jesus’ Example of Love and Sacrifice

As followers of the Good Shepherd, we are called to imitate His example of love and sacrifice in our own lives. Jesus tells us in John 13:34-35, “A new commandment I give to you, that you love one another; as I have loved you, that you also love one another.

By this, all will know that you are My disciples if you have love for one another” (NKJV). By loving others in the same way that Jesus loves us, we demonstrate our identity as His disciples and continue His shepherding work in the world.

Trusting in the Good Shepherd’s Provision and Protection

Living as followers of the Good Shepherd also involves trusting in His provision and protection.

In Matthew 6:25-26, Jesus teaches,

“Therefore I say to you, do not worry about your life, what you will eat or what you will drink; nor about your body, what you will put on… Look at the birds of the air, for they neither sow nor reap nor gather into barns; yet your heavenly Father feeds them. Are you not of more value than they?” (NKJV).

By placing our trust in Jesus as our Good Shepherd, we can live free from worry and fear, knowing that He will provide for our needs and protect us from harm.

Guiding and Caring for Others as Jesus Does

As we grow in our relationship with the Good Shepherd, we are called to take on a shepherding role for others, guiding and caring for them as Jesus does for us.

In Matthew 28:19-20, Jesus commissions His followers, saying, “Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, teaching them to observe all things that I have commanded you” (NKJV).

As we share the love and truth of Jesus with others, we participate in His shepherding work, helping to bring others into the fold of His care.


In conclusion, the title of Jesus as the Good Shepherd holds profound meaning and significance for believers. It speaks to His role as our ultimate provider, protector, and loving leader, as well as His fulfillment of Old Testament prophecies.

As followers of Christ, we are called to live out this imagery in our daily lives by imitating His example of love and sacrifice, trusting in His provision and protection, and guiding and caring for others as He does.

By understanding and embracing the depth of Jesus’ role as the Good Shepherd, we can experience the richness of His love and care in our own lives and extend that same love and care to others. In doing so, we not only deepen our relationship with Christ but also help to advance His kingdom here on earth.

As we reflect on the beautiful imagery of Jesus as the Good Shepherd, let it inspire us to grow in our faith and to live lives marked by love, trust, and service.

Finally, it is important to remember that the Good Shepherd knows each of His sheep intimately, and He desires for us to know Him in the same way. In John 17:3, Jesus prays, “And this is eternal life, that they may know You, the only true God, and Jesus Christ whom You have sent” (NKJV).

As we continue to seek and follow Jesus, the Good Shepherd, let us be encouraged by the depth of His love for us and strive to know Him more fully, experiencing the abundant life that He offers.

May the image of Jesus as the Good Shepherd continue to guide and shape our lives, bringing us ever closer to the heart of our loving Savior, who laid down His life for us and continues to care for and protect us each day.

Pastor duke taber
Pastor Duke Taber

Pastor Duke Taber

All articles have been written or reviewed by Pastor Duke Taber.
Pastor Duke Taber is an alumnus of Life Pacific University and Multnomah Biblical Seminary.
He has been in pastoral ministry since 1988.
Today he is the owner and managing editor of 3 successful Christian websites that support missionaries around the world.
He is currently starting a brand new church in Mesquite NV called Mesquite Worship Center, a Non-Denominational Spirit Filled Christian church in Mesquite Nevada.